The effects of epidermal fatty acid profiles, 1-oleoglycerol, and triacylglycerols on the susceptibility of hibernating bats to Pseudogymnoascus destructans
Publication Date
October 27, 2017
Authors
Melissa R. Ingala, Rebecca E. Ravenelle, Johanna J. Monro & Craig L. Frank
Volume
12
Issue
10
Pages
e0187195
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187195
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0187195
Scopus
85032499005
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-epidermal-fatty-acid-profiles-1oleoglycerol-triacylglycerols-susceptibility-hibernating-bats
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The effects of epidermal fatty acid profiles, 1-oleoglycerol, and triacylglycerols on the susceptibility of hibernating bats to Pseudogymnoascus destructans", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Melissa R.", "last_name"=>"Ingala", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188804265"}, {"first_name"=>"Rebecca E.", "last_name"=>"Ravenelle", "scopus_author_id"=>"55773259500"}, {"first_name"=>"Johanna J.", "last_name"=>"Monro", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196279338"}, {"first_name"=>"Craig L.", "last_name"=>"Frank", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201796205"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85032499005", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0187195", "sgr"=>"85032499005", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pmid"=>"29077745", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"618960077"}, "id"=>"aa17bfa9-af4d-3e66-9a23-781a2255fb08", "abstract"=>"White Nose Syndrome (WNS) greatly increases the over-winter mortality of little brown (Myotis lucifugus), Indiana (M. sodalis), northern (M. septentrionalis), and tricolored (Perimyotis subflavus) bats, and is caused by cutaneous infections with Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd). Big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) are highly resistant to Pd infections. Seven different fatty acids (myristic, pentadecanoic, palmitic, palmitoleic, oleic, and, linoleic acids) occur in the wing epidermis of both M. lucifugus and E. fuscus, 4 of which (myristic, palmitoleic, oleic, and, linoleic acids) inhibit Pd growth. The amounts of myristic and linoleic acids in the epidermis of M. lucifugus decrease during hibernation, thus we predicted that the epidermal fatty acid profile of M. lucifugus during hibernation has a reduced ability to inhibit Pd growth. Laboratory Pd growth experiments were conducted to test this hypothesis. The results demonstrated that the fatty acid profile of M. lucifugus wing epidermis during hibernation has a reduced ability to inhibit the growth of Pd. Additional Pd growth experiments revealed that: a) triacylglycerols composed of known anti-Pd fatty acids do not significantly affect growth, b) pentadecanoic acid inhibits Pd growth, and c) 1-oleoglycerol, which is found in the wing epidermis of E. fuscus, also inhibits the growth of this fungus. Analyses of white adipose from M. lucifugus also revealed the selective retention of oleic and linoleic acids in this tissue during hibernation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-epidermal-fatty-acid-profiles-1oleoglycerol-triacylglycerols-susceptibility-hibernating-bats", "reader_count"=>6, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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