Large Recovery of Fish Biomass in a No-Take Marine Reserve
Publication Date
August 12, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Octavio Aburto Oropeza, Brad Erisman, Grantly R. Galland, Ismael Mascareñas Osorio, et al
Volume
6
Issue
8
Pages
e23601
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0023601
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21858183
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3155316
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21858183
Web of Science
000293953500058
Scopus
80051627659
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/large-recovery-fish-biomass-notake-marine-reserve
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/746579"], "description"=>"<p>(a) groupers, (b) snappers, (c) jacks, and (d) parrotfishes. Photographs were taken in the summers of 2008–2010 (Photography by: Octavio Aburto).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["assemblage", "cabo", "pulmo"], "article_id"=>416955, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Octavio Aburto-Oropeza", "Brad Erisman", "Grantly R. Galland", "Ismael Mascareñas-Osorio", "Enric Sala", "Exequiel Ezcurra"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_the_fish_assemblage_at_Cabo_Pulmo_National_Park_CPNP_/416955", "title"=>"Examples of the fish assemblage at Cabo Pulmo National Park (CPNP).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-12 01:55:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/746763"], "description"=>"<p>Rows indicate the test used or parameter measured (<i>F</i> for Fisher's equality of variances test; <i>t</i> for Student's <i>t</i>-test for unequal sample sizes and unequal variances; <i>U</i> for Mann-Whitney's rank-sum test, and ρ for the rate of change). Plus signs (+) indicate a significant increase in biomass variance (<i>F</i>), in mean biomass (<i>t</i>), or in ranked biomass (<i>U</i>); blank spaces indicate non-significant changes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biomass", "1999", "2009", "cabo", "pulmo", "no-take", "open-access"], "article_id"=>417127, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Octavio Aburto-Oropeza", "Brad Erisman", "Grantly R. Galland", "Ismael Mascareñas-Osorio", "Enric Sala", "Exequiel Ezcurra"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_fish_biomass_between_1999_and_2009_in_a_Cabo_Pulmo_National_Park_b_other_no_take_or_core_zones_and_c_open_access_areas_/417127", "title"=>"Changes in fish biomass between 1999 and 2009 in (a) Cabo Pulmo National Park, (b) other no-take or core zones, and (c) open-access areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-08-12 01:58:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/746310"], "description"=>"<p>Average biomass of fish trophic groups surveyed in 1999 and 2009 in each site category in the Gulf of California.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biomass", "trophic", "groups", "surveyed", "1999", "2009", "gulf"], "article_id"=>416678, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Octavio Aburto-Oropeza", "Brad Erisman", "Grantly R. Galland", "Ismael Mascareñas-Osorio", "Enric Sala", "Exequiel Ezcurra"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_biomass_of_fish_trophic_groups_surveyed_in_1999_and_2009_in_each_site_category_in_the_Gulf_of_California_/416678", "title"=>"Average biomass of fish trophic groups surveyed in 1999 and 2009 in each site category in the Gulf of California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-12 01:51:18"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/746723"], "description"=>"<p>*MPAs with rocky reefs included in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mpas", "established", "mexican", "gulf"], "article_id"=>417090, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Octavio Aburto-Oropeza", "Brad Erisman", "Grantly R. Galland", "Ismael Mascareñas-Osorio", "Enric Sala", "Exequiel Ezcurra"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_List_of_MPAs_established_by_the_Mexican_Federal_Government_in_the_Gulf_of_California_/417090", "title"=>"List of MPAs established by the Mexican Federal Government in the Gulf of California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-08-12 01:58:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/746155"], "description"=>"<p>A) Sites surveyed by Sala et al. in 1999 <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601#pone.0023601-Sala2\" target=\"_blank\">[35]</a>, and resurveyed here in 2009. Dots inside the circle represent sites surveyed in Cabo Pulmo National Park in 1999. Dots inside squares represent sites in core zones (no-take areas) of other marine protected areas; the rest represent open access sites. B) Map of 11 sites surveyed at Cabo Pulmo National Park in 2009.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sampling"], "article_id"=>416526, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Octavio Aburto-Oropeza", "Brad Erisman", "Grantly R. Galland", "Ismael Mascareñas-Osorio", "Enric Sala", "Exequiel Ezcurra"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_of_sampling_sites_/416526", "title"=>"Location of sampling sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-12 01:48:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/746403"], "description"=>"<p>Data from other reserves were restricted to the few studies on temporal changes of total fish biomass (including all species) inside the same reserve. In all panels numbers in parentheses above bars represent years between surveys. In panels (b) and (c), relative annual rate of change between time zero and time <i>t</i> is calculated as: ρ = ln(<i>x<sub>t</sub></i>/<i>x</i><sub>0</sub>)/<i>t</i>. Data sources: Mombasa <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601#pone.0023601-McClanahan1\" target=\"_blank\">[6]</a>, New Caledonia <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601#pone.0023601-Wantiez1\" target=\"_blank\">[7]</a>, Saba <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601#pone.0023601-Roberts2\" target=\"_blank\">[43]</a>, St. Lucia <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601#pone.0023601-Hawkins1\" target=\"_blank\">[45]</a>, Sumilon and Apo <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601#pone.0023601-Russ3\" target=\"_blank\">[44]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biomass", "cabo", "pulmo", "reserves"], "article_id"=>416773, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Octavio Aburto-Oropeza", "Brad Erisman", "Grantly R. Galland", "Ismael Mascareñas-Osorio", "Enric Sala", "Exequiel Ezcurra"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_the_magnitude_and_rate_of_change_of_fish_biomass_at_Cabo_Pulmo_National_Park_relative_to_other_marine_reserves_around_the_world_/416773", "title"=>"Comparison of the magnitude and rate of change of fish biomass at Cabo Pulmo National Park relative to other marine reserves around the world.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-08-12 01:52:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/376100"], "description"=>"<div><p>No-take marine reserves are effective management tools used to restore fish biomass and community structure in areas depleted by overfishing. Cabo Pulmo National Park (CPNP) was created in 1995 and is the only well enforced no-take area in the Gulf of California, Mexico, mostly because of widespread support from the local community. In 1999, four years after the establishment of the reserve, there were no significant differences in fish biomass between CPNP (0.75 t ha<sup>−1</sup> on average) and other marine protected areas or open access areas in the Gulf of California. By 2009, total fish biomass at CPNP had increased to 4.24 t ha<sup>−1</sup> (absolute biomass increase of 3.49 t ha<sup>−1</sup>, or 463%), and the biomass of top predators and carnivores increased by 11 and 4 times, respectively. However, fish biomass did not change significantly in other marine protected areas or open access areas over the same time period. The absolute increase in fish biomass at CPNP within a decade is the largest measured in a marine reserve worldwide, and it is likely due to a combination of social (strong community leadership, social cohesion, effective enforcement) and ecological factors. The recovery of fish biomass inside CPNP has resulted in significant economic benefits, indicating that community-managed marine reserves are a viable solution to unsustainable coastal development and fisheries collapse in the Gulf of California and elsewhere.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biomass", "no-take"], "article_id"=>134294, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Octavio Aburto-Oropeza", "Brad Erisman", "Grantly R. Galland", "Ismael Mascareñas-Osorio", "Enric Sala", "Exequiel Ezcurra"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023601", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Large_Recovery_of_Fish_Biomass_in_a_No_Take_Marine_Reserve/134294", "title"=>"Large Recovery of Fish Biomass in a No-Take Marine Reserve", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-08-12 01:11:34"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"month"=>"8", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"2", "unique-ip"=>"6", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"22", "unique-ip"=>"20", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"13", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"16", "figure"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2011", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "full-text"=>"6", "year"=>"2011", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"7", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"9", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"2", "full-text"=>"16", "unique-ip"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"5", "full-text"=>"9", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"3", "unique-ip"=>"10", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1"}
  • {"scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "month"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"7", "unique-ip"=>"10", "pdf"=>"6", "year"=>"2012", "figure"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "abstract"=>"1", "full-text"=>"8", "year"=>"2012", "pdf"=>"4", "unique-ip"=>"8", "figure"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2012", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
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Relative Metric

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