Measured and Simulated Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Ryegrass- and Ryegrass/White Clover-Based Grasslands in a Moist Temperate Climate
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{"title"=>"Measured and simulated nitrous oxide emissions from ryegrass- and ryegrass/white clover-based grasslands in a moist temperate climate", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Dejun", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"55704041500"}, {"first_name"=>"Gary", "last_name"=>"Lanigan", "scopus_author_id"=>"23970656100"}, {"first_name"=>"James", "last_name"=>"Humphreys", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103092292"}], "year"=>2011, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"362721301", "pmid"=>"22028829", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0026176", "sgr"=>"80053916337", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-80053916337"}, "id"=>"19db57a9-5357-3f62-970e-2159be2c0f13", "abstract"=>"<p>There is uncertainty about the potential reduction of soil nitrous oxide (N<sub>2</sub>O) emission when fertilizer nitrogen (FN) is partially or completely replaced by biological N fixation (BNF) in temperate grassland. The objectives of this study were to 1) investigate the changes in N<sub>2</sub>O emissions when BNF is used to replace FN in permanent grassland, and 2) evaluate the applicability of the process-based model DNDC to simulate N<sub>2</sub>O emissions from Irish grasslands. Three grazing treatments were: (i) ryegrass (<italic>Lolium perenne</italic>) grasslands receiving 226 kg FN ha<sup>−1</sup> yr<sup>−1</sup> (GG+FN), (ii) ryegrass/white clover (<italic>Trifolium repens</italic>) grasslands receiving 58 kg FN ha<sup>−1</sup> yr<sup>−1</sup> (GWC+FN) applied in spring, and (iii) ryegrass/white clover grasslands receiving no FN (GWC-FN). Two background treatments, un-grazed swards with ryegrass only (G–B) or ryegrass/white clover (WC–B), did not receive slurry or FN and the herbage was harvested by mowing. There was no significant difference in annual N<sub>2</sub>O emissions between G–B (2.38±0.12 kg N ha<sup>−1</sup> yr<sup>−1</sup> (mean±SE)) and WC-B (2.45±0.85 kg N ha<sup>−1</sup> yr<sup>−1</sup>), indicating that N<sub>2</sub>O emission due to BNF itself and clover residual decomposition from permanent ryegrass/clover grassland was negligible. N<sub>2</sub>O emissions were 7.82±1.67, 6.35±1.14 and 6.54±1.70 kg N ha<sup>−1</sup> yr<sup>−1</sup>, respectively, from GG+FN, GWC+FN and GWC-FN. N<sub>2</sub>O fluxes simulated by DNDC agreed well with the measured values with significant correlation between simulated and measured daily fluxes for the three grazing treatments, but the simulation did not agree very well for the background treatments. DNDC overestimated annual emission by 61% for GG+FN, and underestimated by 45% for GWC-FN, but simulated very well for GWC+FN. Both the measured and simulated results supported that there was a clear reduction of N<sub>2</sub>O emissions when FN was replaced by BNF.</p>", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/measured-simulated-nitrous-oxide-emissions-ryegrass-ryegrasswhite-cloverbased-grasslands-moist-tempe", "reader_count"=>40, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>16, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>16}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>1, "China"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/726977"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Simulated and measured soil water filled pore space (WFPS) at 5 cm depth, (B) simulated and measured soil temperature at 5 cm depth, and (C) daily rainfall and air temperature. Note: only measured soil moisture and temperature for GG+FN paddocks are presented here as an example.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["microclimatic"], "article_id"=>397339, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Dejun Li", "Gary Lanigan", "James Humphreys"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026176.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Soil_microclimatic_and_weather_conditions_/397339", "title"=>"Soil microclimatic and weather conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:00:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/727070"], "description"=>"<p>Note: <sup>a</sup> + and – denote with and without, respectively; <sup>b</sup> the dates in the parentheses mean when slurry, urea and CAN (calcium ammonium nitrate) were applied.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["slurry", "fertilizer", "2009"], "article_id"=>397428, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Dejun Li", "Gary Lanigan", "James Humphreys"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026176.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Grazing_and_application_of_slurry_and_fertilizer_N_in_2009_and_2010_/397428", "title"=>"Grazing and application of slurry and fertilizer N in 2009 and 2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:01:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/726840"], "description"=>"<p>Cumulative N<sub>2</sub>O emissions over the studied year for (A) GG+FN, (B) GWC+FN, and (C) GWC-FN. The vertical broken line divided the studied year into non-grazing period (left) and grazing period (right). *The studied year composed of November-December 2009, January-September 2010 and October 2009.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["chemistry", "ecology"], "article_id"=>397197, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Dejun Li", "Gary Lanigan", "James Humphreys"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026176.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cumulative_N_2_O_emissions_/397197", "title"=>"Cumulative N<sub>2</sub>O emissions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 14:00:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/726694"], "description"=>"<p>Simulated (—) and measured (•) N<sub>2</sub>O fluxes for (A) GG+FN, (B) GWC+FN, (C) GWC-FN, (D) G-B and (E) WC-B. Each value is the mean of fluxes from the three paddocks or plots. Dashed or solid arrows indicate when slurry or FN was applied, respectively. The vertical edges of the shaded boxes denote the start and end of grazing period.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["chemistry", "ecology"], "article_id"=>397047, "categories"=>["Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Dejun Li", "Gary Lanigan", "James Humphreys"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026176.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Daily_N_2_O_fluxes_/397047", "title"=>"Daily N<sub>2</sub>O fluxes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-20 13:59:17"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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