A short educational intervention diminishes causal illusions and specific paranormal beliefs in undergraduates
Publication Date
January 31, 2018
Authors
Itxaso Barberia, Elisabet Tubau, Helena Matute & Javier Rodríguez Ferreiro
Volume
13
Issue
1
Pages
e0191907
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191907
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0191907
Scopus
85041219001
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/short-educational-intervention-diminishes-causal-illusions-specific-paranormal-beliefs-undergraduate
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A short educational intervention diminishes causal illusions and specific paranormal beliefs in undergraduates", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Itxaso", "last_name"=>"Barberia", "scopus_author_id"=>"24472859600"}, {"first_name"=>"Elisabet", "last_name"=>"Tubau", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603433666"}, {"first_name"=>"Helena", "last_name"=>"Matute", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603794359"}, {"first_name"=>"Javier", "last_name"=>"Rodríguez-Ferreiro", "scopus_author_id"=>"6504094373"}], "year"=>2018, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85041219001", "sgr"=>"85041219001", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0191907", "pui"=>"620393483", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"8ffc7a01-6a45-38bd-896b-0b5408c0b371", "abstract"=>"Cognitive biases such as causal illusions have been related to paranormal and pseudosci- entific beliefs and, thus, pose a real threat to the development of adequate critical thinking abilities. Weaimed to reduce causal illusions in undergraduates by means of an educational intervention combining training-in-bias and training-in-rules techniques. First, participants directly experienced situations that tend to induce the Barnum effect and the confirmation bias. Thereafter, these effects were explained and examples of their influence over every- day life were provided. Compared to a control group, participants who received the interven- tion showed diminished causal illusions in a contingency learning task and a decrease in the precognition dimension of a paranormal belief scale. Overall, results suggest that evidence- based educational interventions like the one presented here could be used to significantly improve critical thinking skills in our students.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/short-educational-intervention-diminishes-causal-illusions-specific-paranormal-beliefs-undergraduate", "reader_count"=>14, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Psychology"=>11}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>11}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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