Worldwide Patterns of Ancestry, Divergence, and Admixture in Domesticated Cattle
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{"title"=>"Worldwide Patterns of Ancestry, Divergence, and Admixture in Domesticated Cattle", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jared E.", "last_name"=>"Decker", "scopus_author_id"=>"35263658500"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephanie D.", "last_name"=>"McKay", "scopus_author_id"=>"15069186200"}, {"first_name"=>"Megan M.", "last_name"=>"Rolf", "scopus_author_id"=>"35103263500"}, {"first_name"=>"Jae Woo", "last_name"=>"Kim", "scopus_author_id"=>"56095670300"}, {"first_name"=>"Antonio", "last_name"=>"Molina Alcalá", "scopus_author_id"=>"22985707500"}, {"first_name"=>"Tad S.", "last_name"=>"Sonstegard", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003447943"}, {"first_name"=>"Olivier", "last_name"=>"Hanotte", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003784875"}, {"first_name"=>"Anders", "last_name"=>"Götherström", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602916497"}, {"first_name"=>"Christopher M.", "last_name"=>"Seabury", "scopus_author_id"=>"13806485400"}, {"first_name"=>"Lisa", "last_name"=>"Praharani", "scopus_author_id"=>"56095213300"}, {"first_name"=>"Masroor Ellahi", "last_name"=>"Babar", "scopus_author_id"=>"12041153900"}, {"first_name"=>"Luciana", "last_name"=>"Correia de Almeida Regitano", "scopus_author_id"=>"35582514000"}, {"first_name"=>"Mehmet Ali", "last_name"=>"Yildiz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006190698"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael P.", "last_name"=>"Heaton", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005966115"}, {"first_name"=>"Wan Sheng", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"53463668600"}, {"first_name"=>"Chu Zhao", "last_name"=>"Lei", "scopus_author_id"=>"8648663300"}, {"first_name"=>"James M.", "last_name"=>"Reecy", "scopus_author_id"=>"6601988911"}, {"first_name"=>"Muhammad", "last_name"=>"Saif-Ur-Rehman", "scopus_author_id"=>"57201192363"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert D.", "last_name"=>"Schnabel", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102437354"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeremy F.", "last_name"=>"Taylor", "scopus_author_id"=>"7405408246"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS Genetics", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84897377220", "isbn"=>"1553-7404 (Electronic)\\r1553-7390 (Linking)", "arxiv"=>"arXiv:1309.5118v2 [q-bio.PE]", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254", "pui"=>"372738187", "sgr"=>"84897377220", "issn"=>"15537404", "pmid"=>"24675901"}, "id"=>"77a28eaa-5d27-3f98-88a0-129fac077930", "abstract"=>"The domestication and development of cattle has considerably impacted human societies, but the histories of cattle breeds and populations have been poorly understood especially for African, Asian, and American breeds. Using genotypes from 43,043 autosomal single nucleotide polymorphism markers scored in 1,543 animals, we evaluate the population structure of 134 domesticated bovid breeds. Regardless of the analytical method or sample subset, the three major groups of Asian indicine, Eurasian taurine, and African taurine were consistently observed. Patterns of geographic dispersal resulting from co-migration with humans and exportation are recognizable in phylogenetic networks. All analytical methods reveal patterns of hybridization which occurred after divergence. Using 19 breeds, we map the cline of indicine introgression into Africa. We infer that African taurine possess a large portion of wild African auroch ancestry, causing their divergence from Eurasian taurine. We detect exportation patterns in Asia and identify a cline of Eurasian taurine/indicine hybridization in Asia. We also identify the influence of species other than Bos taurus taurus and B. t. indicus in the formation of Asian breeds. We detect the pronounced influence of Shorthorn cattle in the formation of European breeds. Iberian and Italian cattle possess introgression from African taurine. American Criollo cattle originate from Iberia, and not directly from Africa with African ancestry inherited via Iberian ancestors. Indicine introgression into American cattle occurred in the Americas, and not Europe. We argue that cattle migration, movement and trading followed by admixture have been important forces in shaping modern bovine genomic variation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/worldwide-patterns-ancestry-divergence-admixture-domesticated-cattle", "reader_count"=>196, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>53, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>50, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>29, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>13}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>53, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>50, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>29, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>13}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>17, "Materials Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>138, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>5, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>9, "Computer Science"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>9}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>138}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>17}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>10}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>5}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "United States"=>7, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Kenya"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Spain"=>1, "New Zealand"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "Austria"=>1, "Finland"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "France"=>2, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438852"], "description"=>"<p>Breeds were colored according to their geographic origin; black: Africa, green: Asia, red: North and South America, orange: Australia, and blue: Europe. Scale bar shows 10 times the average standard error of the estimated entries in the sample covariance matrix (See <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254#pgen.1004254-Pickrell1\" target=\"_blank\">[20]</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Animal breeding", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "hybridization", "introgression", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "genetics", "Animal genetics", "Population biology", "inferred", "relationships", "134"], "article_id"=>977272, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Jared E. Decker", "Stephanie D. McKay", "Megan M. Rolf", "JaeWoo Kim", "Antonio Molina Alcalá", "Tad S. Sonstegard", "Olivier Hanotte", "Anders Götherström", "Christopher M. Seabury", "Lisa Praharani", "Masroor Ellahi Babar", "Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano", "Mehmet Ali Yildiz", "Michael P. Heaton", "Wan-Sheng Liu", "Chu-Zhao Lei", "James M. Reecy", "Muhammad Saif-Ur-Rehman", "Robert D. Schnabel", "Jeremy F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogram_of_the_inferred_relationships_between_134_cattle_breeds_/977272", "title"=>"Phylogram of the inferred relationships between 134 cattle breeds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-27 03:49:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438853"], "description"=>"<p>Breeds were colored according to their geographic origin; black: Africa, green: Asia, red: North and South America, orange: Australia, and blue: Europe. Scale bar shows 10 times the average standard error of the estimated entries in the sample covariance matrix.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Animal breeding", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "hybridization", "introgression", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "genetics", "Animal genetics", "Population biology", "inferred", "relationships", "74"], "article_id"=>977273, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Jared E. Decker", "Stephanie D. McKay", "Megan M. Rolf", "JaeWoo Kim", "Antonio Molina Alcalá", "Tad S. Sonstegard", "Olivier Hanotte", "Anders Götherström", "Christopher M. Seabury", "Lisa Praharani", "Masroor Ellahi Babar", "Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano", "Mehmet Ali Yildiz", "Michael P. Heaton", "Wan-Sheng Liu", "Chu-Zhao Lei", "James M. Reecy", "Muhammad Saif-Ur-Rehman", "Robert D. Schnabel", "Jeremy F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogram_of_the_inferred_relationships_between_74_cattle_breeds_/977273", "title"=>"Phylogram of the inferred relationships between 74 cattle breeds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-27 03:49:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438857"], "description"=>"<p>Breeds were colored according to their geographic origin; black: Africa, green: Asia, red: North and South America, orange: Australia, and blue: Europe. Scale bar shows 10 times the average standard error of the estimated entries in the sample covariance matrix. Common ancestor of domesticated taurines is indicated by an asterisk. Migration edges were colored according to percent ancestry received from the donor population. Migration edge <i>a</i> is hypothesized to be from wild African auroch into domesticates from the Fertile Crescent. Migration edge <i>b</i> is hypothesized to be introgression from hybrid African cattle. Migration edge <i>c</i> is hypothesized to be introgression from Bali/indicine hybrids into other Indonesian cattle. Migration edge <i>d</i> signals introgression of African taurine into Iberia. Migration edges <i>e</i> and <i>f</i> represent introgression from Brahman into American Criollo.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Animal breeding", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "hybridization", "introgression", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "genetics", "Animal genetics", "Population biology", "inferred", "relationships", "74"], "article_id"=>977277, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Jared E. Decker", "Stephanie D. McKay", "Megan M. Rolf", "JaeWoo Kim", "Antonio Molina Alcalá", "Tad S. Sonstegard", "Olivier Hanotte", "Anders Götherström", "Christopher M. Seabury", "Lisa Praharani", "Masroor Ellahi Babar", "Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano", "Mehmet Ali Yildiz", "Michael P. Heaton", "Wan-Sheng Liu", "Chu-Zhao Lei", "James M. Reecy", "Muhammad Saif-Ur-Rehman", "Robert D. Schnabel", "Jeremy F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_network_of_the_inferred_relationships_between_74_cattle_breeds_/977277", "title"=>"Phylogenetic network of the inferred relationships between 74 cattle breeds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-27 03:49:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438863"], "description"=>"<p>Blue represents Eurasian <i>Bos t. taurus</i> ancestry, green represents <i>Bos javanicus</i> and <i>Bos t. indicus</i> ancestry, and dark grey represents African <i>Bos. t. taurus</i> ancestry. Please note, averages do not represent the entire populations of each country, as we do not have a geographically random sample.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Animal breeding", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "hybridization", "introgression", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "genetics", "Animal genetics", "Population biology", "averages", "ancestry", "proportions", "ancestral", "populations"], "article_id"=>977279, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Jared E. Decker", "Stephanie D. McKay", "Megan M. Rolf", "JaeWoo Kim", "Antonio Molina Alcalá", "Tad S. Sonstegard", "Olivier Hanotte", "Anders Götherström", "Christopher M. Seabury", "Lisa Praharani", "Masroor Ellahi Babar", "Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano", "Mehmet Ali Yildiz", "Michael P. Heaton", "Wan-Sheng Liu", "Chu-Zhao Lei", "James M. Reecy", "Muhammad Saif-Ur-Rehman", "Robert D. Schnabel", "Jeremy F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Worldwide_map_with_country_averages_of_ancestry_proportions_with_3_ancestral_populations_K_3_/977279", "title"=>"Worldwide map with country averages of ancestry proportions with 3 ancestral populations (<i>K</i> = 3).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-27 03:49:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438868"], "description"=>"<p>Blue represents Eurasian <i>Bos t. taurus</i> ancestry, green represents <i>Bos javanicus</i> and <i>Bos t. indicus</i> ancestry, and dark grey represents African <i>Bos. t. taurus</i> ancestry. See <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254#pgen.1004254.s005\" target=\"_blank\">Supplementary Figures S5</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254#pgen.1004254.s006\" target=\"_blank\">S6</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254#pgen.1004254.s007\" target=\"_blank\">S7</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254#pgen.1004254.s008\" target=\"_blank\">S8</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254#pgen.1004254.s009\" target=\"_blank\">S9</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254#pgen.1004254.s010\" target=\"_blank\">S10</a> for other values of <i>K</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Animal breeding", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "hybridization", "introgression", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "genetics", "Animal genetics", "Population biology", "ancestral", "populations"], "article_id"=>977284, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Jared E. Decker", "Stephanie D. McKay", "Megan M. Rolf", "JaeWoo Kim", "Antonio Molina Alcalá", "Tad S. Sonstegard", "Olivier Hanotte", "Anders Götherström", "Christopher M. Seabury", "Lisa Praharani", "Masroor Ellahi Babar", "Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano", "Mehmet Ali Yildiz", "Michael P. Heaton", "Wan-Sheng Liu", "Chu-Zhao Lei", "James M. Reecy", "Muhammad Saif-Ur-Rehman", "Robert D. Schnabel", "Jeremy F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ancestry_models_with_3_ancestral_populations_K_3_/977284", "title"=>"Ancestry models with 3 ancestral populations (<i>K</i> = 3).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-27 03:49:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438870"], "description"=>"<p>Breeds were colored according to their geographic origin; green: Asia, and blue: Europe. Scale bar shows 10 times the average standard error of the estimated entries in the sample covariance matrix. Migration edges were colored according to percent ancestry received from the donor population. Migration edges show indicine introgression into Mongolian cattle, African taurine and indicine ancestry in Marchigiana, and a northern European influence on Wagyu.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Animal breeding", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "hybridization", "introgression", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "genetics", "Animal genetics", "Population biology", "inferred", "relationships", "14"], "article_id"=>977286, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Jared E. Decker", "Stephanie D. McKay", "Megan M. Rolf", "JaeWoo Kim", "Antonio Molina Alcalá", "Tad S. Sonstegard", "Olivier Hanotte", "Anders Götherström", "Christopher M. Seabury", "Lisa Praharani", "Masroor Ellahi Babar", "Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano", "Mehmet Ali Yildiz", "Michael P. Heaton", "Wan-Sheng Liu", "Chu-Zhao Lei", "James M. Reecy", "Muhammad Saif-Ur-Rehman", "Robert D. Schnabel", "Jeremy F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_network_of_the_inferred_relationships_between_14_cattle_breeds_/977286", "title"=>"Phylogenetic network of the inferred relationships between 14 cattle breeds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-27 03:49:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438871"], "description"=>"1<p>Significant results with ND2 excluded from the analysis are indicated in bold italics.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Animal breeding", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "hybridization", "introgression", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "genetics", "Animal genetics", "Population biology", "african", "taurine", "breeds"], "article_id"=>977287, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Jared E. Decker", "Stephanie D. McKay", "Megan M. Rolf", "JaeWoo Kim", "Antonio Molina Alcalá", "Tad S. Sonstegard", "Olivier Hanotte", "Anders Götherström", "Christopher M. Seabury", "Lisa Praharani", "Masroor Ellahi Babar", "Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano", "Mehmet Ali Yildiz", "Michael P. Heaton", "Wan-Sheng Liu", "Chu-Zhao Lei", "James M. Reecy", "Muhammad Saif-Ur-Rehman", "Robert D. Schnabel", "Jeremy F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Significant_f_4_statistics_for_African_taurine_breeds_and_populations_1_/977287", "title"=>"Significant <i>f<sub>4</sub></i> statistics for African taurine breeds and populations.<sup>1</sup>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-27 03:49:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438885", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438886", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438887", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438888", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438889", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438890", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438891", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438892", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438893", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438894", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438895", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438896", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438897", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1438898"], "description"=>"<div><p>The domestication and development of cattle has considerably impacted human societies, but the histories of cattle breeds and populations have been poorly understood especially for African, Asian, and American breeds. Using genotypes from 43,043 autosomal single nucleotide polymorphism markers scored in 1,543 animals, we evaluate the population structure of 134 domesticated bovid breeds. Regardless of the analytical method or sample subset, the three major groups of Asian indicine, Eurasian taurine, and African taurine were consistently observed. Patterns of geographic dispersal resulting from co-migration with humans and exportation are recognizable in phylogenetic networks. All analytical methods reveal patterns of hybridization which occurred after divergence. Using 19 breeds, we map the cline of indicine introgression into Africa. We infer that African taurine possess a large portion of wild African auroch ancestry, causing their divergence from Eurasian taurine. We detect exportation patterns in Asia and identify a cline of Eurasian taurine/indicine hybridization in Asia. We also identify the influence of species other than <i>Bos taurus taurus </i>and <i>B. t. indicus</i> in the formation of Asian breeds. We detect the pronounced influence of Shorthorn cattle in the formation of European breeds. Iberian and Italian cattle possess introgression from African taurine. American Criollo cattle originate from Iberia, and not directly from Africa with African ancestry inherited <i>via</i> Iberian ancestors. Indicine introgression into American cattle occurred in the Americas, and not Europe. We argue that cattle migration, movement and trading followed by admixture have been important forces in shaping modern bovine genomic variation.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "Animal management", "Animal breeding", "Evolutionary biology", "Evolutionary processes", "hybridization", "introgression", "Evolutionary systematics", "phylogenetics", "population genetics", "Gene flow", "genetics", "Animal genetics", "Population biology", "patterns", "admixture", "domesticated"], "article_id"=>977300, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Jared E. Decker", "Stephanie D. McKay", "Megan M. Rolf", "JaeWoo Kim", "Antonio Molina Alcalá", "Tad S. Sonstegard", "Olivier Hanotte", "Anders Götherström", "Christopher M. Seabury", "Lisa Praharani", "Masroor Ellahi Babar", "Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano", "Mehmet Ali Yildiz", "Michael P. Heaton", "Wan-Sheng Liu", "Chu-Zhao Lei", "James M. Reecy", "Muhammad Saif-Ur-Rehman", "Robert D. Schnabel", "Jeremy F. Taylor"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004254.s014"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Worldwide_Patterns_of_Ancestry_Divergence_and_Admixture_in_Domesticated_Cattle_/977300", "title"=>"Worldwide Patterns of Ancestry, Divergence, and Admixture in Domesticated Cattle", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-03-27 03:49:49"}

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