Bacterial Genes in the Aphid Genome: Absence of Functional Gene Transfer from Buchnera to Its Host
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Bacterial genes in the aphid genome: Absence of functional gene transfer from Buchnera to its host", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Naruo", "last_name"=>"Nikoh", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603860319"}, {"first_name"=>"John P.", "last_name"=>"McCutcheon", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006067120"}, {"first_name"=>"Toshiaki", "last_name"=>"Kudo", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401980047"}, {"first_name"=>"Shin Ya", "last_name"=>"Miyagishima", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701647376"}, {"first_name"=>"Nancy A.", "last_name"=>"Moran", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103226925"}, {"first_name"=>"Atsushi", "last_name"=>"Nakabachi", "scopus_author_id"=>"35622260600"}], "year"=>2010, "source"=>"PLoS Genetics", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"358387549", "sgr"=>"77649225628", "issn"=>"15537390", "pmid"=>"20195500", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-77649225628", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827", "isbn"=>"1553-7390"}, "id"=>"a9107f53-422b-3ca5-a566-69a0c72c2c24", "abstract"=>"Genome reduction is typical of obligate symbionts. In cellular organelles, this reduction partly reflects transfer of ancestral bacterial genes to the host genome, but little is known about gene transfer in other obligate symbioses. Aphids harbor anciently acquired obligate mutualists, Buchnera aphidicola (Gammaproteobacteria), which have highly reduced genomes (420-650 kb), raising the possibility of gene transfer from ancestral Buchnera to the aphid genome. In addition, aphids often harbor other bacteria that also are potential sources of transferred genes. Previous limited sampling of genes expressed in bacteriocytes, the specialized cells that harbor Buchnera, revealed that aphids acquired at least two genes from bacteria. The newly sequenced genome of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum, presents the first opportunity for a complete inventory of genes transferred from bacteria to the host genome in the context of an ancient obligate symbiosis. Computational screening of the entire A. pisum genome, followed by phylogenetic and experimental analyses, provided strong support for the transfer of 12 genes or gene fragments from bacteria to the aphid genome: three LD-carboxypeptidases (LdcA1, LdcA2, psi LdcA), five rare lipoprotein As (RlpA1-5), N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase (AmiD), 1,4-beta-N-acetylmuramidase (bLys), DNA polymerase III alpha chain (psi DnaE), and ATP synthase delta chain (psi AtpH). Buchnera was the apparent source of two highly truncated pseudogenes (psi DnaE and psi AtpH). Most other transferred genes were closely related to genes from relatives of Wolbachia (Alphaproteobacteria). At least eight of the transferred genes (LdcA1, AmiD, RlpA1-5, bLys) appear to be functional, and expression of seven (LdcA1, AmiD, RlpA1-5) are highly upregulated in bacteriocytes. The LdcAs and RlpAs appear to have been duplicated after transfer. Our results excluded the hypothesis that genome reduction in Buchnera has been accompanied by gene transfer to the host nuclear genome, but suggest that aphids utilize a set of duplicated genes acquired from other bacteria in the context of the Buchnera-aphid mutualism.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/bacterial-genes-aphid-genome-absence-functional-gene-transfer-buchnera-host", "reader_count"=>145, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>33, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>40, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>33, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>40, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Environmental Science"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>118, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>118}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>7, "Japan"=>1, "Spain"=>3, "India"=>2, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Sweden"=>1, "Iran"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "China"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/77649225628"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/77649225628?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77649225628&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77649225628&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/77649225628", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:77649225628", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-77649225628", "dc:title"=>"Bacterial genes in the aphid genome: Absence of functional gene transfer from Buchnera to its host", "dc:creator"=>"Nikoh N.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS Genetics", "prism:issn"=>"15537390", "prism:eIssn"=>"15537404", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"2", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2010-02-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"February 2010", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827", "citedby-count"=>"113", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"The Open University of Japan", "affiliation-city"=>"Chiba", "affiliation-country"=>"Japan"}], "pubmed-id"=>"20195500", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e1000827", "source-id"=>"4000151808", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosgenetics%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pgen.1000827", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>1, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>2}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Counter

  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"109"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"133", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"467"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"57", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2010", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"141"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"131"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"136"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"169"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"145"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"237"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"325"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"173"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"206"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"143"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"136"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"172"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"147"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"264"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"213"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"253"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"207"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"240"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"133"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"27"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/427600", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/427645", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/427693", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/427736", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/427771", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/427812", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/427851", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/427950", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/427966", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/428007"], "description"=>"<div><p>Genome reduction is typical of obligate symbionts. In cellular organelles, this reduction partly reflects transfer of ancestral bacterial genes to the host genome, but little is known about gene transfer in other obligate symbioses. Aphids harbor anciently acquired obligate mutualists, <em>Buchnera aphidicola</em> (Gammaproteobacteria), which have highly reduced genomes (420–650 kb), raising the possibility of gene transfer from ancestral <em>Buchnera</em> to the aphid genome. In addition, aphids often harbor other bacteria that also are potential sources of transferred genes. Previous limited sampling of genes expressed in bacteriocytes, the specialized cells that harbor <em>Buchnera</em>, revealed that aphids acquired at least two genes from bacteria. The newly sequenced genome of the pea aphid, <em>Acyrthosiphon pisum</em>, presents the first opportunity for a complete inventory of genes transferred from bacteria to the host genome in the context of an ancient obligate symbiosis. Computational screening of the entire <em>A. pisum</em> genome, followed by phylogenetic and experimental analyses, provided strong support for the transfer of 12 genes or gene fragments from bacteria to the aphid genome: three LD–carboxypeptidases (<em>LdcA1, LdcA2</em>,ψ<em>LdcA</em>), five rare lipoprotein As (<em>RlpA1-5</em>), <em>N</em>-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase (<em>AmiD</em>), 1,4-beta-<em>N</em>-acetylmuramidase (<em>bLys</em>), DNA polymerase III alpha chain (ψ<em>DnaE</em>), and ATP synthase delta chain (ψ<em>AtpH</em>). <em>Buchnera</em> was the apparent source of two highly truncated pseudogenes (ψ<em>DnaE</em> and ψ<em>AtpH</em>). Most other transferred genes were closely related to genes from relatives of <em>Wolbachia</em> (Alphaproteobacteria). At least eight of the transferred genes (<em>LdcA1</em>, <em>AmiD</em>, <em>RlpA1-5</em>, <em>bLys</em>) appear to be functional, and expression of seven (<em>LdcA1</em>, <em>AmiD</em>, <em>RlpA1-5</em>) are highly upregulated in bacteriocytes. The <em>LdcA</em>s and <em>RlpA</em>s appear to have been duplicated after transfer. Our results excluded the hypothesis that genome reduction in <em>Buchnera</em> has been accompanied by gene transfer to the host nuclear genome, but suggest that aphids utilize a set of duplicated genes acquired from other bacteria in the context of the <em>Buchnera</em>–aphid mutualism.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bacterial", "genes", "aphid"], "article_id"=>144424, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.s010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Bacterial_Genes_in_the_Aphid_Genome_Absence_of_Functional_Gene_Transfer_from_Buchnera_to_Its_Host/144424", "title"=>"Bacterial Genes in the Aphid Genome: Absence of Functional Gene Transfer from <em>Buchnera</em> to Its Host", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 01:13:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/860901"], "description"=>"<p>Flow chart of the BLASTP–based screening of the <i>A. pisum</i> genome for LGT candidates.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genome", "lgt"], "article_id"=>531329, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Flow_chart_of_the_BLASTP_based_screening_of_the_A_pisum_genome_for_LGT_candidates_/531329", "title"=>"Flow chart of the BLASTP–based screening of the <i>A. pisum</i> genome for LGT candidates.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:22:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/861026"], "description"=>"<p>Orange rhombi, copy numbers in the strain LSR1 (n = 3); Green circles, copy numbers in the strain ISO (n = 4). The copy numbers are shown in terms of copies of target genes per copy of the standard gene, <i>RpL7</i>. All quantitative PCRs were performed in triplicate. Each data point thus shows the mean of three separate quantitative PCRs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["numbers", "lgt", "candidates"], "article_id"=>531455, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Copy_numbers_of_LGT_candidates_in_the_A_pisum_genome_/531455", "title"=>"Copy numbers of LGT candidates in the <i>A. pisum</i> genome.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:24:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/861153"], "description"=>"<p>A total of 90 aligned amino acid sites were subjected to the analysis. Orthologs from Gammaproteobacteria were used, as BLAST searches indicated that all top hits were in this group. A Bayesian tree is shown; the ML tree and NJ tree exhibited substantially the same topologies. On each node, support values over 50 are shown (BI/ML/NJ). Asterisks (*) indicate support values lower than 50. The <i>A. pisum</i>-<i>Buchnera</i> cluster is shown in red. Accessions of the sequences are shown in parentheses. Scale bar indicates substitutions per site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid"], "article_id"=>531585, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_position_of_the_aphid_DnaE_/531585", "title"=>"Phylogenetic position of the aphid ψ<i>DnaE</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:26:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/861314"], "description"=>"<p>A total of 95 aligned amino acid sites were subjected to the analysis. Orthologs from Gammaproteobacteria were used, as BLAST searches indicated that all top hits were in this group. A Bayesian tree is shown; the ML tree and NJ tree exhibited substantially the same topologies. On each node, support values over 50 are shown (BI/ML/NJ). Asterisks (*) indicate support values lower than 50. The <i>A. pisum</i>-<i>Buchnera</i> cluster is shown in red. Accessions of the sequences are shown in parentheses. Scale bar indicates substitutions per site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid"], "article_id"=>531757, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_position_of_the_aphid_AtpH_/531757", "title"=>"Phylogenetic position of the aphid ψ<i>AtpH</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:29:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/861450"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Alignment of amino acid sequences of LdcAs. Residues conserved in two lineages are shaded gray. Triangles and reverse-triangles indicate frameshift deletions and insertions, respectively, in ψ<i>LdcA</i>. Dashes (-) indicate alignment gaps. Asterisks (*) indicate gaps caused by frameshifts. (B) Domain structures of the aphid LdcA proteins and structures of the corresponding mRNAs and genomic DNAs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid"], "article_id"=>531894, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Structure_of_the_aphid_LdcAs_/531894", "title"=>"Structure of the aphid LdcAs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:31:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/861578"], "description"=>"<p>A total of 136 aligned amino acid sites were subjected to the analysis. A Bayesian tree is shown; the ML tree and NJ tree exhibited substantially the same topologies. On each node, support values over 50 are shown (BI/ML/NJ). Asterisks (*) indicate support values lower than 50. Taxonomic positions (bacterial taxonomy unless otherwise stated) are shown in brackets.α, γ, and δ indicate proteobacterial classes. The <i>A. pisum</i>-<i>Rickettsiales</i> cluster is shown in red. Accessions of the sequences are shown in parentheses. Scale bar indicates substitutions per site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid", "ldca"], "article_id"=>532017, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_position_of_the_aphid_LdcA_proteins_/532017", "title"=>"Phylogenetic position of the aphid LdcA proteins.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:33:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/861760"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Alignment of amino acid sequences of AmiDs. Residues conserved in all lineages, three lineages, and two lineages are shaded black, dark gray, and light gray, respectively. Residues contributing to the domain structures are boxed. Arrowheads indicate three conserved amino acid residues involved in chelation of the zinc ion (His-34, His-154, and Asp-164) <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827#pgen.1000827-Liepinsh1\" target=\"_blank\">[43]</a>,<a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827#pgen.1000827-Genereux1\" target=\"_blank\">[44]</a>. Dashes (-) indicate alignment gaps. (B) Domain structure of the aphid AmiD protein and structures of the corresponding mRNA and genomic DNA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid"], "article_id"=>532193, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Structure_of_the_aphid_AmiD_/532193", "title"=>"Structure of the aphid AmiD.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:36:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/861880"], "description"=>"<p>A total of 124 aligned amino acid sites were subjected to the analysis. A Bayesian tree is shown; the ML tree and NJ tree exhibited substantially the same topologies. On each node, support values over 50 are shown (BI/ML/NJ). Asterisks (*) indicate support values lower than 50. Taxonomic positions (bacterial taxonomy unless otherwise stated) are shown in brackets.α, β, and γ indicate proteobacterial classes. The <i>A. pisum</i>-<i>Orientia-Amoebophilus</i> cluster is shown in red. The sequence from the placozoan <i>T. adhaerens</i> is shown in blue. Accessions of the sequences are shown in parentheses. Scale bar indicates substitutions per site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid"], "article_id"=>532321, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_position_of_the_aphid_AmiD_protein_/532321", "title"=>"Phylogenetic position of the aphid AmiD protein.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:38:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/862021"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Alignment of amino acid sequences of bLys orthologs. Residues conserved in all lineages and two lineages are shaded black and gray, respectively. Residues contributing to the domain structures are boxed. Dashes (-) indicate alignment gaps. (B) Domain structure of the aphid bLys protein and structures of the corresponding mRNA and genomic DNA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid"], "article_id"=>532467, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Structure_of_the_aphid_bLys_/532467", "title"=>"Structure of the aphid bLys.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:41:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/862152"], "description"=>"<p>A total of 133 aligned amino acid sites were subjected to the analysis. A Bayesian tree is shown; the ML tree and NJ tree exhibited substantially the same topologies. On each node, support values over 50 are shown (BI/ML/NJ). Asterisks (*) indicate support values lower than 50. Taxonomic positions (bacterial taxonomy unless otherwise stated) are shown in brackets.α, γ, and δ indicate proteobacterial classes. The <i>A. pisum</i>-<i>Wolbachia</i> cluster is shown in red. Sequences from the fungi are shown in blue. Accessions of the sequences are shown in parentheses. Scale bar indicates substitutions per site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid", "blys"], "article_id"=>532599, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_position_of_the_aphid_bLys_protein_/532599", "title"=>"Phylogenetic position of the aphid bLys protein.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:43:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/862294"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Order and directions of <i>RlpA</i> genes in the SCAFFOLD5509. (B) Alignment of amino acid sequences of RlpAs. Residues conserved in all lineages, four lineages, and three lineages are shaded black, dark gray, and light gray, respectively. Dashes (-) indicate alignment gaps. Residues contributing to the domain structures are boxed. (C) Domain structures of the aphid RlpA proteins and structures of the corresponding mRNAs and genomic DNA sequences. *The length of the putative first intron of <i>RlpA4</i> is unknown, as the putative first exon identified by cDNA cloning (AB435384) was not found in the SCAFFOLD5509. This would be due to sequence gaps in this scaffold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid"], "article_id"=>532740, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g011"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Structure_of_the_aphid_RlpAs_/532740", "title"=>"Structure of the aphid RlpAs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:45:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/862441"], "description"=>"<p>A total of 88 aligned amino acid sites were subjected to the analysis. A Bayesian tree is shown; the ML tree and NJ tree exhibited substantially the same topologies. On each node, support values over 50 are shown (BI/ML/NJ). Asterisks (*) indicate support values lower than 50. Taxonomic positions (bacterial taxonomy unless otherwise stated) are shown in brackets.α, β, γ, and ε classes indicate proteobacterial classes. Accessions of the sequences are shown in parentheses. Scale bar indicates substitutions per site. The aphid clade and Enterobacteriaceae clade are shown in red and blue, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["aphid", "rlpa"], "article_id"=>532878, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g012"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_position_of_the_aphid_RlpA_proteins_/532878", "title"=>"Phylogenetic position of the aphid RlpA proteins.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:47:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/862611"], "description"=>"<p>Ivory, blue, green, and orange columns represent expression levels in the whole body, the bacteriocyte, the embryo, and the midgut, respectively; bars, standard errors (<i>n</i> = 6). The expression levels are shown in terms of mRNA copies of the target genes per copy of mRNA for RpL7. Asterisks indicate statistically significant differences (Tukey-Kramer test; *, <i>p</i><0.05; **, <i>p</i><0.01; ***, <i>p</i><0.001).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["profiles", "lgt"], "article_id"=>533054, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.g013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Expression_profiles_of_LGT_candidates_/533054", "title"=>"Expression profiles of LGT candidates.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:50:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/862730"], "description"=>"<p>Primer sets used for quantitative PCR/RT–PCR.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sets", "quantitative"], "article_id"=>533170, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primer_sets_used_for_quantitative_PCR_RT_8211_PCR_/533170", "title"=>"Primer sets used for quantitative PCR/RT–PCR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:52:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/862794"], "description"=>"*<p>BLASTX for ψDnaE and ψAtpH. BLASTP for the rest.</p>**<p>The name of this gene model is based on the older version of the scaffold ID.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["candidates"], "article_id"=>533234, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Genetics"], "users"=>["Naruo Nikoh", "John P. McCutcheon", "Toshiaki Kudo", "Shin-ya Miyagishima", "Nancy A. Moran", "Atsushi Nakabachi"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000827.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_LGT_candidates_in_the_A_pisum_genome_/533234", "title"=>"LGT candidates in the <i>A. pisum</i> genome.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2010-02-26 00:53:54"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"77", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"38", "unique-ip"=>"70", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"4", "full-text"=>"30", "unique-ip"=>"29", "pdf"=>"18", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"8", "full-text"=>"56", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"50", "unique-ip"=>"49", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"33", "unique-ip"=>"30", "pdf"=>"28", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"33", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"21", "unique-ip"=>"29", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"8", "full-text"=>"25", "unique-ip"=>"31", "pdf"=>"16", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"24", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"25", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"23", "unique-ip"=>"24", "pdf"=>"17", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"15", "year"=>"2010", "pdf"=>"13", "unique-ip"=>"17", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "unique-ip"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2010", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"14", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"17", "figure"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"6", "full-text"=>"17", "unique-ip"=>"23", "pdf"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"19", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"21", "unique-ip"=>"20", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"14", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"15", "pdf"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"14", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"11", "unique-ip"=>"14", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"3", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"2", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"12", "unique-ip"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"17", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"10", "unique-ip"=>"18", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"14", "unique-ip"=>"14", "pdf"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"11", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "unique-ip"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"8", "unique-ip"=>"11", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"35", "supp-data"=>"19", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2010-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2010-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[288, 576, 733, 867, 984, 1087, 1182, 1267, 1346, 1424, 1501, 1577, 1646, 1711, 1778, 1841, 1908, 1970, 2034, 2102, 2162, 2227, 2296, 2359, 2422, 2482, 2550, 2610, 2679, 2747, 2820, 2887, 2955, 3009, 3067, 3130, 3200, 3257, 3322, 3379, 3443, 3507, 3571, 3632, 3683, 3753, 3822, 3877]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Evolutionary biology", "average_usage"=>[342, 639, 812, 953, 1062, 1178, 1282, 1358, 1452, 1515, 1604, 1668, 1734, 1819, 1896, 1947, 2009, 2062, 2128, 2213, 2269, 2350, 2422, 2490, 2565, 2629, 2699, 2768, 2834, 2909, 2962, 3034, 3097, 3167, 3232, 3321, 3372, 3439, 3496, 3534, 3598, 3659, 3715, 3780, 3845, 3903, 3992, 4051, 4123]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Genetics", "average_usage"=>[306, 610, 768, 915, 1043, 1164, 1255, 1349, 1432, 1511, 1592, 1674, 1744, 1817, 1889, 1950, 2028, 2087, 2153, 2217, 2274, 2349, 2418, 2488, 2558, 2616, 2686, 2745, 2809, 2869, 2938, 3008, 3071, 3131, 3189, 3258, 3320, 3389, 3446, 3503, 3552, 3613, 3677, 3744, 3788, 3842, 3907, 3966, 4015]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts