Bacterial and viral pathogen spectra of acute respiratory infections in under-5 children in hospital settings in Dhaka city
Publication Date
March 27, 2017
Authors
Golam Sarower Bhuyan, Mohammad Amir Hossain, Suprovath Kumar Sarker, Asifuzzaman Rahat, et al
Volume
12
Issue
3
Pages
e0174488
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174488
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0174488
Scopus
85016425097
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/bacterial-viral-pathogen-spectra-acute-respiratory-infections-under5-children-hospital-settings-dhak
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Bacterial and viral pathogen spectra of acute respiratory infections in under-5 children in hospital settings in Dhaka city", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Golam Sarower", "last_name"=>"Bhuyan", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192066393"}, {"first_name"=>"Mohammad Amir", "last_name"=>"Hossain", "scopus_author_id"=>"56317026100"}, {"first_name"=>"Suprovath Kumar", "last_name"=>"Sarker", "scopus_author_id"=>"55774554200"}, {"first_name"=>"Asifuzzaman", "last_name"=>"Rahat", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193757651"}, {"first_name"=>"Md Tarikul", "last_name"=>"Islam", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403693300"}, {"first_name"=>"Tanjina Noor", "last_name"=>"Haque", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193755520"}, {"first_name"=>"Noorjahan", "last_name"=>"Begum", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193764471"}, {"first_name"=>"Syeda Kashfi", "last_name"=>"Qadri", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192062838"}, {"first_name"=>"A. K.M.", "last_name"=>"Muraduzzaman", "scopus_author_id"=>"56312454000"}, {"first_name"=>"Nafisa Nawal", "last_name"=>"Islam", "scopus_author_id"=>"55561383700"}, {"first_name"=>"Mohammad Sazzadul", "last_name"=>"Islam", "scopus_author_id"=>"55547121492"}, {"first_name"=>"Nusrat", "last_name"=>"Sultana", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193760081"}, {"first_name"=>"Manjur Hossain Khan", "last_name"=>"Jony", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193754971"}, {"first_name"=>"Farhana", "last_name"=>"Khanam", "scopus_author_id"=>"25930852000"}, {"first_name"=>"Golam", "last_name"=>"Mowla", "scopus_author_id"=>"56016665100"}, {"first_name"=>"Abdul", "last_name"=>"Matin", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193765543"}, {"first_name"=>"Firoza", "last_name"=>"Begum", "scopus_author_id"=>"8583105100"}, {"first_name"=>"Tahmina", "last_name"=>"Shirin", "scopus_author_id"=>"23052377700"}, {"first_name"=>"Dilruba", "last_name"=>"Ahmed", "scopus_author_id"=>"26532362400"}, {"first_name"=>"Narayan", "last_name"=>"Saha", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193755514"}, {"first_name"=>"Firdausi", "last_name"=>"Qadri", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005341667"}, {"first_name"=>"Kaiissar", "last_name"=>"Mannoor", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192587240"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"28346512", "sgr"=>"85016425097", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0174488", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85016425097", "pui"=>"615010284", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"9b91edac-5e22-3046-9f10-cc660117456d", "abstract"=>"The study aimed to examine for the first time the spectra of viral and bacterial pathogens along with the antibiotic susceptibility of the isolated bacteria in under-5 children with acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in hospital settings of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Nasal swabs were collected from 200 under-five children hospitalized with clinical signs of ARIs. Nasal swabs from 30 asymptomatic children were also collected. Screening of viral pathogens targeted ten respiratory viruses using RT-qPCR. Bacterial pathogens were identified by bacteriological culture methods and antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates was determined following CLSI guidelines. About 82.5% (n = 165) of specimens were positive for pathogens. Of 165 infected cases, 3% (n = 6) had only single bacterial pathogens, whereas 43.5% (n = 87) cases had only single viral pathogens. The remaining 36% (n = 72) cases had coinfections. In symptomatic cases, human rhinovirus was detected as the predominant virus (31.5%), followed by RSV (31%), HMPV (13%), HBoV (11%), HPIV-3 (10.5%), and adenovirus (7%). Streptococcus pneumoniae was the most frequently isolated bacterial pathogen (9%), whereas Klebsiella pneumaniae, Streptococcus spp., Enterobacter agglomerans, and Haemophilus influenzae were 5.5%, 5%, 2%, and 1.5%, respectively. Of 15 multidrug-resistant bacteria, a Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate and an Enterobacter agglomerans isolate exhibited resistance against more than 10 different antibiotics. Both ARI incidence and predominant pathogen detection rates were higher during post-monsoon and winter, peaking in September. Pathogen detection rates and coinfection incidence in less than 1-year group were significantly higher (P = 0.0034 and 0.049, respectively) than in 1-5 years age group. Pathogen detection rate (43%) in asymptomatic cases was significantly lower compared to symptomatic group (P<0.0001). Human rhinovirus, HPIV-3, adenovirus, Streptococcus pneumonia, and Klebsiella pneumaniae had significant involvement in coinfections with P values of 0.0001, 0.009 and 0.0001, 0.0001 and 0.001 respectively. Further investigations are required to better understand the clinical roles of the isolated pathogens and their seasonality.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/bacterial-viral-pathogen-spectra-acute-respiratory-infections-under5-children-hospital-settings-dhak", "reader_count"=>17, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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