Exposure to Indoor Allergens in Different Residential Settings and Its Influence on IgE Sensitization in a Geographically Confined Austrian Cohort
Publication Date
January 03, 2017
Authors
Teresa Stemeseder, Bettina Schweidler, Patrick Doppler, Eva Klinglmayr, et al
Volume
12
Issue
1
Pages
e0168686
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0168686
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0168686
Scopus
85008167378
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/exposure-indoor-allergens-different-residential-settings-influence-ige-sensitization-geographically
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Exposure to indoor allergens in different residential settings and its influence on IgE sensitization in a geographically confined Austrian cohort", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Teresa", "last_name"=>"Stemeseder", "scopus_author_id"=>"56724272900"}, {"first_name"=>"Bettina", "last_name"=>"Schweidler", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192809904"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick", "last_name"=>"Doppler", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192806243"}, {"first_name"=>"Eva", "last_name"=>"Klinglmayr", "scopus_author_id"=>"26032104900"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephanie", "last_name"=>"Moser", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192197762"}, {"first_name"=>"Lisa", "last_name"=>"Lueftenegger", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192805939"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Himly", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602909744"}, {"first_name"=>"Roland", "last_name"=>"Lang", "scopus_author_id"=>"55710373700"}, {"first_name"=>"Joerg", "last_name"=>"Zumbach", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506718804"}, {"first_name"=>"Gertie J.", "last_name"=>"Oostingh", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507748784"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Hawranek", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603181829"}, {"first_name"=>"Arne C.", "last_name"=>"Bathke", "scopus_author_id"=>"8419828600"}, {"first_name"=>"Gabriele", "last_name"=>"Gadermaier", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507409229"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85008167378", "sgr"=>"85008167378", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"613952761", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0168686"}, "id"=>"0a5f2c2c-5cfd-3b32-8287-c5610c8a5541", "abstract"=>"Background Exposure to indoor allergens is crucial for IgE sensitization and development of allergic symptoms. Residential settings influence the allergen amount in house dust and hence allergic sensitization. Within this study, we investigated allergen exposure and molecule-based IgE levels in a geographically confined region and evaluated the impact of housing, pets and cleaning. Methods 501 adolescents from Salzburg, Austria participated in this cross-sectional study. House dust samples were examined regarding major mite, cat, dog, and mold allergens using a multiplex assay. Serum samples of participants were analyzed for specific IgE to Der p 1, Der p 2, Fel d 1, Can f 1 and Alt a 1 using the multiplex array ImmunoCAP ISAC. Information on allergies, living areas, dwelling form (house, flat, farm), pets, and household cleanliness were obtained by a questionnaire. Results In investigated house dust samples, the concentration of cat allergen was highest while the prevalence of mold allergens was very low. Participants showed IgE sensitization to Der p 1 (13.2%), Der p 2 (18.2%), Fel d 1 (14.4%), Can f 1 (2.4%) and Alt a 1 (2.0%). In alpine regions, lower mite allergen concentrations were detected which correlated with reduced IgE levels. A trend for increased sensitization prevalence from rural to alpine to urban regions was noted. Living on farms resulted in lower sensitization prevalence to mite and cat allergens, even though exposure to mites was significantly elevated. The presence of cats was associated with a lower sensitization rate and IgE levels to cat and mite allergens, and less frequent allergic diseases. Cleaning did not impact allergen concentrations, while IgE reactivity to mites and allergic diseases were more pronounced when living in cleaner homes. Conclusion Allergen exposure to indoor allergens was influenced by setting of homes. Living in a farm environment and having a cat at home showed a protective effect for IgE sensitization and allergies. This cross-sectional study in combination with hereditary and lifestyle factors enables development of risk schemes for a more efficient management and potential prevention of allergic diseases.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/exposure-indoor-allergens-different-residential-settings-influence-ige-sensitization-geographically", "reader_count"=>6, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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