Is your dog empathic? Developing a Dog Emotional Reactivity Survey
Publication Date
February 13, 2017
Authors
Flóra Szánthó, Ádám Miklósi & Enikő Kubinyi
Volume
12
Issue
2
Pages
e0170397
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170397
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0170397
Scopus
85012187379
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/dog-empathic-developing-dog-emotional-reactivity-survey
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Is your dog empathic? Developing a Dog Emotional Reactivity Survey", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Flóra", "last_name"=>"Szánthó", "scopus_author_id"=>"57112531200"}, {"first_name"=>"Ádám", "last_name"=>"Miklósi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003466993"}, {"first_name"=>"Eniko", "last_name"=>"Kubinyi", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602234007"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85012187379", "pui"=>"614394076", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0170397", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "sgr"=>"85012187379", "pmid"=>"28192495"}, "id"=>"2d1b1c16-ce9d-3f36-954f-b47a37d7fcc4", "abstract"=>"Dogs' seemingly empathic behaviour attracts general and scientific attention alike. Behaviour tests are usually not sufficiently realistic to evoke empathic-like behaviour; therefore we decided to ask owners about their experiences with their dogs in emotionally loaded situations. Owners from Hungary (N = 591) and from Germany (N = 2283) were asked to rate their level of agreement on a 1-5 Likert scale with statements about the reactivity of their dogs to their emotions and to other dogs' behaviour. We created two scales with satisfactory internal reliability: reactivity to the owner's emotion and reactivity to other dogs' behaviour. Based on an owner-dog personality matching theory, we hypothesised that the owner's empathy, as measured by the subscale on the cooperativeness character factor of the human personality, will correlate with their dog's emotional reactivity in emotionally loaded situations. In addition we also examined how anthropomorphism, contagious yawning, attitude toward the dog are related to emotional reactivity in dogs as perceived by the owner. In addition we examined how owners rate dog pictures. We found that the scale scores were largely independent from demographic and environmental variables like breed, sex, age, age at acquiring, keeping practices, training experiences and owner's age. However, anthropomorphic and emotional attitude of the owners probably biased the responses. In the German sample more empathic owners reported to have more emotionally reactive dog, as expected by the personality matching theory. More empathic owners reported to have fewer problems with their dogs and they rated a puppy picture as more cute in both countries. 62% of owners from Hungary and 36% of owner from Germany agreed with the statement \"My dog is more important for me than any human being\". In Germany, more empathic owners agreed less with this statement and indicated that their dogs have a tendency for contagious yawning. Owners whose attitudes toward their dogs were anthropomorphic (agreed more with the statement that \"My dog thinks like a child\"), perceived their dogs as more reactive to their emotions. This findings highlights the importance of testing the attitudes of the respondents when they assess the personality and the emotions of animals. The criterion validity of the Dog Emotional Reactivity Survey should be confirmed by objective behavioural tests.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dog-empathic-developing-dog-emotional-reactivity-survey", "reader_count"=>36, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Psychology"=>8, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>8}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>1, "Hungary"=>1, "United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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