Weight Loss and Mortality in Overweight and Obese Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review
Publication Date
January 06, 2017
Authors
Sarah E. Jackson, Malgorzata Heinrich, Rebecca J. Beeken & Jane Wardle
Volume
12
Issue
1
Pages
e0169173
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169173
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0169173
Scopus
85009227336
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/weight-loss-mortality-overweight-obese-cancer-survivors-systematic-review-1
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Weight loss and mortality in overweight and obese cancer survivors: A systematic review", "type"=>"generic", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sarah E.", "last_name"=>"Jackson", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196323380"}, {"first_name"=>"Malgorzata", "last_name"=>"Heinrich", "scopus_author_id"=>"57119062300"}, {"first_name"=>"Rebecca J.", "last_name"=>"Beeken", "scopus_author_id"=>"36196242700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jane", "last_name"=>"Wardle", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102146930"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0169173", "sgr"=>"85009227336", "pui"=>"614015549", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85009227336", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"28060948", "isbn"=>"1111111111"}, "id"=>"62caded6-49d7-3ff4-aacf-2b0002643ab2", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Excess adiposity is a risk factor for poorer cancer survival, but there is uncertainty over whether losing weight reduces the risk. We conducted a critical review of the literature examining weight loss and mortality in overweight or obese cancer survivors. METHODS We systematically searched PubMed and EMBASE for articles reporting associations between weight loss and mortality (cancer-specific or all-cause) in overweight/obese patients with obesity-related cancers. Where available, data from the same studies on non-overweight patients were compared. RESULTS Five articles describing observational studies in breast cancer survivors were included. Four studies reported a positive association between weight loss and mortality in overweight/obese survivors, and the remaining study observed no significant association. Results were similar for non-overweight survivors. Quality assessment indicated high risk of bias across studies. CONCLUSIONS There is currently a lack of observational evidence that weight loss improves survival for overweight and obese cancer survivors. However, the potential for bias in these studies is considerable and the results likely reflect the consequences of disease-related rather than intentional weight loss. There is a need for stronger study designs, incorporating measures of intentionality of weight loss, and extended to other cancers.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/weight-loss-mortality-overweight-obese-cancer-survivors-systematic-review-1", "reader_count"=>23, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Psychology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>4}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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