The effectiveness of smoking cessation, physical activity/diet and alcohol reduction interventions delivered by mobile phones for the prevention of non-communicable diseases: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials
Publication Date
January 05, 2018
Authors
Melissa Palmer, Jennifer Sutherland, Sharmani Barnard, Aileen Wynne, et al
Volume
13
Issue
1
Pages
e0189801
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189801
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0189801
Scopus
85040115978
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/effectiveness-smoking-cessation-physical-activitydiet-alcohol-reduction-interventions-delivered-mobi
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The effectiveness of smoking cessation, physical activity/diet and alcohol reduction interventions delivered by mobile phones for the prevention of non-communicable diseases: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials", "type"=>"generic", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Melissa", "last_name"=>"Palmer", "scopus_author_id"=>"55989881900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer", "last_name"=>"Sutherland", "scopus_author_id"=>"55805663800"}, {"first_name"=>"Sharmani", "last_name"=>"Barnard", "scopus_author_id"=>"57100559800"}, {"first_name"=>"Aileen", "last_name"=>"Wynne", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200195511"}, {"first_name"=>"Emma", "last_name"=>"Rezel", "scopus_author_id"=>"57191308148"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew", "last_name"=>"Doel", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200193016"}, {"first_name"=>"Lily", "last_name"=>"Grigsby-Duffy", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200139220"}, {"first_name"=>"Suzanne", "last_name"=>"Edwards", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200189184"}, {"first_name"=>"Sophie", "last_name"=>"Russell", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200193714"}, {"first_name"=>"Ellie", "last_name"=>"Hotopf", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200192856"}, {"first_name"=>"Pablo", "last_name"=>"Perel", "scopus_author_id"=>"14631128400"}, {"first_name"=>"Caroline", "last_name"=>"Free", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006967593"}], "year"=>2018, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"620083167", "pmid"=>"29304148", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0189801", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85040115978", "sgr"=>"85040115978", "isbn"=>"1111111111"}, "id"=>"98b4d808-6b07-3056-9ad0-66c2e21c70d1", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND We conducted a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of smoking cessation, physical activity (PA), diet, and alcohol reduction interventions delivered by mobile technology to prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDs). METHODS We searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of mobile-based NCD prevention interventions using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, CINAHL (Jan 1990-Jan 2016). Two authors extracted data. FINDINGS 71 trials were included: smoking cessation (n = 18); PA (n = 15), diet (n = 3), PA and diet (n = 25); PA, diet, and smoking cessation (n = 2); and harmful alcohol consumption (n = 8). 4 trials had low risk of bias. The effect of SMS-based smoking cessation support on biochemically verified continuous abstinence was pooled relative risk [RR] 2.19 [95% CI 1.80-2.68], I2 = 0%) and on verified 7 day point prevalence of smoking cessation was pooled RR 1.51 [95% CI 1.06-2.15], I2 = 0%, with no reported adverse events. There was no difference in peak oxygen intake at 3 months in a trial of an SMS-based PA intervention. The effect of SMS-based diet and PA interventions on: incidence of diabetes was pooled RR 0.67 [95% CI 0.49, 0.90], I2 = 0.0%; end-point weight was pooled MD -0.99Kg [95% CI -3.63, 1.64] I2 = 29.4%; % change in weight was pooled MD -3.1 [95%CI -4.86- -1.3] I2 0.3%; and on triglyceride levels was pooled MD -0.19 mmol/L [95% CI -0.29, -0.08], I2 = 0.0%. The results of other pooled analyses of the effect of SMS-based diet and PA interventions were heterogenous (I2 59-90%). The effects of alcohol reduction interventions were inconclusive. CONCLUSIONS Smoking cessation support delivered by SMS increases quitting rates. Trials of PA interventions reporting outcomes ≥3 months showed no benefits. There were at best modest benefits of diet and PA interventions. The effects of the most promising SMS-based smoking, diet and PA interventions on morbidity and mortality in high-risk groups should be established in adequately powered RCTs.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effectiveness-smoking-cessation-physical-activitydiet-alcohol-reduction-interventions-delivered-mobi", "reader_count"=>20, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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