Multiyear Climate Variability and Dengue—El Niño Southern Oscillation, Weather, and Dengue Incidence in Puerto Rico, Mexico, and Thailand: A Longitudinal Data Analysis
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{"title"=>"Multiyear climate variability and dengue - El Niño southern oscillation, weather, and dengue incidence in Puerto Rico, Mexico, and Thailand: A longitudinal data analysis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michael A.", "last_name"=>"Johansson", "scopus_author_id"=>"16233749100"}, {"first_name"=>"Derek A T", "last_name"=>"Cummings", "scopus_author_id"=>"9842706300"}, {"first_name"=>"Gregory E.", "last_name"=>"Glass", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103236648"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS Medicine", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"358015992", "issn"=>"15491277", "isbn"=>"1549-1277", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-72949114078", "pmid"=>"19918363", "sgr"=>"72949114078"}, "id"=>"dc25c058-ec74-30eb-b3c2-38b69bb0ee95", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The mosquito-borne dengue viruses are a major public health problem throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Changes in temperature and precipitation have well-defined roles in the transmission cycle and may thus play a role in changing incidence levels. The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a multiyear climate driver of local temperature and precipitation worldwide. Previous studies have reported varying degrees of association between ENSO and dengue incidence.\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: We analyzed the relationship between ENSO, local weather, and dengue incidence in Puerto Rico, Mexico, and Thailand using wavelet analysis to identify time- and frequency-specific association. In Puerto Rico, ENSO was transiently associated with temperature and dengue incidence on multiyear scales. However, only local precipitation and not temperature was associated with dengue on multiyear scales. In Thailand, ENSO was associated with both temperature and precipitation. Although precipitation was associated with dengue incidence, the association was nonstationary and likely spurious. In Mexico, no association between any of the variables was observed on the multiyear scale.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: The evidence for a relationship between ENSO, climate, and dengue incidence presented here is weak. While multiyear climate variability may play a role in endemic interannual dengue dynamics, we did not find evidence of a strong, consistent relationship in any of the study areas. The role of ENSO may be obscured by local climate heterogeneity, insufficient data, randomly coincident outbreaks, and other, potentially stronger, intrinsic factors regulating transmission dynamics.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/multiyear-climate-variability-dengue-el-ni%C3%B1o-southern-oscillation-weather-dengue-incidence-puerto-ri", "reader_count"=>228, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>12, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>57, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. 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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/434775", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/434805", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/434838", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/434866", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/434930", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/434972"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>The mosquito-borne dengue viruses are a major public health problem throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Changes in temperature and precipitation have well-defined roles in the transmission cycle and may thus play a role in changing incidence levels. The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a multiyear climate driver of local temperature and precipitation worldwide. Previous studies have reported varying degrees of association between ENSO and dengue incidence.</p><h3>Methods and Findings</h3><p>We analyzed the relationship between ENSO, local weather, and dengue incidence in Puerto Rico, Mexico, and Thailand using wavelet analysis to identify time- and frequency-specific association. In Puerto Rico, ENSO was transiently associated with temperature and dengue incidence on multiyear scales. However, only local precipitation and not temperature was associated with dengue on multiyear scales. In Thailand, ENSO was associated with both temperature and precipitation. Although precipitation was associated with dengue incidence, the association was nonstationary and likely spurious. In Mexico, no association between any of the variables was observed on the multiyear scale.</p><h3>Conclusions</h3><p>The evidence for a relationship between ENSO, climate, and dengue incidence presented here is weak. While multiyear climate variability may play a role in endemic interannual dengue dynamics, we did not find evidence of a strong, consistent relationship in any of the study areas. The role of ENSO may be obscured by local climate heterogeneity, insufficient data, randomly coincident outbreaks, and other, potentially stronger, intrinsic factors regulating transmission dynamics.</p><h3></h3><p><em>Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary</em></p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["multiyear", "variability", "dengue", "incidence", "puerto", "longitudinal"], "article_id"=>145763, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Biological Sciences", "Neuroscience", "Cancer", "Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Michael A. Johansson", "Derek A. T. Cummings", "Gregory E. Glass"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Multiyear_Climate_Variability_and_Dengue_El_Ni_o_Southern_Oscillation_Weather_and_Dengue_Incidence_in_Puerto_Rico_Mexico_and_Thailand_A_Longitudinal_Data_Analysis/145763", "title"=>"Multiyear Climate Variability and Dengue—El Niño Southern Oscillation, Weather, and Dengue Incidence in Puerto Rico, Mexico, and Thailand: A Longitudinal Data Analysis", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2009-11-17 01:36:03"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/875451"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Reported cases of dengue in Puerto Rico by month. (B) Wavelet spectrum of (A). Power increases from blue to red. Areas where power is significantly high (95% confidence level) are encircled by black lines. Shaded areas indicate the presence of significant edge effects. (C) Wavelet spectrum of monthly average mean temperature in Puerto Rico (average minimum and maximum temperature behave similarly to mean temperature and are not shown). (D) Wavelet spectrum of monthly cumulative precipitation in Puerto Rico. (E) Wavelet spectrum of ENSO.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spectra", "precipitation", "puerto", "rico"], "article_id"=>545909, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Computational Biology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases", "Cancer", "Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Michael A. Johansson", "Derek A. T. Cummings", "Gregory E. Glass"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Wavelet_spectra_of_dengue_temperature_and_precipitation_in_Puerto_Rico_and_ENSO_/545909", "title"=>"Wavelet spectra of dengue, temperature, and precipitation in Puerto Rico and ENSO.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-11-17 01:38:29"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/875524"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Squared coherence plot of dengue incidence in Puerto Rico and ENSO. Coherence increases from blue to red. Areas where coherence is significantly high (95% confidence level) are encircled by black lines. Shaded areas indicate the presence of edge effects. (B) Phase of ENSO (solid black) and dengue incidence (red) and phase difference (dashed black) at a periodicity of 3–4.5 y. (C) Reconstructed ENSO (black) and dengue incidence (red) at a periodicity of 3–4.5 y. A similarly scaled Morlet wavelet is superimposed (blue).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["enso", "dengue", "puerto"], "article_id"=>545982, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Computational Biology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases", "Cancer", "Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Michael A. Johansson", "Derek A. T. Cummings", "Gregory E. Glass"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coherence_between_ENSO_and_dengue_in_Puerto_Rico_/545982", "title"=>"Coherence between ENSO and dengue in Puerto Rico.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-11-17 01:39:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/875619"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Squared coherence plot of ENSO and dengue incidence in Mexico. (B) Squared coherence plot of ENSO and dengue incidence in Thailand. Features are as described in <a href=\"http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168#pmed-1000168-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2A</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["enso", "dengue", "mexico"], "article_id"=>546076, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Computational Biology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases", "Cancer", "Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Michael A. Johansson", "Derek A. T. Cummings", "Gregory E. Glass"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coherence_between_ENSO_and_dengue_in_Mexico_and_Thailand_/546076", "title"=>"Coherence between ENSO and dengue in Mexico and Thailand.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-11-17 01:41:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/875669"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Squared coherence plot of ENSO and temperature. (B) Squared coherence plot of ENSO and precipitation. (C) Squared coherence plot of temperature and dengue incidence. (D) Squared coherence plot of precipitation and dengue incidence. Features are as described in <a href=\"http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168#pmed-1000168-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2A</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dengue", "puerto"], "article_id"=>546128, "categories"=>["Mathematics", "Computational Biology", "Neuroscience", "Infectious Diseases", "Cancer", "Ecology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Michael A. Johansson", "Derek A. T. Cummings", "Gregory E. Glass"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000168.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coherence_between_ENSO_weather_and_dengue_in_Puerto_Rico_/546128", "title"=>"Coherence between ENSO, weather, and dengue in Puerto Rico.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-11-17 01:42:08"}

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Relative Metric

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