Toward an Understanding of Disengagement from HIV Treatment and Care in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Qualitative Study
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{"title"=>"Toward an Understanding of Disengagement from HIV Treatment and Care in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Qualitative Study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Norma C.", "last_name"=>"Ware", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004902553"}, {"first_name"=>"Monique A.", "last_name"=>"Wyatt", "scopus_author_id"=>"8614184700"}, {"first_name"=>"Elvin H.", "last_name"=>"Geng", "scopus_author_id"=>"8607239500"}, {"first_name"=>"Sylvia F.", "last_name"=>"Kaaya", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603274822"}, {"first_name"=>"Oche O.", "last_name"=>"Agbaji", "scopus_author_id"=>"22978193100"}, {"first_name"=>"Winnie R.", "last_name"=>"Muyindike", "scopus_author_id"=>"35620921600"}, {"first_name"=>"Guerino", "last_name"=>"Chalamilla", "scopus_author_id"=>"25937114200"}, {"first_name"=>"Patricia A.", "last_name"=>"Agaba", "scopus_author_id"=>"9747745800"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS Medicine", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"15491277", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84873871360", "pui"=>"368227056", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pmed.1001369", "isbn"=>"1549-1676", "sgr"=>"84873871360", "pmid"=>"23341753"}, "id"=>"87e9bd9c-0fcd-32f8-a6ef-48e70cbebd38", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The rollout of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa has brought lifesaving treatment to millions of HIV-infected individuals. Treatment is lifelong, however, and to continue to benefit, patients must remain in care. Despite this, systematic investigations of retention have repeatedly documented high rates of loss to follow-up from HIV treatment programs. This paper introduces an explanation for missed clinic visits and subsequent disengagement among patients enrolled in HIV treatment and care programs in Africa.\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: Eight-hundred-ninety patients enrolled in HIV treatment programs in Jos, Nigeria; Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; and Mbarara, Uganda who had extended absences from care were tracked for qualitative research interviews. Two-hundred-eighty-seven were located, and 91 took part in the study. Interview data were inductively analyzed to identify reasons for missed visits and to assemble them into a broader explanation of how missed visits may develop into disengagement. Findings reveal unintentional and intentional reasons for missing, along with reluctance to return to care following an absence. Disengagement is interpreted as a process through which missed visits and ensuing reluctance to return over time erode patients' subjective sense of connectedness to care.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Missed visits are inevitable over a lifelong course of HIV care. Efforts to prevent missed clinic visits combined with moves to minimize barriers to re-entry into care are more likely than either approach alone to keep missed visits from turning into long-term disengagement.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/toward-understanding-disengagement-hiv-treatment-care-subsaharan-africa-qualitative-study", "reader_count"=>130, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>33, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>36, "Other"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>7, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>33, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>36, "Other"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>7, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>11, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Mathematics"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>58, "Psychology"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>34, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>58}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>34}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>4}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>11}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Mozambique"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Rwanda"=>1, "Tanzania"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Ethiopia"=>1}, "group_count"=>11}

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