I-Space: The Effects of Emotional Valence and Source of Music on Interpersonal Distance
Publication Date
October 12, 2011
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Ana Tajadura Jiménez, Galini Pantelidou, Pawel Rebacz, Daniel Västfjäll, et al
Volume
6
Issue
10
Pages
e26083
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026083
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0026083
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22022516
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3192152
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/22022516
Web of Science
000295976000065
Scopus
80053975884
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/ispace-effects-emotional-valence-source-music-interpersonal-distance
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"I-space: The effects of emotional valence and source of music on interpersonal distance", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ana", "last_name"=>"Tajadura-Jiménez", "scopus_author_id"=>"23569030500"}, {"first_name"=>"Galini", "last_name"=>"Pantelidou", "scopus_author_id"=>"53164478200"}, {"first_name"=>"Pawel", "last_name"=>"Rebacz", "scopus_author_id"=>"53164660400"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Västfjäll", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603904733"}, {"first_name"=>"Manos", "last_name"=>"Tsakiris", "scopus_author_id"=>"8612330500"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-80053975884", "sgr"=>"80053975884", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0026083", "pmid"=>"22022516", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"362735220"}, "id"=>"d29fc302-9399-3a25-b2ee-e0d06da74f99", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The ubiquitous use of personal music players in over-crowded public transport alludes to the hypothesis that apart from making the journey more pleasant, listening to music through headphones may also affect representations of our personal space, that is, the emotionally-tinged zone around the human body that people feel is \"their space\". We evaluated the effects of emotional valence (positive versus negative) and source (external, i.e. loudspeakers, versus embedded, i.e. headphones) of music on the participant's interpersonal distance when interacting with others.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Personal space was evaluated as the comfort interpersonal distance between participant and experimenter during both active and passive approach tasks. Our results show that, during passive approach tasks, listening to positive versus negative emotion-inducing music reduces the representation of personal space, allowing others to come closer to us. With respect to a no-music condition, an embedded source of positive emotion-inducing music reduced personal space, while an external source of negative emotion-inducing music expanded personal space.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The results provide the first empirical evidence of the relation between induced emotional state, as a result of listening to positive music through headphones, and personal space when interacting with others. This research might help to understand the benefit that people find in using personal music players in crowded situations, such as when using the public transport in urban settings.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/ispace-effects-emotional-valence-source-music-interpersonal-distance", "reader_count"=>88, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>21, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>31, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>21, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>31, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>6, "Unspecified"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Philosophy"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>7, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>54, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>6}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>54}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>7}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Philippines"=>1, "Luxembourg"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "Italy"=>3, "France"=>3, "Switzerland"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/725976"], "description"=>"<p>Comfort distance ± SEM (cm) for the two music rendering types (headphones, loudspeakers), and for the three different sounds track types (positive, negative, no-music). * marks significance.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Mental health", "neuroscience"], "article_id"=>396333, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ana Tajadura-Jiménez", "Galini Pantelidou", "Pawel Rebacz", "Daniel Västfjäll", "Manos Tsakiris"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026083.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_Experiment_2_/396333", "title"=>"Results of Experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 13:55:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/725743"], "description"=>"<p>(1A) In Experiment 1 auditory stimuli were delivered via headphones. In the approach-distance condition the participant was required to walk towards the experimenter and in the stop-distance condition the experimenter walked towards the participant. (1B) In Experiment 2 in half of the conditions auditory stimuli were delivered via headphones and in the other half via loudspeakers. Experiment 2 only contained conditions with the stop-distance task. Music track and experiment gender were varied across trials.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["setup"], "article_id"=>396095, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ana Tajadura-Jiménez", "Galini Pantelidou", "Pawel Rebacz", "Daniel Västfjäll", "Manos Tsakiris"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026083.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_setup_used_in_Experiment_1_and_Experiment_2_bird_s_eye_view_/396095", "title"=>"Experimental setup used in Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 (bird's-eye view).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 13:54:23"}

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Relative Metric

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