Unmanned aircraft systems as a new source of disturbance for wildlife: A systematic review
Publication Date
June 21, 2017
Authors
Margarita Mulero Pázmány, Susanne Jenni Eiermann, Nicolas Strebel, Thomas Sattler, et al
Volume
12
Issue
6
Pages
e0178448
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0178448
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0178448
Scopus
85021126865
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/unmanned-aircraft-systems-new-source-disturbance-wildlife-systematic-review-3
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Unmanned aircraft systems as a new source of disturbance for wildlife: A systematic review", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Margarita", "last_name"=>"Mulero-Pázmány", "scopus_author_id"=>"56094980300"}, {"first_name"=>"Susanne", "last_name"=>"Jenni-Eiermann", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603804968"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicolas", "last_name"=>"Strebel", "scopus_author_id"=>"56159613000"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Sattler", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701673026"}, {"first_name"=>"Juan José", "last_name"=>"Negro", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005076476"}, {"first_name"=>"Zulima", "last_name"=>"Tablado", "scopus_author_id"=>"25628917900"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85021126865", "sgr"=>"85021126865", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0178448", "pui"=>"616879109", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"033500c6-9b5a-3b06-afeb-e61a8774836a", "abstract"=>"The use of small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS; also known as “drones”) for professional and personal-leisure use is increasing enormously. UAS operate at low altitudes (<500 m) and in any terrain, thus they are susceptible to interact with local fauna, generating a new type of anthropogenic disturbance that has not been systematically evaluated. To address this gap, we performed a review of the existent literature about animals’ responses to UAS flights and conducted a pooled analysis of the data to determine the probability and intensity of the disturbance, and to identify the factors influencing animals’ reactions towards the small aircraft. We found that wildlife reactions depended on both the UAS attributes (flight pattern, engine type and size of aircraft) and the characteristics of animals themselves (type of animal, life-history stage and level of aggregation). Target-oriented flight patterns, larger UAS sizes, and fuel-powered (noisier) engines evoked the strongest reactions in wildlife. Animals during the non-breeding period and in large groups were more likely to show behavioral reactions to UAS, and birds are more prone to react than other taxa. We discuss the implications of these results in the context of wildlife disturbance and suggest guidelines for conservationists, users and manufacturers to minimize the impact of UAS. In addition, we propose that the legal framework needs to be adapted so that appropriate actions can be undertaken when wildlife is negatively affected by these emergent practices.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/unmanned-aircraft-systems-new-source-disturbance-wildlife-systematic-review-3", "reader_count"=>42, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Net::HTTPTooManyRequests

Source
Scopus
Time
2019-08-27 19:07:25 UTC
Target URL
https://api.elsevier.com/content/search/index:SCOPUS?query=DOI(10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0178448)
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