Wind Energy Conversion by Plant-Inspired Designs
Publication Date
January 13, 2017
Authors
Michael A. Mc Closkey, Curtis L. Mosher & Eric R. Henderson
Volume
12
Issue
1
Pages
e0170022
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170022
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0170022
Scopus
85009291589
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/wind-energy-conversion-plantinspired-designs
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Wind energy conversion by plant-inspired designs", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michael A.", "last_name"=>"McCloskey", "scopus_author_id"=>"16943137000"}, {"first_name"=>"Curtis L.", "last_name"=>"Mosher", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005348368"}, {"first_name"=>"Eric R.", "last_name"=>"Henderson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201927175"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85009291589", "pui"=>"614055486", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0170022", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "sgr"=>"85009291589", "pmid"=>"28085933"}, "id"=>"62821b19-178b-33e7-9337-f5a40d581a2c", "abstract"=>"In 2008 the U.S. Department of Energy set a target of 20% wind energy by 2030. To date, induction-based turbines form the mainstay of this effort, but turbines are noisy, perceived as unattractive, a potential hazard to bats and birds, and their height hampers deployment in residential settings. Several groups have proposed that artificial plants containing piezoelectric elements may harvest wind energy sufficient to contribute to a carbon-neutral energy economy. Here we measured energy conversion by cottonwood-inspired piezoelectric leaves, and by a \"vertical flapping stalk\"-the most efficient piezo-leaf previously reported. We emulated cottonwood for its unusually ordered, periodic flutter, properties conducive to piezo excitation. Integrated over 0°-90° (azimuthal) of incident airflow, cottonwood mimics outperformed the vertical flapping stalk, but they produced < daW per conceptualized tree. In contrast, a modest-sized cottonwood tree may dissipate ~ 80 W via leaf motion alone. A major limitation of piezo-transduction is charge generation, which scales with capacitance (area). We thus tested a rudimentary, cattail-inspired leaf with stacked elements wired in parallel. Power increased systematically with capacitance as expected, but extrapolation to acre-sized assemblages predicts < daW. Although our results suggest that present piezoelectric materials will not harvest mid-range power from botanic mimics of convenient size, recent developments in electrostriction and triboelectric systems may offer more fertile ground to further explore this concept.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/wind-energy-conversion-plantinspired-designs", "reader_count"=>16, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2, "Design"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>9}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Luxembourg"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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