Culture-Independent Microbiological Analysis of Foley Urinary Catheter Biofilms
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{"title"=>"Culture-independent microbiological analysis of Foley urinary catheter biofilms", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Daniel N.", "last_name"=>"Frank", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201798042"}, {"first_name"=>"Shandra S.", "last_name"=>"Wilson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404785721"}, {"first_name"=>"Allison L.", "last_name"=>"St. Amand", "scopus_author_id"=>"8906191200"}, {"first_name"=>"Norman R.", "last_name"=>"Pace", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201694436"}], "year"=>2009, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"19907661", "sgr"=>"70649086287", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0007811", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-70649086287", "pui"=>"355713688", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"b201fe4e-9e2b-3416-b669-ba24f330612f", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), a leading cause of nosocomial disease, is complicated by the propensity of bacteria to form biofilms on indwelling medical devices [1,2,3,4,5]. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To better understand the microbial diversity of these communities, we report the results of a culture-independent bacterial survey of Foley urinary catheters obtained from patients following total prostatectomy. Two patient subsets were analyzed, based on treatment or no treatment with systemic fluoroquinolone antibiotics during convalescence. Results indicate the presence of diverse polymicrobial assemblages that were most commonly observed in patients who did not receive systemic antibiotics. The communities typically contained both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms that included multiple potential pathogens. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Prevention and treatment of CAUTI must take into consideration the possible polymicrobial nature of any particular infection.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cultureindependent-microbiological-analysis-foley-urinary-catheter-biofilms", "reader_count"=>49, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>17, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>13, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>3, "Mathematics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>13}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>3, "India"=>2}, "group_count"=>2}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/875622"], "description"=>"<p>Material scraped from the outside (panel A) and inside (panel B) surface of catheter sample Cat01 was stained with DAPI and visualized by confocal microscopy. Micrographs were taken at 100X magnification; nuclei in panel A, probably of human origin, indicate the relative sizes of bacteria.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["micrographs", "catheter"], "article_id"=>546082, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Daniel N. Frank", "Shandra S. Wilson", "Allison L. St. Amand", "Norman R. Pace"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Confocal_micrographs_of_catheter_biofilm_/546082", "title"=>"Confocal micrographs of catheter biofilm.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-11-12 01:41:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/875784"], "description"=>"<p>Results of broad-range rDNA PCR.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["broad-range", "rdna"], "article_id"=>546244, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Daniel N. Frank", "Shandra S. Wilson", "Allison L. St. Amand", "Norman R. Pace"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_broad_range_rDNA_PCR_/546244", "title"=>"Results of broad-range rDNA PCR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-11-12 01:44:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/875843"], "description"=>"1<p>Sequences analyzed.</p>2<p>Observed OTUs in all samples from catheter.</p>3<p>Good's coverage estimate.</p>4<p>Bias-corrected Chao1 estimate of OTU richness.</p>5<p>LCI: lower 95% confidence interval. UCI: upper 95% confidence interval.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["richness", "estimates"], "article_id"=>546309, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Daniel N. Frank", "Shandra S. Wilson", "Allison L. St. Amand", "Norman R. Pace"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sampling_coverage_and_richness_estimates_for_97_OTUs_/546309", "title"=>"Sampling coverage and richness estimates for 97% OTUs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-11-12 01:45:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/434861"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>Prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), a leading cause of nosocomial disease, is complicated by the propensity of bacteria to form biofilms on indwelling medical devices <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811#pone.0007811-Trautner1\">[1]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811#pone.0007811-Maki1\">[2]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811#pone.0007811-Warren1\">[3]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811#pone.0007811-Stamm1\">[4]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811#pone.0007811-Macleod1\">[5]</a>.</p><h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>To better understand the microbial diversity of these communities, we report the results of a culture-independent bacterial survey of Foley urinary catheters obtained from patients following total prostatectomy. Two patient subsets were analyzed, based on treatment or no treatment with systemic fluoroquinolone antibiotics during convalescence. Results indicate the presence of diverse polymicrobial assemblages that were most commonly observed in patients who did not receive systemic antibiotics. The communities typically contained both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms that included multiple potential pathogens.</p><h3>Conclusion/Significance</h3><p>Prevention and treatment of CAUTI must take into consideration the possible polymicrobial nature of any particular infection.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["culture-independent", "microbiological", "foley", "urinary", "catheter", "biofilms"], "article_id"=>145782, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Daniel N. Frank", "Shandra S. Wilson", "Allison L. St. Amand", "Norman R. Pace"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Culture_Independent_Microbiological_Analysis_of_Foley_Urinary_Catheter_Biofilms/145782", "title"=>"Culture-Independent Microbiological Analysis of Foley Urinary Catheter Biofilms", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-11-12 01:36:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/875685"], "description"=>"<p>Each barchart compares the taxonomic order-level distributions of sequences isolated from internal and external catheter specimens. Lower abundance bacterial orders (i.e., those with clonal representation less than 10% of total sequences) are not shown.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["16s", "rrna", "clones", "recovered", "catheter"], "article_id"=>546138, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Daniel N. Frank", "Shandra S. Wilson", "Allison L. St. Amand", "Norman R. Pace"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_distribution_of_16S_rRNA_clones_recovered_from_internal_and_external_catheter_surfaces_/546138", "title"=>"Phylogenetic distribution of 16S rRNA clones recovered from internal and external catheter surfaces.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2009-11-12 01:42:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/875820"], "description"=>"1<p>Numbers designate the percentage of clones in a catheter library that were classified in a phylotype. High values for each specimen are in bold.</p>2<p>Designates whether a patient was subjected to systemic antibiotics during catheterization.</p>3<p>Identified by Blast search of database culled of environmental clones.</p>4<p>Mean BLAST percent identity scores of query sequences to top BLAST hit.</p>5<p>Total number of sequences.</p>6<p>Low abundance clones were removed from table because of space limitations. See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811#pone.0007811.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bacterial", "rdna", "sequences", "catheter"], "article_id"=>546277, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Daniel N. Frank", "Shandra S. Wilson", "Allison L. St. Amand", "Norman R. Pace"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007811.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_bacterial_rDNA_sequences_in_catheter_samples_/546277", "title"=>"Distribution of bacterial rDNA sequences in catheter samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2009-11-12 01:44:37"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
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Relative Metric

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