Ebola virus RNA detection on fomites in close proximity to confirmed Ebola patients; N’Zerekore, Guinea, 2015
Publication Date
May 11, 2017
Authors
Romain Palich, Leonid M. Irenge, Eric Barte De Sainte Fare, Augustin Augier, et al
Volume
12
Issue
5
Pages
e0177350
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177350
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0177350
Scopus
85019159675
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/ebola-virus-rna-detection-fomites-close-proximity-confirmed-ebola-patients-nzerekore-guinea-2015
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Ebola virus RNA detection on fomites in close proximity to confirmed Ebola patients; N'Zerekore, Guinea, 2015", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Romain", "last_name"=>"Palich", "scopus_author_id"=>"57105753700"}, {"first_name"=>"Leonid M.", "last_name"=>"Irenge", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507707707"}, {"first_name"=>"Eric Barte", "last_name"=>"De Sainte Fare", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194195169"}, {"first_name"=>"Augustin", "last_name"=>"Augier", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188658611"}, {"first_name"=>"Denis", "last_name"=>"Malvy", "scopus_author_id"=>"16138420100"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Luc", "last_name"=>"Gala", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006660744"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"28493945", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0177350", "sgr"=>"85019159675", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85019159675", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"616080529"}, "id"=>"314aae7a-f52b-3eaf-be19-e03c5d00b93d", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVE: Health care workers (HCWs) in contact with patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) are exposed to a risk of viral contamination. Fomites contaminated with the patient's blood or body fluids represents this risk. Our study aims to detect Ebola virus (EBOV) RNA within the high- and low-risk areas of an Ebola treatment unit (ETU) located in inland Guinea during the 2014-2015 West African Ebola epidemics. For samples from patients' immediate vicinity, we aim to seek an association between viral RNA detectability and level of plasma viral load of patients (intermediate to high, or very high). METHODS: Swabbing was performed on immediate vicinity of Ebola patients, on surfaces of an ETU, and on personal protective equipment (PPE) of HCWs after patient care and prior to doffing. All samples were assessed by quantitative reverse-transcribed PCR (RT-qPCR). RESULTS: 32% (22/68) of swabs from high-risk areas were tested positive for EBOV RNA, including 42% (18/43) from patients' immediate vicinity, and 16% (4/25) from HCWs PPE. None of specimens from low-risk areas were tested positive (0/19). Swabs were much more often viral RNA positive in the vicinity of patients with a very high plasma viral load (OR 6.7, 95% CI [1.7-23.4]). CONCLUSION: Our findings show the persistence of EBOV RNA in the environment of Ebola patients and of HCWs, in a Guinean ETU, despite strict infection prevention and control measures. This detection raises the possibility that patients' environment could be a potential source of contamination with the virus.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ebola-virus-rna-detection-fomites-close-proximity-confirmed-ebola-patients-nzerekore-guinea-2015", "reader_count"=>6, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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