Large-Scale Field Application of RNAi Technology Reducing Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus Disease in Honey Bees (Apis mellifera, Hymenoptera: Apidae)
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{"title"=>"Large-scale field application of RNAi technology reducing Israeli acute paralysis virus disease in honey bees (Apis mellifera, hymenoptera: Apidae)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Wayne", "last_name"=>"Hunter", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201746056"}, {"first_name"=>"James", "last_name"=>"Ellis", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402714715"}, {"first_name"=>"Dennis", "last_name"=>"Vanengelsdorp", "scopus_author_id"=>"16311263600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jerry", "last_name"=>"Hayes", "scopus_author_id"=>"23088417300"}, {"first_name"=>"Dave", "last_name"=>"Westervelt", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602195622"}, {"first_name"=>"Eitan", "last_name"=>"Glick", "scopus_author_id"=>"56636967700"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Williams", "scopus_author_id"=>"37098245100"}, {"first_name"=>"Ilan", "last_name"=>"Sela", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005646352"}, {"first_name"=>"Eyal", "last_name"=>"Maori", "scopus_author_id"=>"16245798100"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeffery", "last_name"=>"Pettis", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004714365"}, {"first_name"=>"Diana", "last_name"=>"Cox-Foster", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603060478"}, {"first_name"=>"Nitzan", "last_name"=>"Paldi", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507746594"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS Pathogens", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"361077376", "sgr"=>"78651237035", "issn"=>"15537366", "pmid"=>"21203478", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-78651237035", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160", "isbn"=>"1553-7374 (Electronic)\\n1553-7366 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"efc1d7db-fb86-36ab-bb8a-95d5735d912b", "abstract"=>"The importance of honey bees to the world economy far surpasses their contribution in terms of honey production; they are responsible for up to 30% of the world's food production through pollination of crops. Since fall 2006, honey bees in the U.S. have faced a serious population decline, due in part to a phenomenon called Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), which is a disease syndrome that is likely caused by several factors. Data from an initial study in which investigators compared pathogens in honey bees affected by CCD suggested a putative role for Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus, IAPV. This is a single stranded RNA virus with no DNA stage placed taxonomically within the family Dicistroviridae. Although subsequent studies have failed to find IAPV in all CCD diagnosed colonies, IAPV has been shown to cause honey bee mortality. RNA interference technology (RNAi) has been used successfully to silence endogenous insect (including honey bee) genes both by injection and feeding. Moreover, RNAi was shown to prevent bees from succumbing to infection from IAPV under laboratory conditions. In the current study IAPV specific homologous dsRNA was used in the field, under natural beekeeping conditions in order to prevent mortality and improve the overall health of bees infected with IAPV. This controlled study included a total of 160 honey bee hives in two discrete climates, seasons and geographical locations (Florida and Pennsylvania). To our knowledge, this is the first successful large-scale real world use of RNAi for disease control.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/largescale-field-application-rnai-technology-reducing-israeli-acute-paralysis-virus-disease-honey-be", "reader_count"=>170, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>8, "Librarian"=>3, "Researcher"=>38, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. 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Student"=>41, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>22, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>14}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>128, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4, "Chemistry"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>13, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Design"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>128}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>13}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>3, "China"=>1, "Mexico"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>4, "Slovenia"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/404240", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/404300"], "description"=>"<div><p>The importance of honey bees to the world economy far surpasses their contribution in terms of honey production; they are responsible for up to 30% of the world's food production through pollination of crops. Since fall 2006, honey bees in the U.S. have faced a serious population decline, due in part to a phenomenon called Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), which is a disease syndrome that is likely caused by several factors. Data from an initial study in which investigators compared pathogens in honey bees affected by CCD suggested a putative role for Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus, IAPV. This is a single stranded RNA virus with no DNA stage placed taxonomically within the family Dicistroviridae. Although subsequent studies have failed to find IAPV in all CCD diagnosed colonies, IAPV has been shown to cause honey bee mortality. RNA interference technology (RNAi) has been used successfully to silence endogenous insect (including honey bee) genes both by injection and feeding. Moreover, RNAi was shown to prevent bees from succumbing to infection from IAPV under laboratory conditions. In the current study IAPV specific homologous dsRNA was used in the field, under natural beekeeping conditions in order to prevent mortality and improve the overall health of bees infected with IAPV. This controlled study included a total of 160 honey bee hives in two discrete climates, seasons and geographical locations (Florida and Pennsylvania). To our knowledge, this is the first successful large-scale real world use of RNAi for disease control.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["large-scale", "rnai", "reducing", "israeli", "acute", "paralysis", "bees"], "article_id"=>139880, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Molecular Biology", "Cancer", "Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Medicine", "Immunology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Wayne Hunter", "James Ellis", "Dennis vanEngelsdorp", "Jerry Hayes", "Dave Westervelt", "Eitan Glick", "Michael Williams", "Ilan Sela", "Eyal Maori", "Jeffery Pettis", "Diana Cox-Foster", "Nitzan Paldi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Large_Scale_Field_Application_of_RNAi_Technology_Reducing_Israeli_Acute_Paralysis_Virus_Disease_in_Honey_Bees_Apis_mellifera_Hymenoptera_Apidae_/139880", "title"=>"Large-Scale Field Application of RNAi Technology Reducing Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus Disease in Honey Bees (<em>Apis mellifera</em>, Hymenoptera: Apidae)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-12-23 02:44:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/810134"], "description"=>"<p>The number of bees in the Remebee-I+IAPV was significantly different 5 weeks later (N = 40, p<0.002) compared to the control and IAPV alone treatments which were not significantly different (N = 40, p>0.25). There was no significant difference between treatments at start or at end points of the PA trial.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biotechnology", "cell biology/gene expression", "genetics and genomics", "immunology", "Infectious diseases", "microbiology", "microbiology/immunity to infections", "molecular biology", "molecular biology/post-translational regulation of gene expression", "pathology", "pathology/molecular pathology", "Virology", "virology/new therapies, including antivirals and immunotherapy"], "article_id"=>480470, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Molecular Biology", "Medicine", "Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Virology", "Infectious Diseases", "Immunology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Wayne Hunter", "James Ellis", "Dennis vanEngelsdorp", "Jerry Hayes", "Dave Westervelt", "Eitan Glick", "Michael Williams", "Ilan Sela", "Eyal Maori", "Jeffery Pettis", "Diana Cox-Foster", "Nitzan Paldi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Change_in_the_total_bee_population_Florida_/480470", "title"=>"Change in the total bee population (Florida).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-12-23 00:07:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/810210"], "description"=>"<p>Total weight gained by the hives in the different treatments corresponds mainly to amount of honey collected. Remebee-I+IAPV hives produced significantly more honey compared with IAPV only treated hives (N = 40, p<0.03). Honey production in control colonies and IAPV colonies were not significantly different (N = 40, p>0.2).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hives"], "article_id"=>480568, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Molecular Biology", "Medicine", "Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Virology", "Infectious Diseases", "Immunology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Wayne Hunter", "James Ellis", "Dennis vanEngelsdorp", "Jerry Hayes", "Dave Westervelt", "Eitan Glick", "Michael Williams", "Ilan Sela", "Eyal Maori", "Jeffery Pettis", "Diana Cox-Foster", "Nitzan Paldi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Net_weight_gain_in_hives_Florida_/480568", "title"=>"Net weight gain in hives (Florida).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-12-23 00:09:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/810282"], "description"=>"<p>Total weight gained by the hives in the different treatments corresponds mainly to amount of honey collected. The difference between the weight at the start and the end of the experiment (4 months) shows that the non infected controls (mean = 23.5kg) and the Remebee-I+IAPV (mean = 21kg) made significantly more honey than hives receiving IAPV alone (mean = 16.3kg) (F = 2.7; df = 4.92; P = 0.034).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hives"], "article_id"=>480634, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Molecular Biology", "Medicine", "Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Virology", "Infectious Diseases", "Immunology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Wayne Hunter", "James Ellis", "Dennis vanEngelsdorp", "Jerry Hayes", "Dave Westervelt", "Eitan Glick", "Michael Williams", "Ilan Sela", "Eyal Maori", "Jeffery Pettis", "Diana Cox-Foster", "Nitzan Paldi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Net_weight_gain_in_hives_Pennsylvania_/480634", "title"=>"Net weight gain in hives (Pennsylvania).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-12-23 00:10:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/810350"], "description"=>"<p><i>Nosema</i> spore counts at the 4 weeks and at the end point of the Pennsylvania trial. At 4 weeks after virus introduction, IAPV only and Remebee-I+IAPV Nosema spore counts were elevated in contrast to the uninfected control, but insignificantly so because of the large variance. However, 8 weeks later, levels of <i>Nosema</i> spores were significantly greater in the IAPV only group (1.02 million per bee) relative to the uninfected control (0.36 million per bee) (N = 31, p<0.006). Remarkably, spore levels in the treatment group receiving Remebee-I+IAPV (0.33 million per bee) were not significantly different from the uninfected control (N = 30, p>0.89), but were significantly different from the IAPV only cluster (N = 27, p<0.007). BACI design; Proc mixed = repeated measured analysis with unstructured covariance matrix. No effect of treatment over time. Df = 4, 95; F = 0.47; P = 0.7586.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spore", "counts"], "article_id"=>480706, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Molecular Biology", "Medicine", "Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Virology", "Infectious Diseases", "Immunology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Wayne Hunter", "James Ellis", "Dennis vanEngelsdorp", "Jerry Hayes", "Dave Westervelt", "Eitan Glick", "Michael Williams", "Ilan Sela", "Eyal Maori", "Jeffery Pettis", "Diana Cox-Foster", "Nitzan Paldi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Nosema_spore_counts_per_bee_/480706", "title"=>"<i>Nosema</i> spore counts per bee.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-12-23 00:11:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/810506"], "description"=>"<p>Treatment Groups.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biotechnology", "cell biology/gene expression", "genetics and genomics", "immunology", "Infectious diseases", "microbiology", "microbiology/immunity to infections", "molecular biology", "molecular biology/post-translational regulation of gene expression", "pathology", "pathology/molecular pathology", "Virology", "virology/new therapies, including antivirals and immunotherapy"], "article_id"=>480841, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Molecular Biology", "Medicine", "Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Virology", "Infectious Diseases", "Immunology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Wayne Hunter", "James Ellis", "Dennis vanEngelsdorp", "Jerry Hayes", "Dave Westervelt", "Eitan Glick", "Michael Williams", "Ilan Sela", "Eyal Maori", "Jeffery Pettis", "Diana Cox-Foster", "Nitzan Paldi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Treatment_Groups_/480841", "title"=>"Treatment Groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-12-23 00:14:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/810548"], "description"=>"<p><sup>(mp)</sup> – mid-point analysis includes weighing the hives and full bee assessment.</p><p><sup>(ep)</sup> – end-point analysis includes all activities of mid-point and preparation for hives disposal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["florida", "pennsylvania"], "article_id"=>480907, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Molecular Biology", "Medicine", "Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Virology", "Infectious Diseases", "Immunology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Wayne Hunter", "James Ellis", "Dennis vanEngelsdorp", "Jerry Hayes", "Dave Westervelt", "Eitan Glick", "Michael Williams", "Ilan Sela", "Eyal Maori", "Jeffery Pettis", "Diana Cox-Foster", "Nitzan Paldi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Treatment_schedule_for_Florida_and_Pennsylvania_locations_/480907", "title"=>"Treatment schedule for Florida and Pennsylvania locations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-12-23 00:15:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/810598"], "description"=>"<p>Summary of Remebee-I treatment on honey bee health and mortality.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["remebee-i"], "article_id"=>480950, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Molecular Biology", "Medicine", "Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Virology", "Infectious Diseases", "Immunology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Wayne Hunter", "James Ellis", "Dennis vanEngelsdorp", "Jerry Hayes", "Dave Westervelt", "Eitan Glick", "Michael Williams", "Ilan Sela", "Eyal Maori", "Jeffery Pettis", "Diana Cox-Foster", "Nitzan Paldi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001160.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_Remebee_I_treatment_on_honey_bee_health_and_mortality_/480950", "title"=>"Summary of Remebee-I treatment on honey bee health and mortality.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-12-23 00:15:50"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"11"}
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Relative Metric

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