Methotrexate versus cyclophosphamide for remission maintenance in ANCA-associated vasculitis: A randomised trial
Publication Date
October 10, 2017
Authors
Federica Maritati, Federico Alberici, Elena Oliva, Maria L. Urban, et al
Volume
12
Issue
10
Pages
e0185880
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185880
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0185880
Scopus
85030979285
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/methotrexate-versus-cyclophosphamide-remission-maintenance-ancaassociated-vasculitis-randomised-tria
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Methotrexate versus cyclophosphamide for remission maintenance in ANCA-associated vasculitis: A randomised trial", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Federica", "last_name"=>"Maritati", "scopus_author_id"=>"54407219500"}, {"first_name"=>"Federico", "last_name"=>"Alberici", "scopus_author_id"=>"23567850700"}, {"first_name"=>"Elena", "last_name"=>"Oliva", "scopus_author_id"=>"54405080100"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria L.", "last_name"=>"Urban", "scopus_author_id"=>"55213449000"}, {"first_name"=>"Alessandra", "last_name"=>"Palmisano", "scopus_author_id"=>"23006127400"}, {"first_name"=>"Francesca", "last_name"=>"Santarsia", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196024312"}, {"first_name"=>"Simeone", "last_name"=>"Andrulli", "scopus_author_id"=>"56191979000"}, {"first_name"=>"Laura", "last_name"=>"Pavone", "scopus_author_id"=>"8047861900"}, {"first_name"=>"Alberto", "last_name"=>"Pesci", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005141520"}, {"first_name"=>"Chiara", "last_name"=>"Grasselli", "scopus_author_id"=>"22134225400"}, {"first_name"=>"Rosaria", "last_name"=>"Santi", "scopus_author_id"=>"36772055600"}, {"first_name"=>"Bruno", "last_name"=>"Tumiati", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003822778"}, {"first_name"=>"Lucio", "last_name"=>"Manenti", "scopus_author_id"=>"21833992700"}, {"first_name"=>"Carlo", "last_name"=>"Buzio", "scopus_author_id"=>"56262849100"}, {"first_name"=>"Augusto", "last_name"=>"Vaglio", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701813937"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0185880", "sgr"=>"85030979285", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85030979285", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pmid"=>"29016646", "pui"=>"618693500"}, "id"=>"9d04f4f2-7302-300f-880c-35b9be3824cf", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVES The treatment of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is based on remission-induction and remission-maintenance. Methotrexate is a widely used immunosuppressant but only a few studies explored its role for maintenance in AAV. This trial investigated the efficacy and safety of methotrexate as maintenance therapy for AAV. METHODS In this single-centre, open-label, randomised trial we compared methotrexate and cyclophosphamide for maintenance in AAV. We enrolled patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), the latter with poor-prognosis factors and/or peripheral neuropathy. Remission was induced with cyclophosphamide. At remission, the patients were randomised to receive methotrexate or to continue with cyclophosphamide for 12 months; after treatment, they were followed for another 12 months. The primary end-point was relapse; secondary end-points included renal outcomes and treatment-related toxicity. RESULTS Of the 94 enrolled patients, 23 were excluded during remission-induction or did not achieve remission; the remaining 71 were randomised to cyclophosphamide (n = 33) or methotrexate (n = 38). Relapse frequencies at months 12 and 24 after randomisation were not different between the two groups (p = 1.00 and 1.00). Relapse-free survival was also comparable (log-rank test p = 0.99). No differences in relapses were detected between the two treatments when GPA+MPA and EGPA were analysed separately. There were no differences in eGFR at months 12 and 24; proteinuria declined significantly (from diagnosis to month 24) only in the cyclophosphamide group (p = 0.0007). No significant differences in adverse event frequencies were observed. CONCLUSIONS MTX may be effective and safe for remission-maintenance in AAV. TRIAL REGISTRATION clinicaltrials.gov NCT00751517.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/methotrexate-versus-cyclophosphamide-remission-maintenance-ancaassociated-vasculitis-randomised-tria", "reader_count"=>13, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>11}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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