The obesity epidemic and rising diabetes incidence in a low-income racially diverse southern US cohort
Publication Date
January 11, 2018
Authors
Baqiyyah N. Conway, Xijing Han, Heather M. Munro, Amy L. Gross, et al
Volume
13
Issue
1
Pages
e0190993
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190993
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0190993
Scopus
85040320228
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/obesity-epidemic-rising-diabetes-incidence-lowincome-racially-diverse-southern-cohort
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The obesity epidemic and rising diabetes incidence in a low-income racially diverse southern US cohort", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Baqiyyah N.", "last_name"=>"Conway", "scopus_author_id"=>"22952677900"}, {"first_name"=>"Xijing", "last_name"=>"Han", "scopus_author_id"=>"55790532800"}, {"first_name"=>"Heather M.", "last_name"=>"Munro", "scopus_author_id"=>"8988692300"}, {"first_name"=>"Amy L.", "last_name"=>"Gross", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200220990"}, {"first_name"=>"Xiao Ou", "last_name"=>"Shu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56400128500"}, {"first_name"=>"Margaret K.", "last_name"=>"Hargreaves", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102677786"}, {"first_name"=>"Wei", "last_name"=>"Zheng", "scopus_author_id"=>"35381589100"}, {"first_name"=>"Alvin C.", "last_name"=>"Powers", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005770742"}, {"first_name"=>"William J.", "last_name"=>"Blot", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102114492"}], "year"=>2018, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0190993", "sgr"=>"85040320228", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85040320228", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pmid"=>"29324894", "pui"=>"620160358"}, "id"=>"e299934e-a263-3fcc-822b-fdf30340d567", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Obesity is known to be a major risk factor for diabetes, but the magnitude of risk and variation between blacks and whites are less well documented in populations heavily affected by obesity. Herein we assess rates and risks of incident diabetes in a diverse southern population where obesity is common. METHODS A total of 24,000 black and 14,064 white adults aged 40-79 in the Southern Community Cohort Study with no self-reported diabetes at study enrollment during 2002-2009 was followed for up to 10 (median 4.5) years. Incidence rates, odds ratios (OR) and accompanying 95% confidence intervals (CI) for medication-treated incident diabetes were determined according to body mass index (BMI) and other characteristics, including tobacco and alcohol consumption, healthy eating and physical activity indices, and socioeconomic status (SES). RESULTS Risk of incident diabetes rose monotonically with increasing BMI, but the trends differed between blacks and whites (pinteraction < .0001). Adjusted ORs (CIs) for diabetes among those with BMI≥40 vs 20-25 kg/m2 were 11.9 (8.4-16.8) for whites and 4.0 (3.3-4.8) for blacks. Diabetes incidence was more than twice as high among blacks than whites of normal BMI, but the racial difference became attenuated as BMI rose, with estimated 5-year probabilities of developing diabetes approaching 20% for both blacks and whites with BMI≥40 kg/m2. Diabetes risk was also associated with low SES, significantly (pinteraction≤.02) more so for whites, current cigarette smoking, and lower healthy eating and physical activity indices, although high BMI remained the predominant risk factor among both blacks and whites. From baseline prevalence and 20-year projections of the incidence trends, we estimate that the large majority of surviving cohort participants with BMI≥40 kg/m2 will be diagnosed with diabetes. CONCLUSIONS Even using conservative criteria to ascertain diabetes incidence (i.e., requiring diabetes medication use and ignoring undiagnosed cases), rates of obesity-associated diabetes were exceptionally high in this low-income adult population. The findings indicate that effective strategies to halt the rising prevalence of obesity are needed to avoid substantial increases in diabetes in coming years.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/obesity-epidemic-rising-diabetes-incidence-lowincome-racially-diverse-southern-cohort", "reader_count"=>17, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Lecturer"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Lecturer"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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