The gender gap in science: How long until women are equally represented?
Publication Date
April 19, 2018
Authors
Luke Holman, Devi Stuart Fox & Cindy E. Hauser
Volume
16
Issue
4
Pages
e2004956
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2004956
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.2004956
Scopus
85046336105
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/gender-gap-science-long-until-women-equally-represented
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The gender gap in science: How long until women are equally represented?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Luke", "last_name"=>"Holman"}, {"first_name"=>"Devi", "last_name"=>"Stuart-Fox"}, {"first_name"=>"Cindy E.", "last_name"=>"Hauser"}], "year"=>2018, "source"=>"PLOS Biology", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"621967238", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pbio.2004956", "issn"=>"1545-7885", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85046336105", "sgr"=>"85046336105", "isbn"=>"1111111111"}, "id"=>"26e3a203-eec0-371f-a539-0d381583cd08", "abstract"=>"Women comprise a minority of the Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine (STEMM) workforce. Quantifying the gender gap may identify fields that will not reach parity without intervention, reveal underappreciated biases, and inform benchmarks for gender balance among conference speakers, editors, and hiring committees. Using the PubMed and arXiv databases, we estimated the gender of 36 million authors from >100 countries publishing in >6000 journals, covering most STEMM disciplines over the last 15 years, and made a web app allowing easy access to the data (https://lukeholman.github.io/genderGap/). Despite recent progress, the gender gap appears likely to persist for generations, particularly in surgery, computer science, physics, and maths. The gap is especially large in authorship positions associated with seniority, and prestigious journals have fewer women authors. Additionally, we estimate that men are invited by journals to submit papers at approximately double the rate of women. Wealthy countries, notably Japan, Germany, and Switzerland, had fewer women authors than poorer ones. We conclude that the STEMM gender gap will not close without further reforms in education, mentoring, and academic publishing.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/gender-gap-science-long-until-women-equally-represented", "reader_count"=>46, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Psychology"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>5, "Physics and Astronomy"=>3, "Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}}, "group_count"=>3}

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