Increased cerebellar gray matter volume in head chefs
Publication Date
February 09, 2017
Authors
Antonio Cerasa, Alessia Sarica, Iolanda Martino, Carmelo Fabbricatore, et al
Volume
12
Issue
2
Pages
e0171457
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171457
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0171457
Scopus
85012303129
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/increased-cerebellar-gray-matter-volume-head-chefs
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Increased cerebellar gray matter volume in head chefs", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Antonio", "last_name"=>"Cerasa", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507235102"}, {"first_name"=>"Alessia", "last_name"=>"Sarica", "scopus_author_id"=>"55385588600"}, {"first_name"=>"Iolanda", "last_name"=>"Martino", "scopus_author_id"=>"56986337300"}, {"first_name"=>"Carmelo", "last_name"=>"Fabbricatore", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193277443"}, {"first_name"=>"Francesco", "last_name"=>"Tomaiuolo", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701349113"}, {"first_name"=>"Federico", "last_name"=>"Rocca", "scopus_author_id"=>"23989415600"}, {"first_name"=>"Manuela", "last_name"=>"Caracciolo", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603830511"}, {"first_name"=>"Aldo", "last_name"=>"Quattrone", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102299459"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"614362958", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0171457", "sgr"=>"85012303129", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85012303129", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pmid"=>"28182712"}, "id"=>"a38a0b93-9645-3367-87f7-08d379c446df", "abstract"=>"Objective Chefs exert expert motor and cognitive performances on a daily basis. Neuroimaging has clearly shown that that long-term skill learning (i.e., athletes, musicians, chess player or sommeliers) induces plastic changes in the brain thus enabling tasks to be performed faster and more accurately. How a chef's expertise is embodied in a specific neural network has never been investigated. Methods Eleven Italian head chefs with long-term brigade management expertise and 11 demographically-/ psychologically- matched non-experts underwent morphological evaluations. Results Voxel-based analysis performed with SUIT, as well as, automated volumetric measurement assessed with Freesurfer, revealed increased gray matter volume in the cerebellum in chefs compared to non-experts. The most significant changes were detected in the anterior vermis and the posterior cerebellar lobule. The magnitude of the brigade staff and the higher performance in the Tower of London test correlated with these specific gray matter increases, respectively. Conclusions We found that chefs are characterized by an anatomical variability involving the cerebellum. This confirms the role of this region in the development of similar expert brains characterized by learning dexterous skills, such as pianists, rock climbers and basketball players. However, the nature of the cellular events underlying the detected morphological differences remains an open question.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/increased-cerebellar-gray-matter-volume-head-chefs", "reader_count"=>15, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Engineering"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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