Selection for Social Signalling Drives the Evolution of Chameleon Colour Change
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{"title"=>"Selection for social signalling drives the evolution of chameleon colour change", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Devi", "last_name"=>"Stuart-Fox", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602355314"}, {"first_name"=>"Adnan", "last_name"=>"Moussalli", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602290833"}], "year"=>2008, "source"=>"PLoS Biology", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"15449173", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-38949095386", "sgr"=>"38949095386", "pui"=>"351226043", "isbn"=>"1544-9173", "pmid"=>"18232740", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025"}, "id"=>"4f867d23-9f96-3892-8033-178ce69b3379", "abstract"=>"Rapid colour change is a remarkable natural phenomenon that has evolved in several vertebrate and invertebrate lineages. The two principal explanations for the evolution of this adaptive strategy are (1) natural selection for crypsis (camouflage) against a range of different backgrounds and (2) selection for conspicuous social signals that maximise detectability to conspecifics, yet minimise exposure to predators because they are only briefly displayed. Here we show that evolutionary shifts in capacity for colour change in southern African dwarf chameleons (Bradypodion spp.) are associated with increasingly conspicuous signals used in male contests and courtship. To the chameleon visual system, species showing the most dramatic colour change display social signals that contrast most against the environmental background and amongst adjacent body regions. We found no evidence for the crypsis hypothesis, a finding reinforced by visual models of how both chameleons and their avian predators perceive chameleon colour variation. Instead, our results suggest that selection for conspicuous social signals drives the evolution of colour change in this system, supporting the view that transitory display traits should be under strong selection for signal detectability.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/selection-social-signalling-drives-evolution-chameleon-colour-change-1", "reader_count"=>266, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Researcher"=>55, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>57, "Student > Postgraduate"=>13, "Student > Master"=>34, "Other"=>15, "Student > Bachelor"=>46, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>14}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>14, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Researcher"=>55, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>57, "Student > Postgraduate"=>13, "Student > Master"=>34, "Other"=>15, "Student > Bachelor"=>46, "Lecturer"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>14}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>201, "Philosophy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>5, "Computer Science"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>18, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>4, "Psychology"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>4}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>18}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>5}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>5}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>201}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>2, "Romania"=>1, "Hungary"=>1, "United States"=>12, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Portugal"=>2, "Switzerland"=>2, "Spain"=>3, "Costa Rica"=>1, "Canada"=>3, "Austria"=>1, "Brazil"=>4, "South Africa"=>4, "Italy"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Germany"=>4}, "group_count"=>10}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/939516"], "description"=>"<p>(A) B. taeniabronchum, a critically endangered species; (B) B. gutterale, and (C) B. atromontanum, showing typical antipredator behaviour (dorso-lateral flattening and flipping to the opposite side of the branch) in response to a model predator (stuffed fiscal shrike, Lanius collaris). All three are showing background matching whereby the animal's colour and pattern resembles a random sample of the background.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["camouflage", "antipredator"], "article_id"=>609968, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Devi Stuart-Fox", "Adnan Moussalli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_Camouflage_and_Antipredator_Responses_/609968", "title"=>"Examples of Camouflage and Antipredator Responses", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-01-29 02:46:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/939369"], "description"=>"<p>(A) B. damaranum from the south; (B) B. transvaalense from Woodbush in the north, and (C) B. caffrum from the central east. Panels from left to right: male in threat posture showing dominant coloration; associated reflectance spectra; male of the same population showing submissive coloration; associated reflectance spectra. Arrows indicate body regions from which measurements were taken (black = top flank, blue = mid-flank, red = bottom flank).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reflectance", "spectra", "spanning", "geographic"], "article_id"=>609819, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Devi Stuart-Fox", "Adnan Moussalli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Displays_and_Reflectance_Spectra_for_Three_Species_Spanning_the_Geographic_Range_of_the_Genus_/609819", "title"=>"Displays and Reflectance Spectra for Three Species Spanning the Geographic Range of the Genus", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-01-29 02:43:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/462375", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/462384"], "description"=>"<div><p>Rapid colour change is a remarkable natural phenomenon that has evolved in several vertebrate and invertebrate lineages. The two principal explanations for the evolution of this adaptive strategy are (1) natural selection for crypsis (camouflage) against a range of different backgrounds and (2) selection for conspicuous social signals that maximise detectability to conspecifics, yet minimise exposure to predators because they are only briefly displayed. Here we show that evolutionary shifts in capacity for colour change in southern African dwarf chameleons (Bradypodion spp.) are associated with increasingly conspicuous signals used in male contests and courtship. To the chameleon visual system, species showing the most dramatic colour change display social signals that contrast most against the environmental background and amongst adjacent body regions. We found no evidence for the crypsis hypothesis, a finding reinforced by visual models of how both chameleons and their avian predators perceive chameleon colour variation. Instead, our results suggest that selection for conspicuous social signals drives the evolution of colour change in this system, supporting the view that transitory display traits should be under strong selection for signal detectability.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["signalling", "drives", "chameleon", "colour"], "article_id"=>151124, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Devi Stuart-Fox", "Adnan Moussalli"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025.sg001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025.st001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>16, "page_views"=>103, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Selection_for_Social_Signalling_Drives_the_Evolution_of_Chameleon_Colour_Change/151124", "title"=>"Selection for Social Signalling Drives the Evolution of Chameleon Colour Change", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2008-01-29 00:18:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/939751"], "description"=>"<p>The plot shows the average colour change for all three body regions (top, mid-, and bottom flanks) regressed against the mean chromatic contrast (C<sub>C</sub>) of dominant signals among adjacent body regions (<i>r</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.18, <i>p</i> = 0.04, with one outlier removed). The regression is based on Felsenstein's independent contrasts (FIC, positivized on the <i>x</i>-axis), regressed through the origin, with the regression slope indicated by the line. There are <i>N</i> – 1 contrasts and one outlier was removed, resulting in 19 points. As in <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025#pbio-0060025-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 3</a>, the outlier is the contrast between B. pumilum from Stellenbosch and B. pumilum from Vogelgat.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["colour"], "article_id"=>610201, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Devi Stuart-Fox", "Adnan Moussalli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_Colour_Change_and_Colour_Contrast_among_Body_Regions_/610201", "title"=>"Relationship between Colour Change and Colour Contrast among Body Regions", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-01-29 00:03:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/939625"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Top flank (<i>r</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.30, <i>p</i> = 0.008); (B) mid flank (<i>r</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.54, <i>p</i> = 0.0001); (C) bottom flank (<i>r</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.36, <i>p</i> = 0.003). Chromatic contrast against the vegetation background (<i>y</i>-axis) is denoted as C<sub>C</sub> to background. Plots are regressions through the origin of Felsenstein's independent contrasts (FIC, positivized on the <i>x-</i>axis). For each variable, there are <i>N</i> – 1 contrasts, and one outlier was removed from each plot, resulting in 19 points (<i>r</i><sup>2</sup> and <i>p-</i>values are for regressions with the outlier removed). The outlier in each case is the contrast between B. pumilum from Stellenbosch and B. pumilum from Vogelgat. These lineages are very closely related but differ greatly in both habitat (vegetation) and display coloration, resulting in large contrasts. Lines indicate regression slopes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["chromatic", "colour", "conspicuousness"], "article_id"=>610073, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Devi Stuart-Fox", "Adnan Moussalli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_Chromatic_Colour_Change_and_Conspicuousness_of_Dominant_Colour_Signals_/610073", "title"=>"Relationship between Chromatic Colour Change and Conspicuousness of Dominant Colour Signals", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-01-29 00:01:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/939866"], "description"=>"<div><p>Understorey density is principal component 2 from the principal components analysis of habitat structure (see <a href=\"http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025#s3\" target=\"_blank\">Materials and Methods</a>).</p>\n <p>(A) Change in brightness (<i>r</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.14, <i>p</i> = 0.05) and (B) chromatic colour change (<i>r</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.21, <i>p</i> = 0.02). The regressions are based on Felsenstein's independent contrasts (FIC, positivized on the <i>x</i>-axis), regressed through the origin, with the regression slope indicated by the line. There are <i>N</i> – 1 = 20 independent contrasts.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["understorey", "colour"], "article_id"=>610315, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Devi Stuart-Fox", "Adnan Moussalli"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060025.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_Understorey_Density_and_Colour_Change_/610315", "title"=>"Relationship between Understorey Density and Colour Change", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2008-01-29 00:05:15"}

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Relative Metric

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