Identification of a large, fast-expanding HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster among MSM in Valencia, Spain
Publication Date
February 02, 2017
Authors
Juan Ángel Patiño Galindo, Manoli Torres Puente, María Alma Bracho, Ignacio Alastrué, et al
Volume
12
Issue
2
Pages
e0171062
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171062
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0171062
Scopus
85011371262
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/identification-large-fastexpanding-hiv1-subtype-b-transmission-cluster-among-msm-valencia-spain
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Identification of a large, fast-expanding HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster among MSM in Valencia, Spain", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Juan Ángel", "last_name"=>"Patiño-Galindo", "scopus_author_id"=>"56589075300"}, {"first_name"=>"Manoli", "last_name"=>"Torres-Puente", "scopus_author_id"=>"8287825800"}, {"first_name"=>"María Alma", "last_name"=>"Bracho", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602713195"}, {"first_name"=>"Ignacio", "last_name"=>"Alastrué", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506810588"}, {"first_name"=>"Amparo", "last_name"=>"Juan", "scopus_author_id"=>"55867493100"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Navarro", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004873661"}, {"first_name"=>"María José", "last_name"=>"Galindo", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006443943"}, {"first_name"=>"Concepción", "last_name"=>"Gimeno", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005782471"}, {"first_name"=>"Enrique", "last_name"=>"Ortega", "scopus_author_id"=>"35964871500"}, {"first_name"=>"Fernando", "last_name"=>"González-Candelas", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004300258"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"28152089", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85011371262", "sgr"=>"85011371262", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0171062", "pui"=>"614278892", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"6e83cf54-6b60-324b-b550-a68e3791b7e7", "abstract"=>"We describe and characterize an exceptionally large HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster occurring in the Comunidad Valenciana (CV, Spain). A total of 1806 HIV-1 protease-reverse transcriptase (PR/RT) sequences from different patients were obtained in the CV between 2004 and 2014. After subtyping and generating a phylogenetic tree with additional HIV-1 subtype B sequences, a very large transmission cluster which included almost exclusively sequences from the CV was detected (n = 143 patients). This cluster was then validated and characterized with further maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analyses and Bayesian coalescent reconstructions. With these analyses, the CV cluster was delimited to 113 patients, predominately men who have sex with men (MSM). Although it was significantly located in the city of Valencia (n = 105), phylogenetic analyses suggested this cluster derives from a larger HIV lineage affecting other Spanish localities (n = 194). Coalescent analyses estimated its expansion in Valencia to have started between 1998 and 2004. From 2004 to 2009, members of this cluster represented only 1.46% of the HIV-1 subtype B samples studied in Valencia (n = 5/143), whereas from 2010 onwards its prevalence raised to 12.64% (n = 100/791). In conclusion, we have detected a very large transmission cluster in the CV where it has experienced a very fast growth in the recent years in the city of Valencia, thus contributing significantly to the HIV epidemic in this locality. Its transmission efficiency evidences shortcomings in HIV control measures in Spain and particularly in Valencia.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/identification-large-fastexpanding-hiv1-subtype-b-transmission-cluster-among-msm-valencia-spain", "reader_count"=>7, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Master"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Unspecified"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Master"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Unspecified"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Unspecified"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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