Effect of a brief intervention for alcohol and illicit drug use on trauma recidivism in a cohort of trauma patients
Publication Date
August 16, 2017
Authors
Sergio Cordovilla Guardia, Enrique Fernández Mondéjar, Raquel Vilar López, Juan F. Navas, et al
Volume
12
Issue
8
Pages
e0182441
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182441
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0182441
Scopus
85031799329
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/effect-brief-intervention-alcohol-illicit-drug-trauma-recidivism-cohort-trauma-patients-1
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Effect of a brief intervention for alcohol and illicit drug use on trauma recidivism in a cohort of trauma patients", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sergio", "last_name"=>"Cordovilla-Guardia", "scopus_author_id"=>"55260200100"}, {"first_name"=>"Enrique", "last_name"=>"Fernández-Mondéjar", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701762223"}, {"first_name"=>"Raquel", "last_name"=>"Vilar-López", "scopus_author_id"=>"12779975600"}, {"first_name"=>"Juan F.", "last_name"=>"Navas", "scopus_author_id"=>"56235760000"}, {"first_name"=>"Mónica", "last_name"=>"Portillo-Santamaría", "scopus_author_id"=>"57195254191"}, {"first_name"=>"Sergio", "last_name"=>"Rico-Martín", "scopus_author_id"=>"57096038400"}, {"first_name"=>"Pablo", "last_name"=>"Lardelli-Claret", "scopus_author_id"=>"55665999000"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PloS one", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"618863556", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0182441", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85031799329", "pmid"=>"28813444", "sgr"=>"85031799329"}, "id"=>"51147b4e-a3a4-3668-a463-987d27c34ab1", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVE Estimate the effectiveness of brief interventions in reducing trauma recidivism in hospitalized trauma patients who screened positive for alcohol and/or illicit drug use. METHODS Dynamic cohort study based on registry data from 1818 patients included in a screening and brief intervention program for alcohol and illicit drug use for hospitalized trauma patients. Three subcohorts emerged from the data analysis: patients who screened negative, those who screened positive and were offered brief intervention, and those who screened positive and were not offered brief intervention. Follow-up lasted from 10 to 52 months. Trauma-free survival, adjusted hazard rate ratios (aHRR) and adjusted incidence rate ratios (aIRR) were calculated, and complier average causal effect (CACE) analysis was used. RESULTS We found a higher cumulative risk of trauma recidivism in the subcohort who screened positive. In this subcohort, an aHRR of 0.63 (95% CI: 0.41-0.95) was obtained for the group offered brief intervention compared to the group not offered intervention. CACE analysis yielded an estimated 52% reduction in trauma recidivism associated with the brief intervention. CONCLUSION The brief intervention offered during hospitalization in trauma patients positive for alcohol and/or illicit drug use can halve the incidence of trauma recidivism.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effect-brief-intervention-alcohol-illicit-drug-trauma-recidivism-cohort-trauma-patients-1", "reader_count"=>5, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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