Core executive functions are associated with success in young elite soccer players
Publication Date
February 08, 2017
Authors
Torbjörn Vestberg, Gustaf Reinebo, Liselotte Maurex, Martin Ingvar, et al
Volume
12
Issue
2
Pages
e0170845
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170845
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0170845
Scopus
85011950286
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/core-executive-functions-associated-success-young-elite-soccer-players-1
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Core executive functions are associated with success in young elite soccer players", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Torbj�rn", "last_name"=>"Vestberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"55169531100"}, {"first_name"=>"Gustaf", "last_name"=>"Reinebo", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193242753"}, {"first_name"=>"Liselotte", "last_name"=>"Maurex", "scopus_author_id"=>"22980355200"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Ingvar", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005734675"}, {"first_name"=>"Predrag", "last_name"=>"Petrovic", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006842690"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"28178738", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0170845", "sgr"=>"85011950286", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85011950286", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"614348162"}, "id"=>"12bce3ed-a666-3f34-84ba-253f7d51ceab", "abstract"=>"Physical capacity and coordination cannot alone predict success in team sports such as soccer. Instead, more focus has been directed towards the importance of cognitive abilities, and it has been suggested that executive functions (EF) are fundamentally important for success in soccer. However, executive functions are going through a steep development from adolescence to adulthood. Moreover, more complex EF involving manipulation of infor-mation (higher level EF) develop later than simple executive functions such as those linked to simple working memory capacity (Core EF). The link between EF and success in young soccer players is therefore not obvious. In the present study we investigated whether EF are associated with success in soccer in young elite soccer players. We performed tests mea-suring core EF (a demanding working memory task involving a variable n-back task; dWM) and higher level EF (Design Fluency test; DF). Color-Word Interference Test and Trail Mak-ing Test were performed on an exploratory level as they contain a linguistic element. The lower level EF test (dWM) was taken from CogStateSport computerized concussion testing and the higher level EF test (DF) was from Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System test battery (D-KEFS). In a group of young elite soccer players (n = 30; aged 12–19 years) we show that they perform better than the norm in both the dWM (+0.49 SD) and DF (+0.86 SD). Moreover, we could show that both dWM and DF correlate with the number of goals the players perform during the season. The effect was more prominent for dWM (r = 0.437) than for DF (r = 0.349), but strongest for a combined measurement (r = 0.550). The effect was still present when we controlled for intelligence, length and age in a partial correlation analysis. Thus, our study suggests that both core and higher level EF may predict success in soccer also in young players.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/core-executive-functions-associated-success-young-elite-soccer-players-1", "reader_count"=>33, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Sports and Recreations"=>14, "Psychology"=>6, "Engineering"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>14}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>6}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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