Assessment of genetic diversity, population structure, and gene flow of tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) across Nepal's Terai Arc Landscape
Publication Date
March 21, 2018
Authors
Kanchan Thapa, Sulochana Manandhar, Manisha Bista, Jivan Shakya, et al
Volume
13
Issue
3
Pages
e0193495
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193495
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0193495
Scopus
85044337992
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/assessment-genetic-diversity-population-structure-gene-flow-tigers-panthera-tigris-tigris-across-nep-2
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Assessment of genetic diversity, population structure, and gene flow of tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) across Nepal’s Terai Arc Landscape", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kanchan", "last_name"=>"Thapa", "scopus_author_id"=>"51663966400"}, {"first_name"=>"Sulochana", "last_name"=>"Manandhar", "scopus_author_id"=>"12766941700"}, {"first_name"=>"Manisha", "last_name"=>"Bista", "scopus_author_id"=>"56830365500"}, {"first_name"=>"Jivan", "last_name"=>"Shakya", "scopus_author_id"=>"56888622600"}, {"first_name"=>"Govind", "last_name"=>"Sah", "scopus_author_id"=>"57201322424"}, {"first_name"=>"Maheshwar", "last_name"=>"Dhakal", "scopus_author_id"=>"54779569400"}, {"first_name"=>"Netra", "last_name"=>"Sharma", "scopus_author_id"=>"57201325358"}, {"first_name"=>"Bronwyn", "last_name"=>"Llewellyn", "scopus_author_id"=>"57201320648"}, {"first_name"=>"Claudia", "last_name"=>"Wultsch", "scopus_author_id"=>"56155959000"}, {"first_name"=>"Lisette P.", "last_name"=>"Waits", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701328434"}, {"first_name"=>"Marcella J.", "last_name"=>"Kelly", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403314586"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Marc", "last_name"=>"Hero", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603725974"}, {"first_name"=>"Jane", "last_name"=>"Hughes", "scopus_author_id"=>"56829907900"}, {"first_name"=>"Dibesh", "last_name"=>"Karmacharya", "scopus_author_id"=>"49861441000"}], "year"=>2018, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0193495", "sgr"=>"85044337992", "pui"=>"621329528", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85044337992", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1111111111"}, "id"=>"e539f9e6-84c2-3ef9-94a4-b4d2830961a1", "abstract"=>"With fewer than 200 tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) left in Nepal, that are generally confined to five protected areas across the Terai Arc Landscape, genetic studies are needed to provide crucial information on diversity and connectivity for devising an effective country-wide tiger conservation strategy. As part of the Nepal Tiger Genome Project, we studied landscape change, genetic variation, population structure, and gene flow of tigers across the Terai Arc Landscape by conducting Nepal’s first comprehensive and systematic scat-based, non-invasive genetic survey. Of the 770 scat samples collected opportunistically from five protected areas and six presumed corridors, 412 were tiger (57%). Out of ten microsatellite loci, we retain eight markers that were used in identifying 78 individual tigers. We used this dataset to examine population structure, genetic variation, contemporary gene flow, and potential population bottlenecks of tigers in Nepal. We detected three genetic clusters consistent with three demographic sub-populations and found moderate levels of genetic variation (He = 0.61, AR = 3.51) and genetic differentiation (FST = 0.14) across the landscape. We detected 3–7 migrants, confirming the potential for dispersal-mediated gene flow across the landscape. We found evidence of a bottleneck signature likely caused by large-scale land-use change documented in the last two centuries in the Terai forest. Securing tiger habitat including functional forest corridors is essential to enhance gene flow across the landscape and ensure long-term tiger survival. This requires cooperation among multiple stakeholders and careful conservation planning to prevent detrimental effects of anthropogenic activities on tigers.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/assessment-genetic-diversity-population-structure-gene-flow-tigers-panthera-tigris-tigris-across-nep-2", "reader_count"=>8, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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