Tree cover and species composition effects on academic performance of primary school students
Publication Date
February 23, 2018
Authors
Sivajanani Sivarajah, Sandy M. Smith & Sean C. Thomas
Volume
13
Issue
2
Pages
e0193254
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193254
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0193254
Scopus
85042521606
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/tree-cover-species-composition-effects-academic-performance-primary-school-students-1
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Tree cover and species composition effects on academic performance of primary school students", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sivajanani", "last_name"=>"Sivarajah", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200859260"}, {"first_name"=>"Sandy M.", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"35457540400"}, {"first_name"=>"Sean C.", "last_name"=>"Thomas", "scopus_author_id"=>"57198932105"}], "year"=>2018, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0193254", "sgr"=>"85042521606", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"620809415", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pmid"=>"29474503", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85042521606"}, "id"=>"af282edb-010f-3149-a233-cb5e5b3f7e1e", "abstract"=>"Human exposure to green space and vegetation is widely recognized to result in physical and mental health benefits; however, to date, the specific effects of tree cover, diversity, and species composition on student academic performance have not been investigated. We compiled standardized performance scores in Grades 3 and 6 for the collective student body in 387 schools across the Toronto District School Board (TDSB), and examined variation in relation to tree cover, tree diversity, and tree species composition based on comprehensive inventories of trees on school properties combined with aerial-photo-based assessments of tree cover. Analyses accounted for variation due to socioeconomic factors using the learning opportunity index (LOI), a regional composite index of external challenges to learning that incorporates income and other factors, such as students with English as a second language. As expected, LOI had the greatest influence on student academic performance; however, the proportion of tree cover, as distinct from other types of \"green space\" such as grass, was found to be a significant positive predictor of student performance, accounting for 13% of the variance explained in a statistical model predicting mean student performance assessments. The effects of tree cover and species composition were most pronounced in schools that showed the highest level of external challenges, suggesting the importance of urban forestry investments in these schools.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/tree-cover-species-composition-effects-academic-performance-primary-school-students-1", "reader_count"=>12, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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