Characterization of the Oral Fungal Microbiome (Mycobiome) in Healthy Individuals
Publication Date
January 08, 2010
Journal
PLOS Pathogens
Authors
Mahmoud A. Ghannoum, Richard J. Jurevic, Pranab K. Mukherjee, Fan Cui, et al
Volume
6
Issue
1
Pages
e1000713
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.ppat.1000713
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20072605
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2795202
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/20072605
Web of Science
000274227100004
Scopus
77649230349
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/characterization-oral-fungal-microbiome-mycobiome-healthy-individuals
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CiteULike | Further Information

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Characterization of the oral fungal microbiome (mycobiome) in healthy individuals", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mahmoud A.", "last_name"=>"Ghannoum", "scopus_author_id"=>"35379746400"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard J.", "last_name"=>"Jurevic", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507570442"}, {"first_name"=>"Pranab K.", "last_name"=>"Mukherjee", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201661793"}, {"first_name"=>"Fan", "last_name"=>"Cui", "scopus_author_id"=>"35723861200"}, {"first_name"=>"Masoumeh", "last_name"=>"Sikaroodi", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506423671"}, {"first_name"=>"Ammar", "last_name"=>"Naqvi", "scopus_author_id"=>"35724669600"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick M.", "last_name"=>"Gillevet", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603773928"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS Pathogens", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"15537366", "isbn"=>"1553-7374 (Electronic)\\r1553-7366 (Linking)", "pui"=>"358387608", "sgr"=>"77649230349", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77649230349", "pmid"=>"20072605"}, "id"=>"a57bc01d-2085-3c8b-942d-0288033c1b6a", "abstract"=>"The oral microbiome-organisms residing in the oral cavity and their collective genome-are critical components of health and disease. The fungal component of the oral microbiota has not been characterized. In this study, we used a novel multitag pyrosequencing approach to characterize fungi present in the oral cavity of 20 healthy individuals, using the pan-fungal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) primers. Our results revealed the \"basal\" oral mycobiome profile of the enrolled individuals, and showed that across all the samples studied, the oral cavity contained 74 culturable and 11 non-culturable fungal genera. Among these genera, 39 were present in only one person, 16 genera were present in two participants, and 5 genera were present in three people, while 15 genera (including non-culturable organisms) were present in >/=4 (20%) participants. Candida species were the most frequent (isolated from 75% of participants), followed by Cladosporium (65%), Aureobasidium, Saccharomycetales (50% for both), Aspergillus (35%), Fusarium (30%), and Cryptococcus (20%). Four of these predominant genera are known to be pathogenic in humans. The low-abundance genera may represent environmental fungi present in the oral cavity and could simply be spores inhaled from the air or material ingested with food. Among the culturable genera, 61 were represented by one species each, while 13 genera comprised between 2 and 6 different species; the total number of species identified were 101. The number of species in the oral cavity of each individual ranged between 9 and 23. Principal component (PCO) analysis of the obtained data set followed by sample clustering and UniFrac analysis revealed that White males and Asian males clustered differently from each other, whereas both Asian and White females clustered together. This is the first study that identified the \"basal mycobiome\" of healthy individuals, and provides the basis for a detailed characterization of the oral mycobiome in health and disease.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/characterization-oral-fungal-microbiome-mycobiome-healthy-individuals", "reader_count"=>461, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>27, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>118, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>25, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>121, "Student > Postgraduate"=>15, "Student > Master"=>61, "Other"=>20, "Student > Bachelor"=>40, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>15}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>27, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>118, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>25, "Student > Ph. D. 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Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/869111"], "description"=>"<p>The triangle and asterisk indicate samples containing 16 and 3 fungal genera, respectively. See <a href=\"http://www.plospathogens.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713#ppat-1000713-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for sample details.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungi", "rinse", "samples", "20"], "article_id"=>539565, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Molecular Biology"], "users"=>["Mahmoud A. Ghannoum", "Richard J. Jurevic", "Pranab K. Mukherjee", "Fan Cui", "Masoumeh Sikaroodi", "Ammar Naqvi", "Patrick M. Gillevet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overall_distribution_of_fungi_in_oral_rinse_samples_obtained_from_20_healthy_individuals_/539565", "title"=>"Overall distribution of fungi in oral rinse samples obtained from 20 healthy individuals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-08 02:39:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/869205"], "description"=>"<p>Frequency of fungal genera present in more than 20 percent of the tested samples.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungal", "genera", "20", "percent", "tested"], "article_id"=>539654, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Molecular Biology"], "users"=>["Mahmoud A. Ghannoum", "Richard J. Jurevic", "Pranab K. Mukherjee", "Fan Cui", "Masoumeh Sikaroodi", "Ammar Naqvi", "Patrick M. Gillevet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_fungal_genera_present_in_more_than_20_percent_of_the_tested_samples_/539654", "title"=>"Frequency of fungal genera present in more than 20 percent of the tested samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-08 02:40:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/431133", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/431152", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/431173"], "description"=>"<div><p>The oral microbiome–organisms residing in the oral cavity and their collective genome–are critical components of health and disease. The fungal component of the oral microbiota has not been characterized. In this study, we used a novel multitag pyrosequencing approach to characterize fungi present in the oral cavity of 20 healthy individuals, using the pan-fungal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) primers. Our results revealed the “basal” oral mycobiome profile of the enrolled individuals, and showed that across all the samples studied, the oral cavity contained 74 culturable and 11 non-culturable fungal genera. Among these genera, 39 were present in only one person, 16 genera were present in two participants, and 5 genera were present in three people, while 15 genera (including non-culturable organisms) were present in ≥4 (20%) participants. <em>Candida</em> species were the most frequent (isolated from 75% of participants), followed by <em>Cladosporium</em> (65%), <em>Aureobasidium</em>, Saccharomycetales (50% for both), <em>Aspergillus</em> (35%), <em>Fusarium</em> (30%), and <em>Cryptococcus</em> (20%). Four of these predominant genera are known to be pathogenic in humans. The low-abundance genera may represent environmental fungi present in the oral cavity and could simply be spores inhaled from the air or material ingested with food. Among the culturable genera, 61 were represented by one species each, while 13 genera comprised between 2 and 6 different species; the total number of species identified were 101. The number of species in the oral cavity of each individual ranged between 9 and 23. Principal component (PCO) analysis of the obtained data set followed by sample clustering and UniFrac analysis revealed that White males and Asian males clustered differently from each other, whereas both Asian and White females clustered together. This is the first study that identified the “basal mycobiome” of healthy individuals, and provides the basis for a detailed characterization of the oral mycobiome in health and disease.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characterization", "fungal", "microbiome", "individuals"], "article_id"=>145090, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Molecular Biology"], "users"=>["Mahmoud A. Ghannoum", "Richard J. Jurevic", "Pranab K. Mukherjee", "Fan Cui", "Masoumeh Sikaroodi", "Ammar Naqvi", "Patrick M. Gillevet"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Characterization_of_the_Oral_Fungal_Microbiome_Mycobiome_in_Healthy_Individuals/145090", "title"=>"Characterization of the Oral Fungal Microbiome (Mycobiome) in Healthy Individuals", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-01-08 01:24:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/869303"], "description"=>"<p>Principal component (PCO) analysis of distribution of fungal genera in oral samples of 20 healthy individuals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungal", "genera", "samples", "20"], "article_id"=>539759, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Molecular Biology"], "users"=>["Mahmoud A. Ghannoum", "Richard J. Jurevic", "Pranab K. Mukherjee", "Fan Cui", "Masoumeh Sikaroodi", "Ammar Naqvi", "Patrick M. Gillevet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_component_PCO_analysis_of_distribution_of_fungal_genera_in_oral_samples_of_20_healthy_individuals_/539759", "title"=>"Principal component (PCO) analysis of distribution of fungal genera in oral samples of 20 healthy individuals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-08 02:42:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/869401"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution of different fungal species in oral mycobiome of healthy individuals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungal", "mycobiome"], "article_id"=>539856, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Molecular Biology"], "users"=>["Mahmoud A. Ghannoum", "Richard J. Jurevic", "Pranab K. Mukherjee", "Fan Cui", "Masoumeh Sikaroodi", "Ammar Naqvi", "Patrick M. Gillevet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>12, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_different_fungal_species_in_oral_mycobiome_of_healthy_individuals_/539856", "title"=>"Distribution of different fungal species in oral mycobiome of healthy individuals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-01-08 02:44:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/868999"], "description"=>"<p>Frequency distribution of identified fungal genera among the study participants.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungal", "genera"], "article_id"=>539452, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Molecular Biology"], "users"=>["Mahmoud A. Ghannoum", "Richard J. Jurevic", "Pranab K. Mukherjee", "Fan Cui", "Masoumeh Sikaroodi", "Ammar Naqvi", "Patrick M. Gillevet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_distribution_of_identified_fungal_genera_among_the_study_participants_/539452", "title"=>"Frequency distribution of identified fungal genera among the study participants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-01-08 02:37:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/869472"], "description"=>"<p>Summary of demographic characteristics and sequencing information for study participants.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characteristics", "sequencing"], "article_id"=>539927, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Molecular Biology"], "users"=>["Mahmoud A. Ghannoum", "Richard J. Jurevic", "Pranab K. Mukherjee", "Fan Cui", "Masoumeh Sikaroodi", "Ammar Naqvi", "Patrick M. Gillevet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_demographic_characteristics_and_sequencing_information_for_study_participants_/539927", "title"=>"Summary of demographic characteristics and sequencing information for study participants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-01-08 02:45:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/869434"], "description"=>"<p>Summary of pyrosequencing analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["pyrosequencing"], "article_id"=>539891, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Molecular Biology"], "users"=>["Mahmoud A. Ghannoum", "Richard J. Jurevic", "Pranab K. Mukherjee", "Fan Cui", "Masoumeh Sikaroodi", "Ammar Naqvi", "Patrick M. Gillevet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_pyrosequencing_analysis_/539891", "title"=>"Summary of pyrosequencing analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-01-08 02:44:51"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/869376"], "description"=>"<p>UniFrac analysis of data belonging to clusters of females, White males, and Asian males.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["belonging", "clusters", "asian"], "article_id"=>539826, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Molecular Biology"], "users"=>["Mahmoud A. Ghannoum", "Richard J. Jurevic", "Pranab K. Mukherjee", "Fan Cui", "Masoumeh Sikaroodi", "Ammar Naqvi", "Patrick M. Gillevet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000713.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_UniFrac_analysis_of_data_belonging_to_clusters_of_females_White_males_and_Asian_males_/539826", "title"=>"UniFrac analysis of data belonging to clusters of females, White males, and Asian males.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-01-08 02:43:46"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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