Contexts of vulnerability and the acceptability of new biomedical HIV prevention technologies among key populations in South Africa: A qualitative study
Publication Date
February 08, 2018
Authors
Millicent Atujuna, Peter A. Newman, Melissa Wallace, Megan Eluhu, et al
Volume
13
Issue
2
Pages
e0191251
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191251
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0191251
Scopus
85041953558
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/contexts-vulnerability-acceptability-new-biomedical-hiv-prevention-technologies-among-key-population
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Contexts of vulnerability and the acceptability of new biomedical HIV prevention technologies among key populations in South Africa: A qualitative study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Millicent", "last_name"=>"Atujuna", "scopus_author_id"=>"37025481500"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter A.", "last_name"=>"Newman", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202400293"}, {"first_name"=>"Melissa", "last_name"=>"Wallace", "scopus_author_id"=>"55842988900"}, {"first_name"=>"Megan", "last_name"=>"Eluhu", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200625473"}, {"first_name"=>"Clara", "last_name"=>"Rubincam", "scopus_author_id"=>"35146686700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ben", "last_name"=>"Brown", "scopus_author_id"=>"56117696400"}, {"first_name"=>"Linda Gail", "last_name"=>"Bekker", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003924915"}], "year"=>2018, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"620606935", "pmid"=>"127877357", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0191251", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85041953558", "sgr"=>"85041953558", "isbn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"c6d52430-623a-36ca-a9df-e3f4340cc4d6", "abstract"=>"Background: New biomedical prevention technologies (NPTs) may contribute to substantially reducing incident HIV infections globally. We explored acceptability and preferences for NPTs among key and other vulnerable populations in two South African townships. Methods: We conducted six focus groups and 12 in-depth interviews with adolescents, and adult heterosexual men, women, and men who have sex with men (MSM) (n = 48), and eight in-depth interviews with key informant healthcare workers. The interview guide described pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), vaginal rings, rectal microbicides and HIV vaccines, and explored acceptability and product preferences. Focus groups and in-depth interviews (45–80 minutes) were conducted in Xhosa, audiotaped, and transcribed and translated into English. Data were coded and reviewed using framework analysis with NVivo software. Results: Overall, initial enthusiasm and willingness to use NPTs evolved into concerns about how particular NPTs might affect or require alterations in one’s everyday lifestyle and practices. Different product preferences and motivations emerged by population based on similarity to existing practices and contexts of vulnerability. Adult women and female adolescents preferred a vaginal ring and HIV vaccine, motivated by longer duration of protection to mitigate feared repercussions from male partners, including threats to their marriage and safety, and a context of ubiquitous rape. Male adolescents preferred an HIV vaccine, seen as protection in serodiscordant relationships and convenient in obviating the HIV stigma and cost involved in buying condoms. Adult men preferred PrEP, given familiarity with oral medications and mistrust of injections, seen as enabling serodiscordant couples to have a child. MSM preferred a rectal microbicide given familiarity with gel-based lubricants, with concerns about duration of protection in the context of unplanned consensual sex and rape. Conclusions: Biomedical interventions to prevent HIV transmission, rather than obviating social-structural factors that produce vulnerability, may be limited by these same factors. Implementation of NPTs should engage local communities to understand real-world constraints and strategise to deliver effective, multi-level combination prevention. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of PLoS ONE is the property of Public Library of Science and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/contexts-vulnerability-acceptability-new-biomedical-hiv-prevention-technologies-among-key-population", "reader_count"=>35, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>7, "Professor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>7, "Professor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Psychology"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>8, "Arts and Humanities"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>8}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>6}}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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