The Aggradational Successions of the Aniene River Valley in Rome: Age Constraints to Early Neanderthal Presence in Europe
Publication Date
January 26, 2017
Authors
Fabrizio Marra, Piero Ceruleo, Luca Pandolfi, Carmelo Petronio, et al
Volume
12
Issue
1
Pages
e0170434
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170434
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0170434
Scopus
85011716014
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/aggradational-successions-aniene-river-valley-rome-age-constraints-early-neanderthal-presence-europe
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The aggradational successions of the aniene river valley in Rome: Age constraints to early neanderthal presence in Europe", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fabrizio", "last_name"=>"Marra", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005436770"}, {"first_name"=>"Piero", "last_name"=>"Ceruleo", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508045790"}, {"first_name"=>"Luca", "last_name"=>"Pandolfi", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192912639"}, {"first_name"=>"Carmelo", "last_name"=>"Petronio", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004074614"}, {"first_name"=>"Mario F.", "last_name"=>"Rolfo", "scopus_author_id"=>"34968611000"}, {"first_name"=>"Leonardo", "last_name"=>"Salari", "scopus_author_id"=>"16643609800"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1111111111", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85011716014", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"614314348", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0170434", "sgr"=>"85011716014"}, "id"=>"244f61f8-c544-3762-a8f1-015dc2634b29", "abstract"=>"© 2017 Marra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original aut hor and source are credited. We revise the chronostratigraphy of several sedimentary successions cropping out along a 5 km-long tract of the Aniene River Valley in Rome (Italy), which yielded six hominin remains previously attributed to proto- or archaic Neanderthal individuals, as well as a large number of lithic artefacts showing intermediate characteristics somewhere between the local Acheulean and Mousterian cultures. Through a method of correlation of aggradational successions with post-glacial sea-level rises, relying on a large set of published 40 Ar/ 39 Ar ages of inter-bedded volcanic deposits, we demonstrate that deposition of the sediments hosting the human remains spans the interval 295-220 ka. This is consistent with other well constrained ages for lithic industries recovered in England, displaying transitional features from Lower to Middle Paleolithic, suggesting the appearance of Mode 3 during the MIS 9-MIS 8 transition. Moreover, the six human bone fragments recovered in the Aniene Valley should be regarded as the most precisely dated and oldest hominin remains ascribable to Neanderthal-type individuals in Europe, discovered to date. The chronostratigraphic study presented here constitutes the groundwork for addressing re-analysis of these remains and of their associated lithic industries, in the light of their well-constrained chronological picture.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/aggradational-successions-aniene-river-valley-rome-age-constraints-early-neanderthal-presence-europe", "reader_count"=>14, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>5, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>5}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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