Host Phylogeny Determines Viral Persistence and Replication in Novel Hosts
Publication Date
September 22, 2011
Journal
PLOS Pathogens
Authors
Ben Longdon, Jarrod D. Hadfield, Claire L. Webster, Darren J. Obbard, et al
Volume
7
Issue
9
Pages
e1002260
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.ppat.1002260
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21966271
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3178573
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21966271
Web of Science
000295409000060
Scopus
80053436958
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/host-phylogeny-determines-viral-persistence-replication-novel-hosts
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/369950", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/369969", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/369991", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370008", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370027", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370040", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370060", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370075", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370091", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370120", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370148", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370194", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370227", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370265", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/370305"], "description"=>"<div><p>Pathogens switching to new hosts can result in the emergence of new infectious diseases, and determining which species are likely to be sources of such host shifts is essential to understanding disease threats to both humans and wildlife. However, the factors that determine whether a pathogen can infect a novel host are poorly understood. We have examined the ability of three host-specific RNA-viruses (<em>Drosophila</em> sigma viruses from the family <em>Rhabdoviridae</em>) to persist and replicate in 51 different species of Drosophilidae. Using a novel analytical approach we found that the host phylogeny could explain most of the variation in viral replication and persistence between different host species. This effect is partly driven by viruses reaching a higher titre in those novel hosts most closely related to the original host. However, there is also a strong effect of host phylogeny that is independent of the distance from the original host, with viral titres being similar in groups of related hosts. Most of this effect could be explained by variation in general susceptibility to all three sigma viruses, as there is a strong phylogenetic correlation in the titres of the three viruses. These results suggest that the source of new emerging diseases may often be predictable from the host phylogeny, but that the effect may be more complex than simply causing most host shifts to occur between closely related hosts.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phylogeny", "determines", "viral", "persistence", "replication", "hosts"], "article_id"=>133102, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Ben Longdon", "Jarrod D. Hadfield", "Claire L. Webster", "Darren J. Obbard", "Francis M. Jiggins"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.s015"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Host_Phylogeny_Determines_Viral_Persistence_and_Replication_in_Novel_Hosts/133102", "title"=>"Host Phylogeny Determines Viral Persistence and Replication in Novel Hosts", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-09-22 00:51:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/732561"], "description"=>"<p>Natural host-virus combinations are in red. The phylogeny was inferred under a relaxed molecular clock, node labels are posterior supports, the scale bar is number of substitutions per site and the scale axis represents the approximate age since divergence in millions of years (my) based on estimates from <a href=\"http://www.plospathogens.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260#ppat.1002260-Russo1\" target=\"_blank\">[60]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["respective", "viral", "titre", "species-virus"], "article_id"=>402909, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Ben Longdon", "Jarrod D. Hadfield", "Claire L. Webster", "Darren J. Obbard", "Francis M. Jiggins"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogeny_of_host_species_and_the_respective_mean_change_in_viral_titre_log2_scale_for_each_species_virus_combination_/402909", "title"=>"Phylogeny of host species and the respective mean change in viral titre (log2 scale) for each species-virus combination.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-09-22 00:48:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/732640"], "description"=>"<p>The estimates of viral titre have been corrected for phylogenetic effects and are plotted on a log2 scale. Genetic distance is relative to the distance from root to tip (root to tip equals 1). Trend line is for illustrative purposes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["titre", "sigma", "viruses", "15", "days"], "article_id"=>402992, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Ben Longdon", "Jarrod D. Hadfield", "Claire L. Webster", "Darren J. Obbard", "Francis M. Jiggins"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_effect_of_the_genetic_distance_of_a_novel_host_from_the_natural_host_on_the_titre_of_three_sigma_viruses_15_days_after_injection_/402992", "title"=>"The effect of the genetic distance of a novel host from the natural host on the titre of three sigma viruses 15 days after injection.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-09-22 00:49:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/732692"], "description"=>"<p>Phylogenetic correlations and 95% CI between each pair of viruses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["correlations", "ci"], "article_id"=>403045, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Ben Longdon", "Jarrod D. Hadfield", "Claire L. Webster", "Darren J. Obbard", "Francis M. Jiggins"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002260.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_correlations_and_95_CI_between_each_pair_of_viruses_/403045", "title"=>"Phylogenetic correlations and 95% CI between each pair of viruses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-09-22 00:50:45"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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