Historical Reconstruction Reveals Recovery in Hawaiian Coral Reefs
Publication Date
October 03, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
John N. Kittinger, John M. Pandolfi, Jonathan H. Blodgett, Terry L. Hunt, et al
Volume
6
Issue
10
Pages
e25460
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0025460
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21991311
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3184997
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21991311
Web of Science
000295943000030
Scopus
80053460866
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/historical-reconstruction-reveals-recovery-hawaiian-coral-reefs
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/368598", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/368654", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/368686", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/368722", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/368780", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/368851", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/368911", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/368967", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/369036", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/369092", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/369152", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/369254", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/369316", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/369491"], "description"=>"<div><p>Coral reef ecosystems are declining worldwide, yet regional differences in the trajectories, timing and extent of degradation highlight the need for in-depth regional case studies to understand the factors that contribute to either ecosystem sustainability or decline. We reconstructed social-ecological interactions in Hawaiian coral reef environments over 700 years using detailed datasets on ecological conditions, proximate anthropogenic stressor regimes and social change. Here we report previously undetected recovery periods in Hawaiian coral reefs, including a historical recovery in the MHI (∼AD 1400–1820) and an ongoing recovery in the NWHI (∼AD 1950–2009+). These recovery periods appear to be attributed to a complex set of changes in underlying social systems, which served to release reefs from direct anthropogenic stressor regimes. Recovery at the ecosystem level is associated with reductions in stressors over long time periods (decades+) and large spatial scales (>10<sup>3</sup> km<sup>2</sup>). Our results challenge conventional assumptions and reported findings that human impacts to ecosystems are cumulative and lead only to long-term trajectories of environmental decline. In contrast, recovery periods reveal that human societies have interacted sustainably with coral reef environments over long time periods, and that degraded ecosystems may still retain the adaptive capacity and resilience to recover from human impacts.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reconstruction", "reveals", "hawaiian", "coral", "reefs"], "article_id"=>132830, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["John N. Kittinger", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jonathan H. Blodgett", "Terry L. Hunt", "Hong Jiang", "Kepā Maly", "Loren E. McClenachan", "Jennifer K. Schultz", "Bruce A. Wilcox"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.s014"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Historical_Reconstruction_Reveals_Recovery_in_Hawaiian_Coral_Reefs/132830", "title"=>"Historical Reconstruction Reveals Recovery in Hawaiian Coral Reefs", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2011-10-03 00:47:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/728986"], "description"=>"<p>Ecosystem trendlines (in black) represent averages of changes in relative abundance in 7 trophic guilds (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone-0025460-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>). Periods of reef recovery in the MHI (AD 1450–1800) and the NWHI (AD 1950–2009) are indicated where the trendline is yellow. Proximate human stressors (C), indicated as colored regions, are quantified on a scale of intensity (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#s2\" target=\"_blank\">Methods</a>). Recovery factors are represented by purple bars and reference column D on <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone-0025460-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>. Proximate stressors exhibit an inverse relationship with ecosystem condition on an axis of depletion-degradation. Time is represented on the horizontal axes (AD 1250–2009); 50-year increments are used in the prehistoric period (AD 1250–1778) and 10-year increments are used for the historic and modern period (AD 1778–2009).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coral", "reef", "ecosystems", "hawaiian", "islands", "northwestern"], "article_id"=>399326, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["John N. Kittinger", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jonathan H. Blodgett", "Terry L. Hunt", "Hong Jiang", "Kepā Maly", "Loren E. McClenachan", "Jennifer K. Schultz", "Bruce A. Wilcox"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trajectories_of_change_in_coral_reef_ecosystems_in_the_Main_Hawaiian_Islands_MHI_A_and_the_Northwestern_Hawaiian_Islands_NWHI_B_/399326", "title"=>"Trajectories of change in coral reef ecosystems in the Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI) (A) and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) (B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-03 02:35:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/728872"], "description"=>"<p>Guild trendlines span the period AD 1250–2009 for both the Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI, blue) and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI, red) and were reconstructed using archaeological midden data (N = 42), ethnographic and archival anecdotal accounts (N = 990), contemporary ecological studies (N = 228), and annually published fisheries data (N = 55) (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone.0025460.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S1</a>). Guilds include free-living organisms (A–D: large carnivores; large herbivores; small carnivores; small herbivores) and architectural/sedentary species (E–G: corals; seagrasses/algae; suspension feeders & detritivores).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["depletion", "degradation", "trophic", "guilds", "coral", "reef", "biota", "hawaiian"], "article_id"=>399215, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["John N. Kittinger", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jonathan H. Blodgett", "Terry L. Hunt", "Hong Jiang", "Kepā Maly", "Loren E. McClenachan", "Jennifer K. Schultz", "Bruce A. Wilcox"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_depletion_and_degradation_of_seven_trophic_guilds_of_coral_reef_biota_in_the_Hawaiian_Archipelago_/399215", "title"=>"Changes in depletion and degradation of seven trophic guilds of coral reef biota in the Hawaiian Archipelago.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-03 02:33:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/729179"], "description"=>"<p>Long-term ecosystem trajectories for the MHI (red) and the NWHI (dark blue) are superimposed on the model.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hypothesized", "trajectories", "conditions", "thresholds"], "article_id"=>399534, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["John N. Kittinger", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jonathan H. Blodgett", "Terry L. Hunt", "Hong Jiang", "Kepā Maly", "Loren E. McClenachan", "Jennifer K. Schultz", "Bruce A. Wilcox"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_model_showing_hypothesized_trajectories_of_ecosystem_conditions_and_future_recovery_potential_available_light_blue_under_different_thresholds_A_8211_C_of_degradation_/399534", "title"=>"A model showing hypothesized trajectories of ecosystem conditions and future recovery potential available (light blue) under different thresholds (A–C) of degradation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-03 02:38:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/729250"], "description"=>"<p>Major historical events (A); underlying social factors leading to decline (B) and recovery (D) for Hawaiian coral reef ecosystems; Recovery events (C) for the MHI (1–4, 7) and the NWHI (5, 6, 8–10) are represented as purple bars on Figure.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["events", "factors", "coral", "reef", "700", "years", "hawaiian"], "article_id"=>399589, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["John N. Kittinger", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jonathan H. Blodgett", "Terry L. Hunt", "Hong Jiang", "Kepā Maly", "Loren E. McClenachan", "Jennifer K. Schultz", "Bruce A. Wilcox"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Timeline_of_major_historical_events_and_the_underlying_social_factors_associated_with_coral_reef_decline_and_recovery_over_700_years_in_Hawaiian_coral_reefs_/399589", "title"=>"Timeline of major historical events and the underlying social factors associated with coral reef decline and recovery over 700 years in Hawaiian coral reefs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2011-10-03 02:39:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/729089"], "description"=>"<p>Midden remains show decreases in marine fish and increases in domesticated mammals (pigs [<i>Sus scrofa]</i> and dogs [<i>Canis familiaris</i>]) through time, suggesting a change in basic subsistence patterns in Hawaiian prehistory with a decreased reliance on fish versus domesticates. Increases parrotfish and limpet species occurred from the late prehistoric and early historic period (∼AD 1400–1900+) suggesting release of these populations from exploitation pressure (E). Middens analyzed include the following sites: (A) Beach profile 1, and (B) Beach profile 4, Ke‘e Beach, Hā‘ena, Kaua‘i <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone.0025460-Hammatt1\" target=\"_blank\">[36]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone.0025460-Griffin1\" target=\"_blank\">[104]</a>, (C) Hālawa Dune Site, Moloka‘i <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone.0025460-Kirch12\" target=\"_blank\">[105]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone.0025460-Kirch13\" target=\"_blank\">[106]</a>; and, (D) Kuakini cave sites, Kailua-Kona, Hawai‘i Island <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone.0025460-Schilt1\" target=\"_blank\">[107]</a>. Data for <i>Scarus</i> spp. are from Site 4853-1, Bellows Beach, Waimanalo, O‘ahu <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone.0025460-Chiu1\" target=\"_blank\">[39]</a>; <i>Cellana</i> spp. data are from the Kalaupapa Peninsula, Moloka‘i <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460#pone.0025460-McCoy1\" target=\"_blank\">[50]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["faunal", "remains", "middens", "changes", "recovered", "archaeological", "excavations", "hawaiian"], "article_id"=>399428, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["John N. Kittinger", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jonathan H. Blodgett", "Terry L. Hunt", "Hong Jiang", "Kepā Maly", "Loren E. McClenachan", "Jennifer K. Schultz", "Bruce A. Wilcox"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trends_in_faunal_bone_remains_in_four_coastal_middens_A_D_and_size_changes_for_Scarus_spp_parrotfish_and_Cellana_spp_intertidal_limpets_E_recovered_from_archaeological_excavations_in_the_Hawaiian_archipelago_/399428", "title"=>"Trends in faunal bone remains in four coastal middens (A–D) and size changes for <i>Scarus</i> spp. (parrotfish) and <i>Cellana</i> spp. (intertidal limpets) (E) recovered from archaeological excavations in the Hawaiian archipelago.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-03 02:37:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/728718"], "description"=>"<p>The boundary for the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument in the NWHI is indicated in black. Map courtesy of the NOAA Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Office.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["hawaiian", "comprised", "inhabited", "islands", "uninhabited", "atolls", "northwestern"], "article_id"=>399058, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["John N. Kittinger", "John M. Pandolfi", "Jonathan H. Blodgett", "Terry L. Hunt", "Hong Jiang", "Kepā Maly", "Loren E. McClenachan", "Jennifer K. Schultz", "Bruce A. Wilcox"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025460.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_the_Hawaiian_Archipelago_comprised_of_the_inhabited_high_islands_of_the_main_Hawaiian_Islands_from_Kaua_8216_i_Ni_8216_ihau_to_Hawai_8216_i_Island_and_the_uninhabited_reefs_banks_and_atolls_of_the_Northwestern_Hawaiian_Islands_NWHI_/399058", "title"=>"Map of the Hawaiian Archipelago, comprised of the inhabited high islands of the main Hawaiian Islands (from Kaua‘i/Ni‘ihau to Hawai‘i Island) and the uninhabited reefs, banks, and atolls of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2011-10-03 02:30:58"}

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Relative Metric

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