Geographic distribution of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in wild rats (Rattus rattus) and terrestrial snails in Florida, USA
Publication Date
May 18, 2017
Authors
Heather D. Stockdale Walden, John D. Slapcinsky, Shannon Roff, Jorge Mendieta Calle, et al
Volume
12
Issue
5
Pages
e0177910
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177910
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0177910
Scopus
85019541301
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/geographic-distribution-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-wild-rats-rattus-rattus-terrestrial-snails-flori
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Geographic distribution of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in wild rats (Rattus rattus) and terrestrial snails in Florida, USA", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Heather D.Stockdale", "last_name"=>"Walden", "scopus_author_id"=>"55625715000"}, {"first_name"=>"John D.", "last_name"=>"Slapcinsky", "scopus_author_id"=>"8551284000"}, {"first_name"=>"Shannon", "last_name"=>"Roff", "scopus_author_id"=>"55745003900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jorge Mendieta", "last_name"=>"Calle", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194281767"}, {"first_name"=>"Zakia Diaz", "last_name"=>"Goodwin", "scopus_author_id"=>"57192249016"}, {"first_name"=>"Jere", "last_name"=>"Stern", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194277513"}, {"first_name"=>"Rachel", "last_name"=>"Corlett", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194280275"}, {"first_name"=>"Julia", "last_name"=>"Conway", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194286885"}, {"first_name"=>"Antoinette", "last_name"=>"McIntosh", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202722637"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"616266552", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0177910", "sgr"=>"85019541301", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pmid"=>"28542310", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85019541301"}, "id"=>"5833c37e-8edc-331e-b6dc-a1d639091354", "abstract"=>"The parasitic nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a major cause of eosinophilic men- ingitis in humans, and has been documented in other incidental hosts such as birds, horses, dogs and non-human primates. It is endemic in Hawaii, and there have been sporadic reports in the southern continental United States. This parasite uses rats as definitive hosts and snails as intermediate hosts. In this study, we collected potential definitive and interme- diate hosts throughout Florida to ascertain the geographic distribution in the state: Rats, environmental rat fecal samples, and snails were collected from 18 counties throughout the state. Classical diagnostics and morphological identification, along with molecular tech- niques were used to identify nematode species and confirm the presence of A. cantonensis. Of the 171 Rattus rattus collected, 39 (22.8%) were positive for A. cantonensis, and 6 of the 37 (16.2%) environmental rat fecal samples collected in three of the surveyed counties were also positive for this parasite by real time PCR. Weexamined 1,437 gastropods, which represented 32 species; 27 (1.9%) were positive for A. cantonensis from multiple sites across Florida. Three non-native gastropod species, Bradybaena similaris, Zachrysia provi- soria, and Paropeas achatinaceum, and three native gastropod species, Succinea floridana, Ventridens demissus, and Zonitoides arboreus, which are newly recorded intermediate hosts for the parasite, were positive for A. cantonensis. This study indicates that A. canto- nensis is established in Florida through the finding of adult and larval stages in definitive and intermediate hosts, respectively, throughout the state. The ability for this historically subtrop- ical nematode to thrive in a more temperate climate is alarming, however as the climate changes and average temperatures rise, gastropod distributions will probably expand, lead- ing to the spread of this parasite in more temperate areas. Through greater awareness of host species and prevalence of A. cantonensis in the United States, potential accidental infections may be avoided.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/geographic-distribution-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-wild-rats-rattus-rattus-terrestrial-snails-flori", "reader_count"=>11, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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