Exams disadvantage women in introductory biology
Publication Date
October 19, 2017
Authors
Cissy J. Ballen, Shima Salehi & Sehoya Cotner
Volume
12
Issue
10
Pages
e0186419
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186419
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0186419
Scopus
85031741894
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/exams-disadvantage-women-introductory-biology
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Exams disadvantage women in introductory biology", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Cissy J.", "last_name"=>"Ballen", "scopus_author_id"=>"55038166600"}, {"first_name"=>"Shima", "last_name"=>"Salehi", "scopus_author_id"=>"54795917900"}, {"first_name"=>"Sehoya", "last_name"=>"Cotner", "scopus_author_id"=>"24328483200"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0186419", "sgr"=>"85031741894", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85031741894", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pui"=>"618802957"}, "id"=>"3de6ba43-da56-3fc5-8e62-25e0f824be8d", "abstract"=>"The gender gap in STEM fields has prompted a great deal of discussion, but what factors underlie performance deficits remain poorly understood. We show that female students underperformed on exams compared to their male counterparts across ten large introduc-tory biology course sections in fall 2016 (N > 1500 students). Females also reported higher levels of test anxiety and course-relevant science interest. Results from mediation analyses revealed an intriguing pattern: for female students only, and regardless of their academic standing, test anxiety negatively impacted exam performance, while interest in the course-specific science topics increased exam performance. Thus, instructors seeking equitable classrooms can aim to decrease test anxiety and increase student interest in science course content. We provide strategies for mitigating test anxiety and suggestions for alignment of course content with student interest, with the hope of successfully reimagining the STEM pathway as one that is equally accessible to all.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/exams-disadvantage-women-introductory-biology", "reader_count"=>28, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Physics and Astronomy"=>4, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>5, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>4}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/85031741894"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/85031741894?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85031741894&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85031741894&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/85031741894", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:85031741894", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-85031741894", "dc:title"=>"Exams disadvantage women in introductory biology", "dc:creator"=>"Ballen C.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"12", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"10", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2017-10-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"October 2017", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0186419", "citedby-count"=>"18", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Minnesota Twin Cities", "affiliation-city"=>"Minneapolis", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"29049334", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0186419", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"160", "xml_views"=>"14", "html_views"=>"3819"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"87", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"971"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"435"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"351"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"55", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"49", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}

PMC Usage Stats

  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"29", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts