Knowledge of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) among physical and occupational therapists in the United States
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Knowledge of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) among physical and occupational therapists in the United States", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kathleen M.", "last_name"=>"Muldoon", "scopus_author_id"=>"21742996700"}, {"first_name"=>"Amy", "last_name"=>"Armstrong-Heimsoth", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194535105"}, {"first_name"=>"Jodi", "last_name"=>"Thomas", "scopus_author_id"=>"57195972636"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85030627793", "pmid"=>"28976995", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0185635", "pui"=>"618552553", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "sgr"=>"85030627793"}, "id"=>"7ea5ee68-7e6c-350d-9771-c1e6d539c81c", "abstract"=>"Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infections cause more children to have permanent disabilities than Down Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Spina Bifida, and pediatric HIV/AIDS combined. The risk of infection during pregnancy can be significantly decreased using universal precautions, such as thorough handwashing and cleansing of surfaces and objects that have come into contact with infected body fluids. Children under 3 years of age are commonly asymptomatic excretors of CMV, with the highest viral loads present in saliva. Pediatric therapists have regular close contact with young children, and are thus likely at elevated occupational risk of acquiring CMV. Our objective was to evaluate therapist knowledge of cCMV and its transmission. We recruited American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) and American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) members via electronic newsletters and printed flyers from April to September 2015. Participants completed an online, anonymous 24-question survey using Survey Monkey. We compared responses between groups and previously published CMV awareness data using binomial tests of difference of proportions and multiple logistic regression. Our study identified both a low level of therapist awareness and poor demonstrated understanding of cCMV. Self-reported cCMV awareness amongst therapists was greater than awareness in the general population, and equivalent to awareness amongst health care professionals. Whereas 52% of participants self-reported awareness of cCMV, only 18% demonstrated understanding of the behavioral modes of CMV transmission. Fewer therapists reported awareness of cCMV than other, less prevalent conditions. Higher levels of health risk knowledge were associated with greater contact with children. Most participants reported learning about cCMV from the workplace. The knowledge gaps between self-reported awareness of cCMV and demonstrated understanding of modes of transmission described by our results emphasize the need for additional training of therapists. cCMV is preventable, and accurate knowledge of modes of transmission is crucial for the health of practitioners and clients.Copyright © 2017 Muldoon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/knowledge-congenital-cytomegalovirus-ccmv-among-physical-occupational-therapists-united-states", "reader_count"=>16, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Engineering"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Design"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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