The efficacy of a scaffold-free Bio 3D conduit developed from human fibroblasts on peripheral nerve regeneration in a rat sciatic nerve model
Publication Date
February 13, 2017
Authors
Hirofumi Yurie, Ryosuke Ikeguchi, Tomoki Aoyama, Yukitoshi Kaizawa, et al
Volume
12
Issue
2
Pages
e0171448
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171448
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0171448
Scopus
85012157877
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/efficacy-scaffoldfree-bio-3d-conduit-developed-human-fibroblasts-peripheral-nerve-regeneration-rat-s
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{"title"=>"The efficacy of a scaffold-free bio 3D conduit developed from human fibroblasts on peripheral nerve regeneration in a rat sciatic nerve model", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Hirofumi", "last_name"=>"Yurie", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192280026"}, {"first_name"=>"Ryosuke", "last_name"=>"Ikeguchi", "scopus_author_id"=>"26643614800"}, {"first_name"=>"Tomoki", "last_name"=>"Aoyama", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401941055"}, {"first_name"=>"Yukitoshi", "last_name"=>"Kaizawa", "scopus_author_id"=>"55847494200"}, {"first_name"=>"Junichi", "last_name"=>"Tajino", "scopus_author_id"=>"55621662200"}, {"first_name"=>"Akira", "last_name"=>"Ito", "scopus_author_id"=>"55126364400"}, {"first_name"=>"Souichi", "last_name"=>"Ohta", "scopus_author_id"=>"36780872500"}, {"first_name"=>"Hiroki", "last_name"=>"Oda", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202003376"}, {"first_name"=>"Hisataka", "last_name"=>"Takeuchi", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193262982"}, {"first_name"=>"Shizuka", "last_name"=>"Akieda", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506294357"}, {"first_name"=>"Manami", "last_name"=>"Tsuji", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193265617"}, {"first_name"=>"Koichi", "last_name"=>"Nakayama", "scopus_author_id"=>"41661795100"}, {"first_name"=>"Shuichi", "last_name"=>"Matsuda", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402189921"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"28192527", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0171448", "sgr"=>"85012157877", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85012157877", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"614394058"}, "id"=>"de45d944-c6e3-38f0-9b72-27ff5ba61502", "abstract"=>"© 2017 Yurie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.Background: Although autologous nerve grafting is the gold standard treatment of peripheral nerve injuries, several alternative methods have been developed, including nerve conduits that use supportive cells. However, the seeding efficacy and viability of supportive cells injected in nerve grafts remain unclear. Here, we focused on a novel completely biological, tissue-engineered, scaffold-free conduit. Methods: We developed six scaffold-free conduits from human normal dermal fibroblasts using a Bio 3D Printer. Twelve adult male rats with immune deficiency underwent mid-thigh-level transection of the right sciatic nerve. The resulting 5-mm nerve gap was bridged using 8-mm Bio 3D conduits (Bio 3D group, n = 6) and silicone tube (silicone group, n = 6). Several assessments were conducted to examine nerve regeneration eight weeks post-surgery. Results: Kinematic analysis revealed that the toe angle to the metatarsal bone at the final segment of the swing phase was significantly higher in the Bio 3D group than the silicone group (-35.78 ± 10.68 versus-62.48 ±6.15, respectively; p< 0.01). Electrophysiological studies revealed significantly higher compound muscle action potential in the Bio 3D group than the silicone group (53.60 ± 26.36% versus 2.93 ± 1.84%; p < 0.01). Histological and morphological studies revealed neural cell expression in all regions of the regenerated nerves and the presence of many well-myelinated axons in the Bio 3D group. The wet muscle weight of the tibialis anterior muscle was significantly higher in the Bio 3D group than the silicone group (0.544 ± 0.063 versus 0.396 ± 0.031, respectively; p < 0.01). Conclusions: We confirmed that scaffold-free Bio 3D conduits composed entirely of fibroblast cells promote nerve regeneration in a rat sciatic nerve model.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/efficacy-scaffoldfree-bio-3d-conduit-developed-human-fibroblasts-peripheral-nerve-regeneration-rat-s", "reader_count"=>58, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Engineering"=>16, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>7, "Materials Science"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>16}, "Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>5}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>7}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Japan"=>1, "Malaysia"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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