Distribution and Diversity of Pathogenic Leptospira Species in Peri-domestic Surface Waters from South Central Chile
Publication Date
August 16, 2016
Journal
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Authors
Meghan R. Mason, Carolina Encina, Srinand Sreevatsan & Claudia Muñoz Zanzi
Volume
10
Issue
8
Pages
e0004895
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0004895
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pntd.0004895
Web of Science
000382390800038
Scopus
84988703558
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/distribution-diversity-pathogenic-leptospira-species-peridomestic-surface-waters-south-central-chile
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Distribution and Diversity of Pathogenic Leptospira Species in Peri-domestic Surface Waters from South Central Chile", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Meghan R.", "last_name"=>"Mason", "scopus_author_id"=>"56067412500"}, {"first_name"=>"Carolina", "last_name"=>"Encina", "scopus_author_id"=>"35073773100"}, {"first_name"=>"Srinand", "last_name"=>"Sreevatsan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701704195"}, {"first_name"=>"Claudia", "last_name"=>"Muñoz-Zanzi", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602544065"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pntd.0004895", "sgr"=>"84988703558", "pmid"=>"27529550", "issn"=>"19352735", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84988703558", "pui"=>"612326913"}, "id"=>"9fd81f92-7234-33dc-8331-a02ee0359055", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Leptospirosis is a neglected zoonosis affecting animals and humans caused by infection with Leptospira. The bacteria can survive outside of hosts for long periods of time in soil and water. While identification of Leptospira species from human cases and animal reservoirs are increasingly reported, little is known about the diversity of pathogenic Leptospira species in the environment and how surveillance of the environment might be used for monitoring and controlling disease. METHODS AND FINDINGS Water samples (n = 104) were collected from the peri-domestic environment of 422 households from farms, rural villages, and urban slums participating in a broader study on the eco-epidemiology of leptospirosis in the Los Rios Region, Chile, between October 2010 and April 2012. The secY region of samples, previously detected as pathogenic Leptospira by PCR, was amplified and sequenced. Sequences were aligned using ClustalW in MEGA, and a minimum spanning tree was created in PHYLOViZ using the goeBURST algorithm to assess sequence similarity. Sequences from four clinical isolates, 17 rodents, and 20 reference strains were also included in the analysis. Overall, water samples contained L. interrogans, L. kirschneri, and L. weilii, with descending frequency. All species were found in each community type. The distribution of the species differed by the season in which the water samples were obtained. There was no evidence that community-level prevalence of Leptospira in dogs, rodents, or livestock influenced pathogen diversity in the water samples. CONCLUSIONS This study reports the presence of pathogenic Leptospira in the peri-domestic environment of households in three community types and the differences in Leptospira diversity at the community level. Systematic environmental surveillance of Leptospira can be used for detecting changes in pathogen diversity and to identify and monitor contaminated areas where an increased risk of human infection exists.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/distribution-diversity-pathogenic-leptospira-species-peridomestic-surface-waters-south-central-chile", "reader_count"=>33, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>6, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>6}}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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