A New Malaria Agent in African Hominids
Publication Date
May 29, 2009
Journal
PLOS Pathogens
Authors
Benjamin Ollomo, Patrick Durand, Franck Prugnolle, Emmanuel Douzery, et al
Volume
5
Issue
5
Pages
e1000446
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000446
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.ppat.1000446
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19478877
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2680981
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/19478877
Web of Science
000267085800005
Scopus
67249133505
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/new-malaria-agent-african-hominids
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A new malaria agent in African hominids", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Benjamin", "last_name"=>"Ollomo", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507153560"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick", "last_name"=>"Durand", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202230102"}, {"first_name"=>"Franck", "last_name"=>"Prugnolle", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603443200"}, {"first_name"=>"Emmanuel", "last_name"=>"Douzery", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603906189"}, {"first_name"=>"Céline", "last_name"=>"Arnathau", "scopus_author_id"=>"15062326200"}, {"first_name"=>"Dieudonné", "last_name"=>"Nkoghe", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701381815"}, {"first_name"=>"Eric", "last_name"=>"Leroy", "scopus_author_id"=>"26642978200"}, {"first_name"=>"François", "last_name"=>"Renaud", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103316763"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS Pathogens", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-67249133505", "sgr"=>"67249133505", "issn"=>"15537366", "isbn"=>"1553-7374 (Electronic)\\r1553-7366 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"19478877", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.ppat.1000446", "pui"=>"354743704"}, "id"=>"a6101ff6-093d-3fe3-8b2a-852c032cea42", "abstract"=>"Plasmodium falciparum is the major human malaria agent responsible for 200 to 300 million infections and one to three million deaths annually, mainly among African infants. The origin and evolution of this pathogen within the human lineage is still unresolved. A single species, P. reichenowi, which infects chimpanzees, is known to be a close sister lineage of P. falciparum. Here we report the discovery of a new Plasmodium species infecting Hominids. This new species has been isolated in two chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) kept as pets by villagers in Gabon (Africa). Analysis of its complete mitochondrial genome (5529 nucleotides including Cyt b, Cox I and Cox III genes) reveals an older divergence of this lineage from the clade that includes P. falciparum and P. reichenowi (approximately 21+/-9 Myrs ago using Bayesian methods and considering that the divergence between P. falciparum and P. reichenowi occurred 4 to 7 million years ago as generally considered in the literature). This time frame would be congruent with the radiation of hominoids, suggesting that this Plasmodium lineage might have been present in early hominoids and that they may both have experienced a simultaneous diversification. Investigation of the nuclear genome of this new species will further the understanding of the genetic adaptations of P. falciparum to humans. The risk of transfer and emergence of this new species in humans must be now seriously considered given that it was found in two chimpanzees living in contact with humans and its close relatedness to the most virulent agent of malaria.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/new-malaria-agent-african-hominids", "reader_count"=>92, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>29, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>29, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Environmental Science"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>61, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>7}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>61}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Lithuania"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/444542", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/444593", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/444699", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/444736", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/444751", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/444770"], "description"=>"<div><p><em>Plasmodium falciparum</em> is the major human malaria agent responsible for 200 to 300 million infections and one to three million deaths annually, mainly among African infants. The origin and evolution of this pathogen within the human lineage is still unresolved. A single species, <em>P. reichenowi</em>, which infects chimpanzees, is known to be a close sister lineage of <em>P. falciparum</em>. Here we report the discovery of a new <em>Plasmodium</em> species infecting Hominids. This new species has been isolated in two chimpanzees (<em>Pan troglodytes</em>) kept as pets by villagers in Gabon (Africa). Analysis of its complete mitochondrial genome (5529 nucleotides including Cyt b, Cox I and Cox III genes) reveals an older divergence of this lineage from the clade that includes <em>P. falciparum</em> and <em>P. reichenowi</em> (∼21±9 Myrs ago using Bayesian methods and considering that the divergence between <em>P. falciparum</em> and <em>P. reichenowi</em> occurred 4 to 7 million years ago as generally considered in the literature). This time frame would be congruent with the radiation of hominoids, suggesting that this <em>Plasmodium</em> lineage might have been present in early hominoids and that they may both have experienced a simultaneous diversification. Investigation of the nuclear genome of this new species will further the understanding of the genetic adaptations of <em>P. falciparum</em> to humans. The risk of transfer and emergence of this new species in humans must be now seriously considered given that it was found in two chimpanzees living in contact with humans and its close relatedness to the most virulent agent of malaria.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["malaria", "african", "hominids"], "article_id"=>147613, "categories"=>["Cancer", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Benjamin Ollomo", "Patrick Durand", "Franck Prugnolle", "Emmanuel Douzery", "Céline Arnathau", "Dieudonné Nkoghe", "Eric Leroy", "François Renaud"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000446.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000446.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000446.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000446.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000446.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000446.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>28, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/A_New_Malaria_Agent_in_African_Hominids/147613", "title"=>"A New Malaria Agent in African Hominids", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2009-05-29 02:06:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/895906"], "description"=>"<p>The phylogram presented here was reconstructed by a Maximum Likelihood approach from whole mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Bootstrap values obtained are only shown (in blue) for the nodes inside the African Great Apes/Human lineage (represented in red). <i>Leucocytozoon caulleryi</i> was used as outgroup. Scale bar shows 0.08 substitutions per site. OWM: Old World Monkeys; NWM: New World Monkeys. The purple box highlights the new species (<i>P. sp_K</i>) discovered in chimpanzees in Gabon. *<i>P. knowlesi</i>, which naturally infects macaques in Southeast Asia, is now considered as the “fifth human malaria agent” because of a recent shift to humans.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["relationships"], "article_id"=>566363, "categories"=>["Infectious Diseases", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Benjamin Ollomo", "Patrick Durand", "Franck Prugnolle", "Emmanuel Douzery", "Céline Arnathau", "Dieudonné Nkoghe", "Eric Leroy", "François Renaud"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000446.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_relationships_among_Plasmodium_species_including_P_sp_K_and_associated_host_groups_/566363", "title"=>"Phylogenetic relationships among <i>Plasmodium</i> species (including <i>P. sp_K</i>) and associated host groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-05-29 01:46:03"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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