The nasal microbiota of dairy farmers is more complex than oral microbiota, reflects occupational exposure, and provides competition for staphylococci
Publication Date
August 29, 2017
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Sanjay K. Shukla, Zhan Ye, Scott Sandberg, Iris Reyes, et al
Volume
12
Issue
8
Pages
e0183898
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0183898
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0183898
Scopus
85029158167
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/nasal-microbiota-dairy-farmers-more-complex-oral-microbiota-reflects-occupational-exposure-provides
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The nasal microbiota of dairy farmers is more complex than oral microbiota, reflects occupational exposure, and provides competition for staphylococci", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sanjay K.", "last_name"=>"Shukla", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202528497"}, {"first_name"=>"Zhan", "last_name"=>"Ye", "scopus_author_id"=>"55549715600"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott", "last_name"=>"Sandberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"57195605183"}, {"first_name"=>"Iris", "last_name"=>"Reyes", "scopus_author_id"=>"56003204500"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas R.", "last_name"=>"Fritsche", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004649695"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew", "last_name"=>"Keifer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003964665"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85029158167", "sgr"=>"85029158167", "pui"=>"618215836", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pmid"=>"28850578", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0183898"}, "id"=>"7c1906a6-f363-3855-b944-e26f8e9bc6f5", "abstract"=>"Allergic and autoimmune diseases had been attributed to lack of exposure to biodiversity, an important factor in regulating immune homeostasis in a healthy host. We posit that the microbiome of healthy dairy farmers (DF) will be richer than non-farmers (NF) living in urban settings due to exposure to a greater biodiversity in the dairy environment. However, no studies have investigated the relationships between microbiota of dairy farmers (DF) com-pared with urban non-farmers (NF). We compared the nasal and oral microbiota of dairy farmers (N_DF, O_DF, respectively) with nasal and oral microbiota of NF in the same geo-graphical area. The N_DF showed high microbial diversity with hundreds of unique genera that reflected environmental/occupational exposures. The nasal and oral microbiomes clus-tered separately from each other using Principal Coordinate Analysis, and with DF harboring two-fold and 1.5-fold greater exclusive genera in their nose and mouth respectively, than did non-farmers. Additionally, the N_DF group had a lower burden of Staphylococcus spp. sug-gesting a correlation between higher microbial diversity and competition for colonization by staphylococci. The N_DF samples were negative for the mecA gene, a marker of methicil-lin-resistance in staphylococci. The lower burden of staphylococci was found to be indepen-dent of the abundance of Corynebacterium spp. Exposure to greater biodiversity could enhance microbial competition, thereby reducing colonization with opportunistic pathogens. Future studies will analyze whether exposure to livestock microbiomes offers protection from acute and chronic diseases.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/nasal-microbiota-dairy-farmers-more-complex-oral-microbiota-reflects-occupational-exposure-provides", "reader_count"=>19, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Chemistry"=>1, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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