Causal illusions in children when the outcome is frequent
Publication Date
September 12, 2017
Authors
María Manuela Moreno Fernández, Fernando Blanco & Helena Matute
Volume
12
Issue
9
Pages
e0184707
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184707
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0184707
Scopus
85029437832
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/causal-illusions-children-outcome-frequent
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Causal illusions in children when the outcome is frequent", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"María Manuela", "last_name"=>"Moreno-Fernández", "scopus_author_id"=>"25653400600"}, {"first_name"=>"Fernando", "last_name"=>"Blanco", "scopus_author_id"=>"35777348200"}, {"first_name"=>"Helena", "last_name"=>"Matute", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603794359"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"85029437832", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0184707", "pui"=>"618254124", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85029437832", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1111111111"}, "id"=>"e99302ae-2614-3454-960c-d20008cd6c08", "abstract"=>"Causal illusions occur when people perceive a causal relation between two events that are actually unrelated. One factor that has been shown to promote these mistaken beliefs is the outcome probability. Thus, people tend to overestimate the strength of a causal relation when the potential consequence (i.e. the outcome) occurs with a high probability (outcomedensity bias). Given that children and adults differ in several important features involved in causal judgment, including prior knowledge and basic cognitive skills, developmental studies can be considered an outstanding approach to detect and further explore the psychological processes and mechanisms underlying this bias. However, the outcome density bias has been mainly explored in adulthood, and no previous evidence for this bias has been reported in children. Thus, the purpose of this study was to extend outcome-density bias research to childhood. In two experiments, children between 6 and 8 years old were exposed to two similar setups, both showing a non-contingent relation between the potential cause and the outcome. These two scenarios differed only in the probability of the outcome, which could either be high or low. Children judged the relation between the two events to be stronger in the high probability of the outcome setting, revealing that, like adults, they develop causal illusions when the outcome is frequent.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/causal-illusions-children-outcome-frequent", "reader_count"=>6, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Psychology"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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