A Universal System for Highly Efficient Cardiac Differentiation of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells That Eliminates Interline Variability
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A universal system for highly efficient cardiac differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells that eliminates interline variability", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Paul W.", "last_name"=>"Burridge", "scopus_author_id"=>"14025374300"}, {"first_name"=>"Susan", "last_name"=>"Thompson", "scopus_author_id"=>"36017721700"}, {"first_name"=>"Michal A.", "last_name"=>"Millrod", "scopus_author_id"=>"37089238000"}, {"first_name"=>"Seth", "last_name"=>"Weinberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"35981171500"}, {"first_name"=>"Xuan", "last_name"=>"Yuan", "scopus_author_id"=>"55262559700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ann", "last_name"=>"Peters", "scopus_author_id"=>"56268447000"}, {"first_name"=>"Vasiliki", "last_name"=>"Mahairaki", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506064246"}, {"first_name"=>"Vassilis E.", "last_name"=>"Koliatsos", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005601061"}, {"first_name"=>"Leslie", "last_name"=>"Tung", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102531482"}, {"first_name"=>"Elias T.", "last_name"=>"Zambidis", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508030369"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-79954543387", "sgr"=>"79954543387", "pui"=>"361607520", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"21494607", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0018293"}, "id"=>"37cad6ba-0507-37fa-bc9b-9a2d769e38dd", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The production of cardiomyocytes from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) holds great promise for patient-specific cardiotoxicity drug testing, disease modeling, and cardiac regeneration. However, existing protocols for the differentiation of hiPSC to the cardiac lineage are inefficient and highly variable. We describe a highly efficient system for differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) and hiPSC to the cardiac lineage. This system eliminated the variability in cardiac differentiation capacity of a variety of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC), including hiPSC generated from CD34(+) cord blood using non-viral, non-integrating methods.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We systematically and rigorously optimized >45 experimental variables to develop a universal cardiac differentiation system that produced contracting human embryoid bodies (hEB) with an improved efficiency of 94.7±2.4% in an accelerated nine days from four hESC and seven hiPSC lines tested, including hiPSC derived from neonatal CD34(+) cord blood and adult fibroblasts using non-integrating episomal plasmids. This cost-effective differentiation method employed forced aggregation hEB formation in a chemically defined medium, along with staged exposure to physiological (5%) oxygen, and optimized concentrations of mesodermal morphogens BMP4 and FGF2, polyvinyl alcohol, serum, and insulin. The contracting hEB derived using these methods were composed of high percentages (64-89%) of cardiac troponin I(+) cells that displayed ultrastructural properties of functional cardiomyocytes and uniform electrophysiological profiles responsive to cardioactive drugs.\\n\\nCONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: This efficient and cost-effective universal system for cardiac differentiation of hiPSC allows a potentially unlimited production of functional cardiomyocytes suitable for application to hPSC-based drug development, cardiac disease modeling, and the future generation of clinically-safe nonviral human cardiac cells for regenerative medicine.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/universal-system-highly-efficient-cardiac-differentiation-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-elimi-4", "reader_count"=>303, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>16, "Researcher"=>71, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>19, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>95, "Student > Postgraduate"=>18, "Student > Master"=>37, "Other"=>15, "Student > Bachelor"=>23, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>16, "Researcher"=>71, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>19, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>95, "Student > Postgraduate"=>18, "Student > Master"=>37, "Other"=>15, "Student > Bachelor"=>23, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>178, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>27, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>30, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Materials Science"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>43, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>5, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>4}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>43}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>5}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>27}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>178}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>30}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Hungary"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>12, "Japan"=>2, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>4, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>2}, "group_count"=>10}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79954543387"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79954543387?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79954543387&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79954543387&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/79954543387", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:79954543387", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-79954543387", "dc:title"=>"A universal system for highly efficient cardiac differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells that eliminates interline variability", "dc:creator"=>"Burridge P.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"6", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"4", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2011-04-20", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2011", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0018293", "citedby-count"=>"259", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Johns Hopkins School of Medicine", "affiliation-city"=>"Baltimore", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"21494607", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e18293", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0018293", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"725", "xml_views"=>"16", "html_views"=>"1770"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"128", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"368"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"61", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"202"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"67", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"182"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"73", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"99", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"249"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"89", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"255"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"70", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"322"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2011", "pdf_views"=>"76", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"237"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"92", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"285"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"91", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"250"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"68", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"224"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"98", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"279"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"79", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"222"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"72", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"209"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"71", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"293"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"73", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"341"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"61", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"334"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"106", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"560"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"77", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"410"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2012", "pdf_views"=>"61", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"290"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"353"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"219"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"208"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"50", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"283"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"221"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"46", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"204"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"242"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"190"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"46", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"209"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"355"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"49", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"379"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"380"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"350"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"311"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"313"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"330"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"390"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"333"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"354"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"252"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"201"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"140"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"56", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"231"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"169"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"145"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"172"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"170"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"152"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"136"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"134"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"261"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"280"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"274"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"252"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"240"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"160"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"233"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"226"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"282"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"302"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"234"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"197"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"52", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"55", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"70", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"49", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"46"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/784524"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Schematic of monolayer hESC/hiPSC culture technique.\n This monolayer technique uses conditioned medium prepared in a defined\n manner, single-cell passaging, automated cell counting, plating cells at\n a known density, and passaging every three days. (<b>B</b>) Stable\n growth rates of H9 hESC, viral fetal fibroblast-derived hiPSC lines\n iPS(IMR90)-1 and iPS(IMR90)-4, non-viral CD34<sup>+</sup> cord\n blood-derived hiPSC lines CBiPSC6.2, CBiPSC6.11, and non-viral adult\n fibroblast-derived hiPSC line iPSCWT4. (<b>C</b>) The homogenous\n culture phenotype seen when culturing H9 hESC as feeder-free monolayers\n (left), compared in comparison to typical colony morphology of cells\n grown in co-culture with MEF (right). (<b>D</b>) Comparable SSEA4\n and TRA-1-60 expression of H9 hESC growing as monolayer cultures (left)\n or colonies grown in co-culture with MEF (right).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hpsc", "lines", "reproducible", "cardiac"], "article_id"=>454877, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Controlled_growth_of_hPSC_lines_for_reproducible_cardiac____differentiation_/454877", "title"=>"Controlled growth of hPSC lines for reproducible cardiac\n differentiation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 01:21:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/785121"], "description"=>"<p>The basal medium RPMI 1640 was found to be most successful for\n cardiac induction during phase 2 and phase 3 and therefore was\n maintained for phase 4. The addition of the thiol 1-thioglycerol was\n found to be essential for hEB formation and survival. High\n concentrations of PVA enhanced hiPSC hEB formation. Insulin was\n essential for hEB formation. The combination of BMP4 and FGF2 was\n optimal for mesoderm specification whilst FBS or human serum was\n essential in phase 3 for <90% contracting hEB\n differentiation efficiency. The addition of lipids in phase 2 and 4\n enhanced hEB survival. A low concentration of Y27632 (ROCK\n inhibitor) enhanced the reproducibility of hEB formation. The\n xeno-/serum-free variant of the phase 3 medium required the addition\n of HSA and L-ascorbic acid to maintain cardiac differentiation and\n produces ∼60% of hEB contracting by d15 of\n differentiation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["optimized", "formulations", "steps", "of", "cardiac"], "article_id"=>455482, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Final_optimized_media_formulations_for_each_of_the_three_steps_of____cardiac_differentiation_/455482", "title"=>"Final optimized media formulations for each of the three steps of\n cardiac differentiation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 01:31:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/784845"], "description"=>"<p>Expression of cardiac troponin I in contracting hEB from differentiated\n H9 hESC, ES03 hESC, viral fibroblast-derived line iPS(IMR90)-1 hiPSC,\n and non-viral CD34+ cord blood-derived hiPSC lines CBiPSC6.2 and\n CBiPSC6.11. For each sample the entire U-well contents of one 96-well\n plate was enzymatically digested into a single cell suspension and\n analyzed by flow cytometry.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cytometry", "cardiomyocyte", "marker"], "article_id"=>455207, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Intracytoplasmic_flow_cytometry_analysis_of_cardiomyocyte_marker____expression_/455207", "title"=>"Intracytoplasmic flow cytometry analysis of cardiomyocyte marker\n expression.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 01:26:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/784397"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Representative immunocytochemistry of pluripotency\n markers POU5F1 (OCT4), NANOG, TRA-1-81, and SSEA4 in hiPSC line\n CBiPSC6.2 after >20 passages. (<b>B</b>) Representative\n hematoxylin and eosin staining of teratoma sections derived from\n CBiPSC6.2 after >20 passages demonstrating ectodermal, endodermal and\n mesodermal lineage differentiation. All CBiPSC clones in these studies\n formed similar teratomas. (<b>C</b>) Real-time RT-PCR studies p15\n CBiPSC lines for endogenous pluripotency genes using primers that\n distinguish endogenous expression from transgenes (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293#s4\" target=\"_blank\">Methods</a>). (<b>D</b>) The\n presence of plasmid transgene sequences examined by PCR at p11 in\n CBiPSC6.2, CBiPSC6.11, CBiPSC6.13, CBiPSC19.11 (lanes 3–6,\n respectively) and negative control H9 hESC (p48) (lane 1) compared to\n positive control early cultures from p2 (lane 2). RT-PCR analysis of\n selected plasmid sequences in p11 CBiPSC6.2, CBiPSC6.11, CBiPSC6.13,\n CBiPSC19.11 (lanes 8–11, respectively) and negative control H9\n hESC (lane 7) and p2 cultures (lane 12). (<b>E</b>) Genomic\n Southern blot analysis for episomal vector backbone integration in lines\n CBiPSC6.2, CBiPSC6.11, CBiPSC6.13, CBiPSC19.11 (p15) (lanes 2–5,\n respectively), H9 hESC (p55) (lane 1). Combination 6 episomal vector DNA\n was diluted as positive control to the equivalents of 0.4 and 4\n integrations per haploid genome (0.4× and 4×). L: 1 kb plus\n ladder. These studies were also conducted for non-viral adult\n fibroblast-derived hiPSC lines iPSCWT2 and iPSCWT4 with similar results\n (Machairaki <i>et al.</i>, in preparation).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["non-viral", "hipsc", "blood"], "article_id"=>454763, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Generation_of_non_viral_hiPSC_from_CD34_cord_blood____progenitors_/454763", "title"=>"Generation of non-viral hiPSC from CD34<sup>+</sup> cord blood\n progenitors.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 01:19:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/784276"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Schematic of the optimized cardiac differentiation\n system demonstrating: Phase 1, uniform growth of hESC/hiPSC as\n monolayers. Phase 2 (d0–d2), aggregation of 5000 single cell hESC\n or hiPSC in chemically defined RPMI+PVA medium in V96 plates. Phase\n 3 (d2–d4), cardiac specification using FBS or hSA containing\n medium. Phase 4 (d4+), cardiac development, hEB are allowed to\n adhere to U96 tissue culture treated plates in RPMI+INS.\n (<b>B</b>) Typical d2 hEB formed using the forced aggregation\n procedure in RPMI-PVA to demonstrate homogeneity in hEB size. Scale\n bar = 500 µm. (<b>C</b>) Typical d9\n contracting hEB formed using the optimized cardiac differentiation\n method with the contracting area circled, note minimal fibroblast\n outgrowth. Scale bar = 200 µm.\n (<b>D</b>) Efficiency of generation of contracting hEB\n produced in this system (New system,\n <i>n</i> = 48), with comparisons to xeno-\n and serum-free conditions (Xeno-/serum-free,\n <i>n</i> = 5), our previous method\n (Previous system, <i>n</i> = 7), and\n typically used methods (Typical,\n <i>n</i> = 9). Error bars, ±\n S.E.M.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["optimization", "cardiac", "differentiation", "human", "pluripotent"], "article_id"=>454630, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Systematic_optimization_of_cardiac_differentiation_of_human____pluripotent_stem_cells_/454630", "title"=>"Systematic optimization of cardiac differentiation of human\n pluripotent stem cells.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 01:17:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/784619"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Increasing the concentration of PVA from 1 mg\n mL<sup>−1</sup> to 4 mg mL<sup>−1</sup> PVA in the\n d0–d2 media formulation enhanced the differentiation of viral\n fibroblast-derived hiPSC line iPS(IMR90)-1, and non-viral cord\n blood-derived hiPSC line CB-iPSC6.2, whilst not affecting H9 hESC\n (<i>n</i> = 3). (<b>B</b>)\n Exposure of iPS(IMR90)-1 hEB to physiological (5%) oxygen\n tensions from differentiation d0–d2 also enhanced cardiac\n differentiation (<i>n</i> = 3,\n p<0.005). Identical conditions did not improve already highly\n efficient H9 hESC differentiation. (<b>C</b>) Combining both\n physiological oxygen tension and 4 mg mL<sup>−1</sup> PVA between\n d0–d2 eliminated interline differentiation variability in hiPSC\n derived using both viral- and non-viral-techniques\n (<i>n</i>≥3, p<0.005). Error bars, ± S.E.M.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["supplementation", "staged", "physiological", "oxygen", "eliminates", "interline", "variability", "cardiac"], "article_id"=>454973, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PVA_supplementation_and_staged_exposure_to_physiological_oxygen____eliminates_interline_variability_of_cardiac_differentiation_/454973", "title"=>"PVA supplementation and staged exposure to physiological oxygen\n eliminates interline variability of cardiac differentiation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 01:22:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/784724"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Comparison of real-time RT-PCR for markers of mesoderm\n (<i>T, MESP1</i>), cardiac progenitors (<i>NKX2.5,\n ISL1</i>), and cardiomyocytes (<i>TNNT2, MYH6</i>)\n during hESC differentiation using either the Previous system or New\n system. Analysis was performed using the <sup>ΔΔ</sup>Ct method\n with relative expression calculated using d0 of differentiation (hESC\n samples) as baseline. 18S RNA expression was used for normalization.\n Primers are shown in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293#pone.0018293.s010\" target=\"_blank\">Table S1</a>. (<b>B</b>)\n Immunocytochemistry for cardiac markers in hEB differentiated from H9\n hESC. Troponin I (red), α-actinin (green) and DAPI (blue) at low\n power (top panels) demonstrating unaligned striations throughout the hEB\n and higher power (lower panels) demonstrating area of aligned striation.\n (<b>C</b>) Immunocytochemistry for cardiac markers in hEB\n differentiated from CBiPSC6.2.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hpsc", "cardiomyocyte"], "article_id"=>455083, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characterization_of_hPSC_cardiomyocyte_differentiation_/455083", "title"=>"Characterization of hPSC cardiomyocyte differentiation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 01:24:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/785036"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Voltage micromapping. Phase image of CBiPSC6.2 hEB at\n 4× magnification. b. Voltage map, hEB were stained with\n di-4-ANEPPS (a voltage-sensitive fluorescent dye), and electrically\n field-stimulated at the same pacing rate (arrows indicate direction of\n electrical wave propagating across hEB). c. Action potentials during 0.5\n Hz field stimulation. d. Average conduction velocity (CV) measurements\n (mean ± standard deviation) for control and 15 min after addition\n of 50 µM isoproterenol during 0.5 Hz field stimulation.\n (<b>B</b>) Calcium micromapping. a. Phase image of beating\n hEB. b. Calcium map (arrows indicate direction of calcium wave\n propagating across beating hEB). c. Representative calcium transient\n (Ca) waveforms during 0.5 Hz field stimulation. Box in a and b denote\n site of recording in c.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characterization", "non-viral", "blood-derived", "hipsc", "contracting", "heb", "differentiated", "optical"], "article_id"=>455388, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Electrophysiological_characterization_non_viral_cord_blood_derived____hiPSC_contracting_hEB_differentiated_using_optical_mapping_/455388", "title"=>"Electrophysiological characterization non-viral cord blood-derived\n hiPSC contracting hEB differentiated using optical mapping.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 01:29:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393508", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393534", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393556", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393597", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393621", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393642", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393657", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393681", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393699", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393723", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393738", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393760", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393868", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393916", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393933", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/393951"], "description"=>"<div><h3>Background</h3><p>The production of cardiomyocytes from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) holds great promise for patient-specific cardiotoxicity drug testing, disease modeling, and cardiac regeneration. However, existing protocols for the differentiation of hiPSC to the cardiac lineage are inefficient and highly variable. We describe a highly efficient system for differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) and hiPSC to the cardiac lineage. This system eliminated the variability in cardiac differentiation capacity of a variety of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC), including hiPSC generated from CD34<sup>+</sup> cord blood using non-viral, non-integrating methods.</p> <h3>Methodology/Principal Findings</h3><p>We systematically and rigorously optimized >45 experimental variables to develop a universal cardiac differentiation system that produced contracting human embryoid bodies (hEB) with an improved efficiency of 94.7±2.4% in an accelerated nine days from four hESC and seven hiPSC lines tested, including hiPSC derived from neonatal CD34<sup>+</sup> cord blood and adult fibroblasts using non-integrating episomal plasmids. This cost-effective differentiation method employed forced aggregation hEB formation in a chemically defined medium, along with staged exposure to physiological (5%) oxygen, and optimized concentrations of mesodermal morphogens BMP4 and FGF2, polyvinyl alcohol, serum, and insulin. The contracting hEB derived using these methods were composed of high percentages (64–89%) of cardiac troponin I<sup>+</sup> cells that displayed ultrastructural properties of functional cardiomyocytes and uniform electrophysiological profiles responsive to cardioactive drugs.</p> <h3>Conclusion/Significance</h3><p>This efficient and cost-effective universal system for cardiac differentiation of hiPSC allows a potentially unlimited production of functional cardiomyocytes suitable for application to hPSC-based drug development, cardiac disease modeling, and the future generation of clinically-safe nonviral human cardiac cells for regenerative medicine.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cardiac", "differentiation", "of", "induced", "pluripotent", "cells", "eliminates", "interline", "variability"], "article_id"=>137701, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s015", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.s016"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/A_Universal_System_for_Highly_Efficient_Cardiac_Differentiation_of___Human_Induced_Pluripotent_Stem_Cells_That_Eliminates_Interline___Variability/137701", "title"=>"A Universal System for Highly Efficient Cardiac Differentiation of\n Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells That Eliminates Interline\n Variability", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 02:08:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/784934"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Voltage micromapping. a, Phase contrast image of H9 hEB\n at 4× magnification. b, Voltage activation map (arrows indicate\n direction of electrical wave propagating across hEB). c, Action\n potential duration (APD) map. d, Representative transmembrane potential\n (V<sub>m</sub>) trace at position denoted by the small square in a\n and b during 0.5 Hz field stimulation. e, Mean APD and conduction\n velocity (CV) measurements from 19 hEB (error bars represent ±\n s.d.). Coefficient of variation (COV, population s.d. divided by mean)\n for APD was 0.30 and for CV was 0.88 across hEB population. COV within\n an individual hEB was calculated from multiple APD measurements across\n all of the recording sites for that hEB (panel A, c) and was\n 0.042±0.030 (s.d.) when averaged across 19 hEB. (<b>B</b>)\n Intracellular calcium micromapping. a, Phase map of hEB at 6×\n magnification. b, Calcium map (arrows indicate direction of propagating\n calcium wave). c, Representative intracellular calcium (Ca<sub>i</sub>)\n trace at position denoted by the box in a and b. (<b>C</b>) The\n beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol shortened the mean APD in all 4\n hEB by an average of 23±8 ms (mean ± s.d.). *\n indicates p≈0.01 in a paired Student's t-test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characterization", "h9", "hesc", "contracting", "heb", "using", "optical"], "article_id"=>455295, "categories"=>["Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Paul W. Burridge", "Susan Thompson", "Michal A. Millrod", "Seth Weinberg", "Xuan Yuan", "Ann Peters", "Vasiliki Mahairaki", "Vassilis E. Koliatsos", "Leslie Tung", "Elias T. Zambidis"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018293.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Electrophysiological_characterization_H9_hESC_contracting_hEB_using____optical_mapping_/455295", "title"=>"Electrophysiological characterization H9 hESC contracting hEB using\n optical mapping.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-04-08 01:28:15"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"6", "full-text"=>"218", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"167", "unique-ip"=>"199", "figure"=>"75", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"106"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"190", "unique-ip"=>"164", "pdf"=>"117", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"104", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"3", "full-text"=>"115", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"83", "unique-ip"=>"104", "figure"=>"46", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"19"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"82", "unique-ip"=>"71", "pdf"=>"45", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"32", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"135", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"79", "unique-ip"=>"120", "figure"=>"39", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"63"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"108", "unique-ip"=>"98", "pdf"=>"67", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"37", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"125", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"63", "unique-ip"=>"114", "figure"=>"44", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"136", "unique-ip"=>"108", "pdf"=>"76", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"78", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"96", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"47", "unique-ip"=>"86", "figure"=>"29", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"27"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"79", "unique-ip"=>"76", "pdf"=>"32", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"27", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"92", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"42", "unique-ip"=>"83", "figure"=>"25", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"11"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"122", "unique-ip"=>"102", "pdf"=>"63", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"25", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"72", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"42", "unique-ip"=>"69", "figure"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"47"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"103", "unique-ip"=>"82", "pdf"=>"46", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"28", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"5", "full-text"=>"84", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"32", "unique-ip"=>"78", "figure"=>"23", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"39"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"62", "full-text"=>"65", "pdf"=>"35", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"21", "supp-data"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"60", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"50", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"17", "supp-data"=>"28", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"50", "full-text"=>"53", "pdf"=>"26", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"26", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"19", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"40", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"24", "supp-data"=>"35", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"19", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"56", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"37", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"67", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"21", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"28", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"17", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"15", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"18", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"14", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"23", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"26", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"14", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"33", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"44", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"53", "pdf"=>"17", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"16", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"53", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"18", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"25", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"21", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"16", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2011-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2011-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[304, 568, 702, 818, 927, 1027, 1118, 1206, 1285, 1357, 1427, 1500, 1564, 1636, 1705, 1773, 1840, 1909, 1974, 2039, 2106, 2170, 2234, 2296, 2358, 2423, 2484, 2546, 2606, 2673, 2734, 2795, 2857, 2921, 2984, 3046, 3100]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[301, 558, 690, 806, 916, 1018, 1112, 1197, 1275, 1349, 1421, 1495, 1561, 1631, 1697, 1762, 1835, 1895, 1954, 2020, 2078, 2142, 2197, 2258, 2313, 2376, 2437, 2494, 2557, 2618, 2682, 2744, 2818, 2880, 2940, 3000, 3056]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Developmental biology", "average_usage"=>[301, 573, 717, 840, 956, 1063, 1159, 1248, 1327, 1406, 1478, 1557, 1626, 1700, 1772, 1843, 1910, 1980, 2052, 2124, 2192, 2263, 2328, 2391, 2443, 2496, 2564, 2629, 2698, 2771, 2834, 2897, 2959, 3021, 3077, 3144, 3193]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Molecular biology", "average_usage"=>[295, 553, 688, 802, 914, 1017, 1108, 1194, 1278, 1351, 1419, 1500, 1570, 1633, 1712, 1774, 1839, 1903, 1970, 2033, 2101, 2162, 2228, 2291, 2352, 2418, 2486, 2547, 2610, 2680, 2737, 2799, 2859, 2919, 2974, 3029, 3082]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy and physiology", "average_usage"=>[296, 554, 686, 802, 910, 1014, 1104, 1195, 1277, 1349, 1419, 1483, 1551, 1620, 1690, 1757, 1820, 1888, 1957, 2017, 2081, 2140, 2202, 2259]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Endocrinology", "average_usage"=>[291, 585, 743, 873, 977, 1078, 1157, 1263, 1322, 1372, 1444, 1509, 1582, 1645, 1735, 1792, 1868, 1930, 1989, 2045, 2106, 2166, 2242, 2304, 2355, 2412, 2474, 2536, 2585, 2629, 2700, 2759, 2831, 2893, 2952, 3023, 3100]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts