Variation in the mineral element concentration of Moringa oleifera Lam. and M. stenopetala (Bak. f.) Cuf.: Role in human nutrition
Publication Date
April 07, 2017
Authors
Diriba B Kumssa, Edward Jm Joy, Scott D Young, David W Odee, et al
Volume
12
Issue
4
Pages
e0175503
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175503
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0175503
Scopus
85017149939
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/variation-mineral-element-concentration-moringa-oleifera-lam-m-stenopetala-bak-f-cuf-role-human-nutr
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Variation in the mineral element concentration of Moringa oleifera Lam. and M. stenopetala (Bak. f.) Cuf.: Role in human nutrition", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Diriba B.", "last_name"=>"Kumssa", "scopus_author_id"=>"16637478000"}, {"first_name"=>"Edward J.M.", "last_name"=>"Joy", "scopus_author_id"=>"55332529300"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott D.", "last_name"=>"Young", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404514237"}, {"first_name"=>"David W.", "last_name"=>"Odee", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602798667"}, {"first_name"=>"E. Louise", "last_name"=>"Ander", "scopus_author_id"=>"9238936800"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin R.", "last_name"=>"Broadley", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003414033"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0175503", "sgr"=>"85017149939", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85017149939", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pmid"=>"28388674", "pui"=>"615215908"}, "id"=>"9ab41649-82f1-3b7d-bc06-ac94879d297c", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Moringa oleifera (MO) and M. stenopetala (MS) (family Moringaceae; order Brassicales) are multipurpose tree/shrub species. They thrive under marginal environmental conditions and produce nutritious edible parts. The aim of this study was to determine the mineral composition of different parts of MO and MS growing in their natural environments and their potential role in alleviating human mineral micronutrient deficiencies (MND) in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS Edible parts of MO (n = 146) and MS (n = 50), co-occurring cereals/vegetables and soils (n = 95) underneath their canopy were sampled from localities in southern Ethiopia and Kenya. The concentrations of seven mineral elements, namely, calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), iodine (I), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), selenium (Se), and zinc (Zn) in edible parts and soils were determined using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. RESULTS In Ethiopian crops, MS leaves contained the highest median concentrations of all elements except Cu and Zn, which were greater in Enset (a.k.a., false banana). In Kenya, Mo flowers and MS leaves had the highest median Se concentration of 1.56 mg kg-1 and 3.96 mg kg-1, respectively. The median concentration of Se in MS leaves was 7-fold, 10-fold, 23-fold, 117-fold and 147-fold more than that in brassica leaves, amaranth leaves, baobab fruits, sorghum grain and maize grain, respectively. The median Se concentration was 78-fold and 98-fold greater in MO seeds than in sorghum and maize grain, respectively. There was a strong relationship between soil total Se and potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KH2PO4)-extractable Se, and Se concentration in the leaves of MO and MS. CONCLUSION This study confirms previous studies that Moringa is a good source of several of the measured mineral nutrients, and it includes the first wide assessment of Se and I concentrations in edible parts of MO and MS grown in various localities. Increasing the consumption of MO and MS, especially the leaves as a fresh vegetable or in powdered form, could reduce the prevalence of MNDs, most notably Se deficiency.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/variation-mineral-element-concentration-moringa-oleifera-lam-m-stenopetala-bak-f-cuf-role-human-nutr", "reader_count"=>16, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Chemistry"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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