Global and Regional Differences in Brain Anatomy of Young Children Born Small for Gestational Age
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{"title"=>"Global and regional differences in brain anatomy of young children born small for gestational age", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Henrica M A", "last_name"=>"de Bie", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603115470"}, {"first_name"=>"Kim J.", "last_name"=>"Oostrom", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603344407"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria", "last_name"=>"Boersma", "scopus_author_id"=>"8579483500"}, {"first_name"=>"Dick J.", "last_name"=>"Veltman", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003711554"}, {"first_name"=>"Frederik", "last_name"=>"Barkhof", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102989379"}, {"first_name"=>"Henriette A.", "last_name"=>"Delemarre-van de Waal", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005294440"}, {"first_name"=>"Martijn P.", "last_name"=>"van den Heuvel", "scopus_author_id"=>"24333539900"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-80052729938", "sgr"=>"80052729938", "pui"=>"362552310", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"21931650", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0024116"}, "id"=>"412caf50-74dd-3baa-9e2a-0e78cbd6a581", "abstract"=>"In children who are born small for gestational age (SGA), an adverse intrauterine environment has led to underdevelopment of both the body and the brain. The delay in body growth is (partially) restored during the first two years in a majority of these children. In addition to a negative influence on these physical parameters, decreased levels of intelligence and cognitive impairments have been described in children born SGA. In this study, we used magnetic resonance imaging to examine brain anatomy in 4- to 7-year-old SGA children with and without complete bodily catch-up growth and compared them to healthy children born appropriate for gestational age. Our findings demonstrate that these children strongly differ on brain organisation when compared with healthy controls relating to both global and regional anatomical differences. Children born SGA displayed reduced cerebral and cerebellar grey and white matter volumes, smaller volumes of subcortical structures and reduced cortical surface area. Regional differences in prefrontal cortical thickness suggest a different development of the cerebral cortex. SGA children with bodily catch-up growth constitute an intermediate between those children without catch-up growth and healthy controls. Therefore, bodily catch-up growth in children born SGA does not implicate full catch-up growth of the brain.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/global-regional-differences-brain-anatomy-young-children-born-small-gestational-age", "reader_count"=>45, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Engineering"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>20, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Psychology"=>7, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>20}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "Norway"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/735931"], "description"=>"<p>Only data from the right hemisphere are shown. Bars depict the mean within each group. P-values for trend derived from polynomial contrast analyses are shown (see also <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116#pone-0024116-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>). P-values of the left hemisphere are mentioned only when statistically different compared to p-values of the right hemisphere. AGA: appropriate for gestational age; SGA+: small for gestational age with catch-up growth; SGA−: small for gestational age without catch-up growth; n.s.: not signifcant. *: P-value of left hemisphere not significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parameters"], "article_id"=>406281, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Physiology"], "users"=>["Henrica M. A. De Bie", "Kim J. Oostrom", "Maria Boersma", "Dick J. Veltman", "Frederik Barkhof", "Henriette A. Delemarre-van de Waal", "Martijn P. van den Heuvel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Global_brain_parameters_in_AGA_SGA_and_SGA_8722_children_/406281", "title"=>"Global brain parameters in AGA, SGA+ and SGA− children.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-09-13 01:44:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/371910", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/371964", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/372002", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/372055", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/372076", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/372097", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/372104"], "description"=>"<div><p>In children who are born small for gestational age (SGA), an adverse intrauterine environment has led to underdevelopment of both the body and the brain. The delay in body growth is (partially) restored during the first two years in a majority of these children. In addition to a negative influence on these physical parameters, decreased levels of intelligence and cognitive impairments have been described in children born SGA. In this study, we used magnetic resonance imaging to examine brain anatomy in 4- to 7-year-old SGA children with and without complete bodily catch-up growth and compared them to healthy children born appropriate for gestational age. Our findings demonstrate that these children strongly differ on brain organisation when compared with healthy controls relating to both global and regional anatomical differences. Children born SGA displayed reduced cerebral and cerebellar grey and white matter volumes, smaller volumes of subcortical structures and reduced cortical surface area. Regional differences in prefrontal cortical thickness suggest a different development of the cerebral cortex. SGA children with bodily catch-up growth constitute an intermediate between those children without catch-up growth and healthy controls. Therefore, bodily catch-up growth in children born SGA does not implicate full catch-up growth of the brain.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["differences", "anatomy", "children", "gestational"], "article_id"=>133454, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Physiology"], "users"=>["Henrica M. A. De Bie", "Kim J. Oostrom", "Maria Boersma", "Dick J. Veltman", "Frederik Barkhof", "Henriette A. Delemarre-van de Waal", "Martijn P. van den Heuvel"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>19, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Global_and_Regional_Differences_in_Brain_Anatomy_of_Young_Children_Born_Small_for_Gestational_Age/133454", "title"=>"Global and Regional Differences in Brain Anatomy of Young Children Born Small for Gestational Age", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-09-13 00:57:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/736295"], "description"=>"<p>Data (except gender and handedness) are presented as mean (± standard deviation); p-value<0.05 is considered significant, p-values between 0.05 and 0.10 are reported.</p><p>*: weight for length SD.</p><p>Abbreviations: AGA: appropriate for gestational age; SGA+ small for gestational age with postnatal catch up growth; SGA−: small for gestational age without postnatal catch up growth; SD: standard deviation; ns: not significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["groups"], "article_id"=>406647, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Physiology"], "users"=>["Henrica M. A. De Bie", "Kim J. Oostrom", "Maria Boersma", "Dick J. Veltman", "Frederik Barkhof", "Henriette A. Delemarre-van de Waal", "Martijn P. van den Heuvel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_study_groups_n_8202_8202_55_children_/406647", "title"=>"Characteristics of study groups (n = 55 children).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-09-13 01:50:47"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/736058"], "description"=>"<p>Figure shows significant cortical thickening in children born SGA in comparison to normal AGA children. Specifically, most pronounced thickening is found in frontal brain regions, overlapping medial frontal and superior frontal cortices. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116#pone-0024116-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2A</a> shows the cortical thickness of the cerebral cortical mantle in the AGA, SGA+ and SGA− group, respectively. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116#pone-0024116-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2B</a> shows the effect-size difference maps between the AGA and SGA+ and AGA and SGA− group, showing strong thickening of the medial frontal and superior frontal regions in both SGA children. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116#pone-0024116-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2C</a> shows the statisical difference maps between AGA vs SGA+ and AGA vs SGA− , thresholded at p<0.001. Both SGA+ and SGA− children showed wide-spread signifiant higher thickness of the cortical mantle, most pronounced in frontal (as marked as the frontal cluster) and parietal regions, surviving cluster-wise correction for multiple testing (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116#s2\" target=\"_blank\">materials and methods</a>). Regions a–g refer to regions in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116#pone-0024116-t003\" target=\"_blank\">Table 3</a> (AGA vs SGA+: a = Superior frontal, b = Lateral orbitofrontal; AGA vs SGA−: c = Superior frontal, d = Pericalcarine, e = Superior frontal, f = Posterior cingulated, g = Superior parietal). AGA: appropriate for gestational age; SGA+: small for gestational age with catch-up growth; SGA−: small for gestational age without catch-up growth; c–p: p-value after cluster-wise correction for multiple comparisons.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["thickness", "cerebral", "cortical", "mantle"], "article_id"=>406405, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Physiology"], "users"=>["Henrica M. A. De Bie", "Kim J. Oostrom", "Maria Boersma", "Dick J. Veltman", "Frederik Barkhof", "Henriette A. Delemarre-van de Waal", "Martijn P. van den Heuvel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>118, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cortical_thickness_of_the_cerebral_cortical_mantle_in_AGA_SGA_and_SGA_8722_children_/406405", "title"=>"Cortical thickness of the cerebral cortical mantle in AGA, SGA+ and SGA− children.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-09-13 01:46:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/736166"], "description"=>"<p>P-values for trend derived from polynomial contrast analyses are shown. Bars depict the mean within each group. AGA: appropriate for gestational age; SGA+: small for gestational age with catch-up growth; SGA−: small for gestational age without catch-up growth.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["thickness", "medial", "prefrontal", "cortex", "hemispheres"], "article_id"=>406515, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Physiology"], "users"=>["Henrica M. A. De Bie", "Kim J. Oostrom", "Maria Boersma", "Dick J. Veltman", "Frederik Barkhof", "Henriette A. Delemarre-van de Waal", "Martijn P. van den Heuvel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cortical_thickness_of_the_medial_prefrontal_cortex_of_both_hemispheres_in_AGA_SGA_and_SGA_8722_children_/406515", "title"=>"Cortical thickness of the medial prefrontal cortex of both hemispheres in AGA, SGA+ and SGA− children.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-09-13 01:48:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/736271"], "description"=>"<p>Cortical areas showing significant group interactions (cluster-wise correction for multiple comparisons p<0.05) between AGA vs SGA+ and AGA vs SGA−.</p><p>*Regions refer to regions in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116#pone-0024116-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a> C.</p><p>Abbreviations: AGA: appropriate for gestational age; SGA+ small for gestational age with postnatal catch up growth; SGA−: small for gestational age without postnatal catch up growth.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["thicker", "cluster-wise", "correction", "comparisons", "children", "compared", "aga"], "article_id"=>406610, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Physiology"], "users"=>["Henrica M. A. De Bie", "Kim J. Oostrom", "Maria Boersma", "Dick J. Veltman", "Frederik Barkhof", "Henriette A. Delemarre-van de Waal", "Martijn P. van den Heuvel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regions_of_thicker_cortex_significant_after_cluster_wise_correction_for_multiple_comparisons_P_lt_0_05_in_SGA_and_SGA_8722_children_compared_to_AGA_children_n_8202_8202_55_children_/406610", "title"=>"Regions of thicker cortex, significant after cluster-wise correction for multiple comparisons (P<0.05), in SGA+ and SGA− children compared to AGA children (n = 55 children).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-09-13 01:50:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/736221"], "description"=>"<p>Data are presented as mean (± standard deviation); p-value<0.05 is considered significant, p-values between 0.05 and 0.1 are reported;</p><p>*: results of cerebellar measures should be interpreted with caution due to restricted resolution of MRI settings.</p><p>Abbreviations: AGA: appropriate for gestational age; SGA+ small for gestational age with postnatal catch up growth; SGA−: small for gestational age without postnatal catch up growth; R: right hemisphere; L: left hemisphere; ns: not significant.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cerebral", "cerebellar", "measures", "gestational", "children"], "article_id"=>406569, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Medicine", "Physiology"], "users"=>["Henrica M. A. De Bie", "Kim J. Oostrom", "Maria Boersma", "Dick J. Veltman", "Frederik Barkhof", "Henriette A. Delemarre-van de Waal", "Martijn P. van den Heuvel"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024116.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Global_cerebral_and_cerebellar_measures_in_small_for_gestational_age_and_appropriate_for_gestational_age_children_n_8202_8202_55_/406569", "title"=>"Global cerebral and cerebellar measures in small for gestational age and appropriate for gestational age children (n = 55).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-09-13 01:49:29"}

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Relative Metric

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