The Vibrio cholera RND efflux systems impact virulence factor production and adaptive responses via periplasmic sensor proteins
Publication Date
January 05, 2018
Authors
X. Renee Bina, Mondraya F. Howard, Dawn L. Taylor Mulneix, Vanessa M. Ante, et al
Volume
14
Issue
1
Pages
e1006804
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006804
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.ppat.1006804
Scopus
85041506415
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/vibrio-cholerae-rnd-efflux-systems-impact-virulence-factor-production-adaptive-responses-via-peripla
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The Vibrio cholerae RND efflux systems impact virulence factor production and adaptive responses via periplasmic sensor proteins", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"X. Renee", "last_name"=>"Bina", "scopus_author_id"=>"14120696000"}, {"first_name"=>"Mondraya F.", "last_name"=>"Howard", "scopus_author_id"=>"56522362100"}, {"first_name"=>"Dawn L.", "last_name"=>"Taylor-Mulneix", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194176657"}, {"first_name"=>"Vanessa M.", "last_name"=>"Ante", "scopus_author_id"=>"55919367400"}, {"first_name"=>"Dillon E.", "last_name"=>"Kunkle", "scopus_author_id"=>"57194799602"}, {"first_name"=>"James E.", "last_name"=>"Bina", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004522659"}], "year"=>2018, "source"=>"PLoS Pathogens", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"620571730", "sgr"=>"85041506415", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85041506415", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.ppat.1006804", "issn"=>"15537374"}, "id"=>"679fb3eb-b361-3d12-9350-2507e6acab0d", "abstract"=>"Resistance-nodulation-division (RND) efflux systems are ubiquitous transporters in Gram-negative bacteria that are essential for antibiotic resistance. The RND efflux systems also contribute to diverse phenotypes independent of antimicrobial resistance, but the mechanism by which they affect most of these phenotypes is unclear. This is the case in Vibrio cholerae where the RND systems function in antimicrobial resistance and virulence factor production. Herein, we investigated the linkage between RND efflux and V. cholerae virulence. RNA sequencing revealed that the loss of RND efflux affected the activation state of periplasmic sensing systems including the virulence regulator ToxR. Activation of ToxR in an RND null mutant resulted in ToxR-dependent transcription of the LysR-family regulator leuO. Increased leuO transcription resulted in the repression of the ToxR virulence regulon and attenuated virulence factor production. Consistent with this, leuO deletion restored virulence factor production in an RND-null mutant, but not its ability to colonize infant mice; suggesting that RND efflux was epistatic to virulence factor production for colonization. The periplasmic sensing domain of ToxR was required for the induction of leuO transcription in the RND null mutant, suggesting that ToxR responded to metabolites that accumulated in the periplasm. Our results suggest that ToxR represses virulence factor production in response to metabolites that are normally effluxed from the cell by the RND transporters. We propose that impaired RND efflux results in periplasmic metabolite accumulation, which then activates periplasmic sensors including ToxR and two-component regulatory systems to initiate the expression of adaptive responses.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/vibrio-cholerae-rnd-efflux-systems-impact-virulence-factor-production-adaptive-responses-via-peripla", "reader_count"=>8, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>4}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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