Radiographic measurement of the quadriceps angle in dogs
Publication Date
October 12, 2017
Authors
Stefania Pinna & Noemi Romagnoli
Volume
12
Issue
10
Pages
e0185833
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185833
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0185833
Scopus
85031113476
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/radiographic-measurement-quadriceps-angle-dogs
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Radiographic measurement of the quadriceps angle in dogs", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Stefania", "last_name"=>"Pinna", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603070897"}, {"first_name"=>"Noemi", "last_name"=>"Romagnoli", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505915653"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1111111111", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0185833", "pui"=>"618724043", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"85031113476", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85031113476"}, "id"=>"49235479-4ba0-369a-ad7e-e338fac14ea8", "abstract"=>"© 2017 Pinna, Romagnoli. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The direction of the force of the quadriceps muscle group is expressed by the value of the quadriceps angle, between the long axis of the muscle rectus femoris and the patellar ligament. This value is often modified in dogs with patellar luxation, a common orthopaedic disease of the stifle joint in both small and large dogs. The aims of the present study were to give a reference value for the quadriceps angle in healthy small and medium-large breed dogs. The medical records of healthy dogs and their pelvic limb radiographs (2014–2016) were reviewed. The radiographs were then divided into two groups: Group A (small dogs ≤15 kg body weight) and Group B (medium-large dogs ≥15 kg). The quadriceps angle of each pelvic limb was assessed using a digital software program in order to compare values between the two groups. The radiographs of 160 dogs, 80 per group were studied along with the assessment of the 320 pelvic limbs. The median quadriceps angle values obtained were in contrast with the literature: in Group A, it was 18.3 and, in Group B, it was 8.7; moreover, the quadriceps angle value for Group A was statistically higher than for Group B (p≤0.0001). No significant difference was present between males and females, or between right and left hindlimbs. In Group B, the Labrador Retriever breed influenced the quadriceps angle (p = 0.0005). The outcome of this survey provides an objective parameter, or additional information, to explain the different quadriceps mechanisms of small and medium-large dogs. In future studies the QA range values assessed in the two size groups may be useful in defining the magnitude of the malalignment of the extensor mechanism in both healthy dogs and ones with patellar luxation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/radiographic-measurement-quadriceps-angle-dogs", "reader_count"=>2, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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