The Role of Innate Immune Responses in the Outcome of Interspecies Competition for Colonization of Mucosal Surfaces
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{"title"=>"The role of innate immune responses in the outcome of interspecies competition for colonization of mucosal surfaces", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Elena S.", "last_name"=>"Lysenko", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005617690"}, {"first_name"=>"Adam J.", "last_name"=>"Ratner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103141291"}, {"first_name"=>"Aaron L.", "last_name"=>"Nelson", "scopus_author_id"=>"56241410800"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeffrey N.", "last_name"=>"Weiser", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102321730"}], "year"=>2005, "source"=>"PLoS Pathogens", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"16201010", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77951051419", "issn"=>"15537366", "pui"=>"358648282", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.ppat.0010001", "isbn"=>"1553-7366 (Print)\\r1553-7366 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"77951051419"}, "id"=>"07972e6d-5cba-32aa-9dad-9db131129d86", "abstract"=>"Since mucosal surfaces may be simultaneously colonized by multiple species, the success of an organism may be determined by its ability to compete with co-inhabitants of its niche. To explore the contribution of host factors to polymicrobial competition, a murine model was used to study the initiation of colonization by Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Both bacterial species, which occupy a similar microenvironment within the nasopharynx, persisted during colonization when given individually. Co-colonization, however, resulted in rapid clearance of S. pneumoniae from the upper respiratory tract, associated with increased recruitment of neutrophils into paranasal spaces. Systemic depletion of either neutrophil-like cells or complement was sufficient to eliminate this competitive effect, indicating that clearance was likely due to enhanced opsonophagocytic killing. The hypothesis that modulation of opsonophagocytic activity was responsible for host-mediated competition was tested using in vitro killing assays with elicited neutrophil-like cells. Components of H. influenzae (but not S. pneumoniae) stimulated complement-dependent phagocytic killing of S. pneumoniae. Thus, the recruitment and activation of neutrophils through selective microbial pattern recognition may underlie the H. influenzae-induced clearance of S. pneumoniae. This study demonstrates how innate immune responses may mediate competitive interactions between species and dictate the composition of the colonizing flora.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/role-innate-immune-responses-outcome-interspecies-competition-colonization-mucosal-surfaces", "reader_count"=>149, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>43, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>22, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>10}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>43, "Student > Postgraduate"=>8, "Student > Master"=>22, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>10}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>76, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Chemistry"=>3, "Computer Science"=>2, "Engineering"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Mathematics"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>26, "Psychology"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>13}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>26}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>13}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>76}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>4, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Kenya"=>2, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>10}

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  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/961918"], "description"=>"<p>Representative sections are shown for BALB/c SCID mice mock colonized (A) or co-colonized with <i>H. influenzae</i> strain <i>Hi</i>636 and <i>S. pneumoniae</i> strain <i>Sp</i>1121 (B); C3H/HeOuJ mice mock colonized (C) or co-colonized with <i>Hi</i>636 and <i>Sp</i>1121 (D). Arrows indicate cells infiltrating into the lumen of nasal spaces in co-colonized mice. Under higher magnification these cells have the morphologic appearance of neutrophils. Magnification, 400× (insert magnification, 1,000×).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parasagittal", "sections", "luminal", "adjacent", "nasal"], "article_id"=>631904, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine", "Immunology"], "users"=>["Elena S Lysenko", "Adam J Ratner", "Aaron L Nelson", "Jeffrey N Weiser"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0010001.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_H_amp_E_Stained_Parasagittal_Sections_Showing_the_Luminal_Space_between_Two_Adjacent_Nasal_Turbinates_/631904", "title"=>"H&E-Stained Parasagittal Sections Showing the Luminal Space between Two Adjacent Nasal Turbinates", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 09:00:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/961769"], "description"=>"<p>BALB/c SCID mice were co-colonized with <i>Hi</i>636 and <i>Sp</i>1121, and at 24 h post-inoculation adjacent 5-μm frozen parasagittal tissue sections through the lateral nasal spaces of the same animals were stained with anti-capsular polysaccharide serum specific to type b <i>H. influenzae</i> (A), type 23F <i>S. pneumoniae</i> (B), or secondary antibody control with no primary antibody (C). Magnification, 400×.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["co-localization", "murine"], "article_id"=>631756, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine", "Immunology"], "users"=>["Elena S Lysenko", "Adam J Ratner", "Aaron L Nelson", "Jeffrey N Weiser"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0010001.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Immunofluorescence_Showing_Co_Localization_of_H_influenzae_and_S_pneumoniae_in_the_Murine_Nasopharynx_/631756", "title"=>"Immunofluorescence Showing Co-Localization of <i>H. influenzae</i> and <i>S. pneumoniae</i> in the Murine Nasopharynx", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 08:59:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/961825"], "description"=>"<p>The density of <i>H. influenzae</i> strain <i>Hi</i>636 <i>(Hi)</i> and <i>S. pneumoniae</i> strain <i>Sp</i>1121 <i>(Sp)</i> in upper respiratory tract lavage was determined at 24 h after intranasal inoculation of C3H/HeOuJ mice. Box-and-whiskers plot indicates high and low values, median, and interquartile ranges; <i>n</i> ≥ 10 in each group. Co-inoculated species shown in parentheses. The lower limit of detection for bacteria in lavage culture was 10<sup>2</sup> CFU/ml.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["co-colonization", "immunocompetent"], "article_id"=>631815, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine", "Immunology"], "users"=>["Elena S Lysenko", "Adam J Ratner", "Aaron L Nelson", "Jeffrey N Weiser"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0010001.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Competition_between_Species_during_Co_Colonization_of_Immunocompetent_Mice_/631815", "title"=>"Competition between Species during Co-Colonization of Immunocompetent Mice", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 08:59:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/962225"], "description"=>"<p>The density of <i>H. influenzae</i> strain <i>Hi</i>636 <i>(Hi)</i> and <i>S. pneumoniae</i> strain <i>Sp</i>1121 <i>(Sp)</i> in upper respiratory tract lavage was determined at 24 h after intranasal inoculation in C3H/HeOuJ mice pretreated with cobra venom factor (CoVF) to deplete complement or PBS control. Box-and-whiskers plot indicates high and low values, median, and interquartile ranges; <i>n ≥</i> 5 in each group. Co-inoculated species shown in parentheses. The lower limit of detection for bacteria in lavage culture was 10<sup>2</sup> CFU/ml.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["complement", "depletion"], "article_id"=>632212, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine", "Immunology"], "users"=>["Elena S Lysenko", "Adam J Ratner", "Aaron L Nelson", "Jeffrey N Weiser"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0010001.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Effect_of_Complement_Depletion_on_Competition_between_Species_during_Co_Colonization_/632212", "title"=>"The Effect of Complement Depletion on Competition between Species during Co-Colonization", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 09:02:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/962338"], "description"=>"<div><p>Killing of <i>S. pneumoniae</i> strain <i>Sp</i>1121 (A) or <i>H. influenzae</i> strain <i>Hi</i>636 (B) by neutrophil-enriched PECs was determined over a 45-min incubation with active complement. The effect on killing by neutrophil-enriched PECs of i.p. administration of heat-inactivated whole bacteria at the dose indicated is shown relative to controls consisting of casein administration alone. No stimulation of killing was observed in controls using inactivated complement (−C) or cells from animals pretreated with mAb RB6-5C8. Values represent three or more independent determinations in duplicate ± standard error of the mean of the percent killing relative to controls using neutrophil-enriched PECs elicited without the addition of heat-inactivated bacteria. *<i>p <</i> 0.001 compared to groups without heat-inactivated <i>H. influenzae</i> and active complement.</p><p>(C) A representative FACS analysis of neutrophil-enriched PECs showing the effect of i.p. administration of casein alone (i) or with 10<sup>6</sup> heat-inactivated <i>Hi</i>636 (ii) on the proportion of Ly-6G positive cells co-expressing the activation marker CD11b/CD18 (boxed).</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["neutrophil-like", "cells", "opsonophagocytic", "components"], "article_id"=>632322, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine", "Immunology"], "users"=>["Elena S Lysenko", "Adam J Ratner", "Aaron L Nelson", "Jeffrey N Weiser"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0010001.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stimulation_of_Neutrophil_Like_Cells_and_Opsonophagocytic_Killing_by_Components_of_H_influenzae_/632322", "title"=>"Stimulation of Neutrophil-Like Cells and Opsonophagocytic Killing by Components of <i>H. influenzae</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 09:03:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/962044"], "description"=>"<p>MIP-2 levels normalized to total protein content were determined in mock colonized (open bars) and dual colonized (solid bars) mice including BALB/c SCID mice, C3H/HeOuJ mice, and C3H/HeOuJ mice treated with RB6-8C5 or rat IgG control as indicated. Values are geometric means ± standard deviation. *<i>p <</i> 0.01 compared to other co-colonized groups of C3H mice. Dual colonized SCID and C3H mice showed significantly higher levels of MIP-2 compared to mock colonized controls (<i>p <</i> 0.03).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["co-colonization", "mip-2", "respiratory", "tract", "lavage"], "article_id"=>632029, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine", "Immunology"], "users"=>["Elena S Lysenko", "Adam J Ratner", "Aaron L Nelson", "Jeffrey N Weiser"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0010001.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Effect_of_Co_Colonization_on_the_Concentration_of_MIP_2_in_Upper_Respiratory_Tract_Lavage_Fluid_/632029", "title"=>"The Effect of Co-Colonization on the Concentration of MIP-2 in Upper Respiratory Tract Lavage Fluid", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 09:01:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/962133"], "description"=>"<div><p>(A) The density of <i>H. influenzae</i> strain <i>Hi</i>636 <i>(Hi)</i> and <i>S. pneumoniae</i> strain <i>Sp</i>1121 <i>(Sp)</i> in upper respiratory tract lavage was determined at 24 h after intranasal inoculation in C3H/HeOuJ mice pretreated with RB6-8C5 to deplete neutrophil-like cells or pretreated with rat IgG as a control. Box-and-whiskers plot indicates high and low values, median, and interquartile ranges; <i>n ≥</i> 5 in each group. Co-inoculated species shown in parentheses. The lower limit of detection for bacteria in lavage culture was 10<sup>2</sup> CFU/ml.</p><p>(B) Representative parasagittal sections of the lateral nasal tissues adjacent to the turbinates of co-colonized C3H/HeOuJ mice: (i) untreated control (H&E-stained), (ii) pretreated to deplete neutrophil-like cells (H&E-stained), or (iii) untreated control (stained with mAb Ly-6G to detect neutrophil-like cells). Magnification, 400×.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["depletion", "neutrophil-like", "cells"], "article_id"=>632121, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine", "Immunology"], "users"=>["Elena S Lysenko", "Adam J Ratner", "Aaron L Nelson", "Jeffrey N Weiser"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0010001.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Effect_of_Depletion_of_Neutrophil_Like_Cells_on_Competition_between_Species_during_Co_Colonization_/632121", "title"=>"The Effect of Depletion of Neutrophil-Like Cells on Competition between Species during Co-Colonization", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 09:02:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/961735"], "description"=>"<p>The mean density of <i>H. influenzae</i> strain <i>Hi</i>636 (A) and <i>S. pneumoniae</i> strain <i>Sp</i>1121 (B) in upper respiratory tract lavage ± standard deviation was determined on the day indicated following intranasal inoculation with 1 × 10<sup>7</sup> CFU of either one (open symbols) or both species (solid symbols). * <i>p <</i> 0.01 compared to co-colonization. Dashed line denotes the lower limit of detection.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["scid", "mice"], "article_id"=>631722, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Infectious Diseases", "Medicine", "Immunology"], "users"=>["Elena S Lysenko", "Adam J Ratner", "Aaron L Nelson", "Jeffrey N Weiser"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0010001.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Colonization_of_BALB_c_SCID_Mice_by_H_influenzae_Strain_Hi_636_and_S_pneumoniae_Strain_Sp_1121_/631722", "title"=>"Colonization of BALB/c SCID Mice by <i>H. influenzae</i> Strain <i>Hi</i>636 and <i>S. pneumoniae</i> Strain <i>Sp</i>1121", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-22 08:59:19"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"48", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"20", "unique-ip"=>"48", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
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  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"22", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"18", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
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  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"36", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"23", "unique-ip"=>"39", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
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  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"44", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"40", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
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  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"51", "unique-ip"=>"48", "pdf"=>"17", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
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Relative Metric

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