Do black lives matter in public health research and training?
Publication Date
October 10, 2017
Authors
Molly Rosenberg, Shabbar I. Ranapurwala, Ashley Townes & Angela M. Bengtson
Volume
12
Issue
10
Pages
e0185957
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185957
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0185957
Scopus
85031040331
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/black-lives-matter-public-health-research-training
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Do black lives matter in public health research and training?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Molly", "last_name"=>"Rosenberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"36667249200"}, {"first_name"=>"Shabbar I.", "last_name"=>"Ranapurwala", "scopus_author_id"=>"55251759400"}, {"first_name"=>"Ashley", "last_name"=>"Townes", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196020722"}, {"first_name"=>"Angela M.", "last_name"=>"Bengtson", "scopus_author_id"=>"55559032200"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pui"=>"618693472", "sgr"=>"85031040331", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0185957", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85031040331", "pmid"=>"29016639"}, "id"=>"da2aec55-724b-3aaa-8fbd-95de2a735989", "abstract"=>"Objective To examine whether investments made in public health research align with the health burdens experienced by white and black Americans. Methods In this cross-sectional study of all deaths in the United States in 2015, we compared the distribution of potential years of life lost (PYLL) across 39 causes of death by race and identified key differences. We examined the relationship between cause-of-death-specific PYLL and key indicators of public health investment (federal funding and number of publications) by race using linear spline models. We also compared the number of courses available at the top schools of public health relevant to the top causes of death contributor to PYLL for black and white Americans. Results Homicide was the number one contributor to PYLL among black Americans, while ischemic heart disease was the number one contributor to PYLL among white Americans. Firearm-related violence accounted for 88% of black PYLL attributed to homicide and 71% of white PYLL attributed to homicide. Despite the high burden of PYLL, homicide research was the focus of few federal grants or publications. In comparison, ischemic heart disease garnered 341 grants and 594 publications. The number of public health courses available relevant to homicide (n = 9) was similar to those relevant to ischemic heart disease (n = 10). Conclusions Black Americans are disproportionately affected by homicide, compared to white Americans. For both black and white Americans, the majority of PYLL due to homicide are firearm-related. Yet, homicide research is dramatically underrepresented in public health research investments in terms of grant funding and publications, despite available public health training opportunities. If left unchecked, the observed disproportionate distribution of investments in public health resources threatens to perpetuate a system that disadvantages black Americans.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/black-lives-matter-public-health-research-training", "reader_count"=>4, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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