Epstein-Barr virus antibodies in serum and DNA load in saliva are not associated with radiological or clinical disease activity in patients with early multiple sclerosis
Publication Date
April 07, 2017
Authors
René M. Gieß, Catherina Pfuhl, Janina R. Behrens, Ludwig Rasche, et al
Volume
12
Issue
4
Pages
e0175279
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175279
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0175279
Scopus
85017157753
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/epsteinbarr-virus-antibodies-serum-dna-load-saliva-not-associated-radiological-clinical-disease-acti-2
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Epstein-Barr virus antibodies in serum and DNA load in saliva are not associated with radiological or clinical disease activity in patients with early multiple sclerosis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"René M.", "last_name"=>"Gieß", "scopus_author_id"=>"56133953500"}, {"first_name"=>"Catherina", "last_name"=>"Pfuhl", "scopus_author_id"=>"56891648800"}, {"first_name"=>"Janina R.", "last_name"=>"Behrens", "scopus_author_id"=>"56116801100"}, {"first_name"=>"Ludwig", "last_name"=>"Rasche", "scopus_author_id"=>"56891284000"}, {"first_name"=>"Erik", "last_name"=>"Freitag", "scopus_author_id"=>"56643059600"}, {"first_name"=>"Nima", "last_name"=>"Khalighy", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193848940"}, {"first_name"=>"Carolin", "last_name"=>"Otto", "scopus_author_id"=>"55637442900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jens", "last_name"=>"Wuerfel", "scopus_author_id"=>"16833920000"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexander U.", "last_name"=>"Brandt", "scopus_author_id"=>"22950037300"}, {"first_name"=>"Jörg", "last_name"=>"Hofmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103042984"}, {"first_name"=>"Bettina", "last_name"=>"Eberspächer", "scopus_author_id"=>"56891279300"}, {"first_name"=>"Judith", "last_name"=>"Bellmann-Strobl", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506888340"}, {"first_name"=>"Friedemann", "last_name"=>"Paul", "scopus_author_id"=>"57033685900"}, {"first_name"=>"Klemens", "last_name"=>"Ruprecht", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004466220"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0175279", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"28388676", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85017157753", "pui"=>"615215953", "sgr"=>"85017157753"}, "id"=>"526c2593-a82c-380f-b593-dec0b2ef107c", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) and viral capsid antigen (VCA) immunoglobulin (Ig)G antibodies in serum as well as EBV DNA load in saliva with radiological and clinical disease activity in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and early relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). METHODS EBNA-1 and VCA immunoglobulin (Ig)G antibodies were determined in serum of 100 patients with CIS/early RRMS and 60 healthy controls. EBV DNA load was measured in saliva of 48 patients and 50 controls. Patients underwent clinical assessment with the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and after a median of 20 months of follow-up (n = 63 for MRI, n = 71 for EDSS). The association of EBV parameters with occurrence of a second relapse, indicating conversion to clinically definite MS (CDMS), was evaluated over a median of 35 months of follow-up after the first clinical event (n = 89). RESULTS EBNA-1 IgG antibody frequency (p = 0.00005) and EBNA-1 and VCA IgG antibody levels (p<0.0001 for both) were higher in patients than in controls. EBV DNA load in saliva did not differ between groups. Neither EBV antibody levels nor DNA load in saliva were associated with baseline or follow-up number or volume of T2-weighted (T2w) or contrast enhancing lesions, number of Barkhof criteria or the EDSS, or with the number of new T2w lesions, T2w lesion volume change or EDSS change on follow-up. Likewise, levels of EBV IgG antibodies in serum and DNA load in saliva were not associated with conversion to CDMS. CONCLUSIONS While these findings confirm the association of EBV infection with early MS, neither EBNA-1 nor VCA IgG antibodies in serum nor EBV DNA load in saliva were associated with radiological or clinical disease activity in patients with CIS/early RRMS. These data are compatible with the concept that EBV may be a trigger for MS acting very early during the development of the disease.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/epsteinbarr-virus-antibodies-serum-dna-load-saliva-not-associated-radiological-clinical-disease-acti-2", "reader_count"=>8, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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